Twelfth grade, (also known as senior year or Senior 4 in the U.S), is the name given to the final year of secondary education in the United States and many other nations. In 98% of American High Schools, students are classified by grade (9th - Freshman, 10th - Sophomore, 11th - Junior, and 12th - Senior).
The final secondary school year is known by different terms around the world. It is simply referred to as the twelfth grade or grade 12 in English Canada); in Malaysia, it is known as the Lower Sixth Form and Upper Sixth Form; in the Republic of Ireland it is known as sixth year; in Singapore it is known as JC2 (Junior College 2). In Australia it is known as Year 12. In India it is known as XII standard or twelfth standard, and in some undergraduate colleges which offer XII standard it can also be known as Second year junior College (SYJC). In New Zealand and Great Britain, grade levels are not used. Instead, the final year of schooling is known as Year 13 in England, and Wales but sixth year in Scotland. In Northern Ireland pupils of this age enter Year 14.
The twelfth grade is the twelfth school year after kindergarten. Students are usually 17 to 18 years old. Twelfth grade is the last year of compulsory secondary education, or "high school" in the U.S.
Members of this grade level are commonly struck by "senioritis".
In most American schools, Seniors graduate several weeks before the end of the traditional school year.
At the end of this school year, there is traditionally a graduation event with the seniors who have completed all of the required work.
In some schools seniors receive their class ring at the beginning of their senior year.
In most schools, seniors sit for formal senior portraits at the beginning of the school year or the summer prior to senior year. These portraits are used in the upcoming graduating class's yearbook. The senior portraits in the yearbook are often in full color and bigger than the smaller black and white pictures typically used for lower grades, some may even have a caption or a quote from the student. Many yearbooks are printed in color. S
Customarily there is a formal dance for this year's students, called senior prom. Some schools hold a combined prom for both juniors and seniors, while others segregate the two grades into separate dances.
Senior skip day (also known as senior ditch day) is a day during which the seniors do not attend school and cut all their classes. This event/tradition is not recognized by school administrations and teachers. In some areas it is countered with an officially recognized senior day off, or by allowing graduating seniors to skip their final examinations ("finals"). This official senior day can also be used to sponsor a "senior trip" where the graduating class would, for example, go to a theme park or some other vacation-type activity.
In England and Wales, "Year 13" (or "Upper Sixth") is the second and last year of A-Level certifications, which are completed at the end of "Year 13" (or "Upper Sixth") Students are usually 16-17 in Year 12 and 17-18 in Year 13. In Northern Ireland this takes place in Years 13 and 14. In both cases, these two years are entirely optional, but generally required for entry into higher education. In Scotland, this is 5th and 6th year. Sufficiently good marks in 5th year may be adequate for entry into higher education (Highers are the entry qualifications to university, of which can be sat in S5, S6 and college, with Advanced highers being the equivalent to year one of university which can be sat following higher exams). There exist specific sixth form colleges dedicated to these years of education, sometimes known as "further education" to distinguish it from both secondary education, which is compulsory, and higher education, which implies university studies.
Prior to 2003, Ontario schools followed with an optional "Grade 13", which comprised the Ontario Academic Credit, a prerequisite for university acceptance in the province. In a collegiate institute, the majority of students would graduate from Grade 13, rather than Grade 12. Students of the grade were known as "Grade 13's" or "13's", never as "seniors" (an American term not used in Ontario).
In Nepal completion of 12 years of education is called Twelfth grade. Which is also known as 10+2 in Nepal. After first 10 years study, student can choose major subject as their future study target like: Science, Management etc.
In Latin America except in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador and some Mexican regions, there is no grade 12; secondary education terminates with 11th grade. In Chile the 12th grade is called "4to (Cuarto) Medio", meaning "Fourth secondary". In Brazil, the 12th grade is called "3º (Terceiro) Ano", is the third grade of the Secondary Education. In the Dominican Republic, the 12th grade is called "4to (Cuarto) de Bachillerato", in that country the high school is know how "Bachillerato".
In Germany, students wishing to take the Abitur usually had to attend a thirteenth grade, but most states are shortening the gymnasium (the university-bound secondary school system in Germany) from nine to eight years.
The equivalent grade in this country is the Terminale, upon completion of which students write a test, the Baccalaureate. French-language schools that teach the French government curriculum (i.e. are part of the French Lyceum network) use the same system of grades as their counterparts in France.
In India, the equivalent grade is referred to as the "twelfth standard" or (in some regions "second year junior college" (SYJC). Most students who pass out of class 12 are 17-18 years old. With the introduction of separate entrance examinations for entry into medicine, engineering and law courses. Entrance exams usually comprise of multiple-choice-questions on physics, chemistry and biology (or mathematics) and are conducted separately on national and state levels. Additionally some highly coveted institutions hold their own entrance tests. These competitive exams are among the toughest in the world and competition is intense, for example over 300,000 students appear for the IIT-JEE exam, competing for 5,500 seats at the IITs. The CBSE and ICSE boards conduct twelfth standard courses nationally, while state boards operate at the state-level.