|Venice Film Festival|
The Venice Film Festival is the oldest film festival in the world. Founded by Count Giuseppe Volpi di Misurata in 1932 as the "Esposizione Internazionale d'Arte Cinematografica", the festival has since taken place every year in late August or early September on the island of the Lido, Venice, Italy. Screenings take place in the historic Palazzo del Cinema on the Lungomare Marconi. It is one of the world's most prestigious film festivals and is part of the Venice Biennale, a major biennial exhibition and festival for contemporary art.
The festival's principal awards are the Leone d'Oro (Golden Lion), which is awarded to the best film screened at the festival, and the Coppa Volpi (Volpi Cup), which is awarded to the best actor and actress. In 2002, the San Marco Award has been introduced, for the best film of the Controcorrente (Against the stream) section.
See a list of winners at Golden Lion
The Golden Lion is the festival's highest award for best film.
See list of winners at Silver Lion
Silver Lions are an irregular award presented in some years as a "runners-up" prize to the Golden Lion. In addition, other Silver Lions are sometimes awarded for debut films, short films and direction.
See list of winners at Special Jury Prize (Venice Film Festival)
A Special Jury Prize is awarded to one or two films in most years.
For a list of winners, see Volpi Cup.
The Volpi Cups are awarded to actors. Awards for best actor and best actress have been given since 1935. In the mid-1990s awards were also given to supporting actors and actresses, and in 1993 an award was given to the entire cast of Short Cuts.
The Golden Osellas are awarded to directors, cinematographers, screenwriters, composers, and for outstanding technical contributions.
The Mussolini Cups were the top awards from 1934 to 1942. Named after Italy's then ruler, Benito Mussolini, they were abandoned upon his ousting in 1943, and eventually returned as the Grand International Prize of Venice in 1947 (see Golden Lion).