Türk Hava Yolları
|Hubs:||Atatürk International Airport|
|Secondary Hubs:||Esenboğa International Airport|
Sabiha Gökçen International Airport
|Frequent Flyer:||Miles & Smiles|
Cyprus Turkish Airlines
|Fleet Size:||130 (+105 on order)|
|Destinations:||155 (32 dom + 123 intl)|
|Key People:||Temel Kotil (CEO)|
Candan Karlıtekin (Chairman)
THY - Turkish Airlines, Inc. (Turkish language Türk Hava Yolları Anonim Ortaklığı) is the national airline of Turkey based in Istanbul. It operates a network of scheduled services to 140 international and 35 domestic cities, serving a total of 155 airports, in Europe, Asia, Africa, and America. The airline's main base is at Atatürk International Airport (IST), with secondary hubs at Esenboğa International Airport (ESB), and Sabiha Gökçen International Airport (SAW). In 2006, 2007 and 2008, THY carried 17 million, 19.7 million and 22.5 million passengers with total revenues of US$2.23, US$3.0 and US$4.5billion, respectively. The airline has around 12,000 employees. As of 1 April 2008, THY is an official member of Star Alliance.
Turkish Airlines operates scheduled services to 34 airports in Turkey although 25 of them handle domestic flights only. Ankara is served with 106 flights per week, Izmir with nearly 100, Antalya with 65 and Adana with 55. Ten other domestic cities are served with double daily flights from Istanbul. Turkish Airlines is the leader in the domestic market together with its low-cost spin-off company AnadoluJet. The flag carrier's main rivals are Atlasjet, Onur Air, Pegasus and SunExpress.
The majority of Turkish Airlines international services are operated from Istanbul Ataturk Airport, and around 50 destinations can be reached within three hours. Turkish Airlines’ 107 international destinations are spread across nearly 70 countries. Routes across the North Atlantic serve New York City and Chicago. Major cities served in Asia include Bangkok, Beijing, Hong Kong, Mumbai, New Delhi, Osaka, Seoul, Shanghai, Singapore City and Tokyo.
Turkish Airlines may launch the following routes from Istanbul Atatürk Airport in 2009:
Turkish Airlines have codeshare agreements with the following carriers:
Note: This list includes Star Alliance (SA) partners. Turkish Airlines joined the Star Alliance on 1 April 2008. See bottom of page for the full list of its Star Alliance partners.
|Aircraft||In use||Orders||Passenger Capacity|
|Airbus A310-300||2||210 (18/192)||Domestic and Africa||Two tendered for sale|
|Airbus A310-300F||4||Cargo||Africa, Asia, Europe and the Middle East||Cargo division|
|Airbus A319-100||4||130 (0/130)||Domestic, short haul to Europe|
|Airbus A320-200||22||150 (16/134)||Domestic, short-haul, mid haul|
|Airbus A321-200||21||186/195/202||Short-haul to Africa, Europe, Mid-haul to Caucasia (West Asia), Middle East, Almaty, Karachi||4 have AVOD in|
Economy and Businesshttp://www.airliners.net/aviation-forums/general_aviation/read.main/4252883/
|Airbus A330-200||5||2||250 (22/228)||Africa, Europe, Far East, Middle East and USA||Order delivery in March/April 2009http://www.atwonline.com/news/other.html?issueDate=12%2F18%2F2008|
|Airbus A340-300||9||271 (34/237)||Africa, Far East and USA||2 are leased from ILFC|
AVOD in Economy and Business
|Boeing 737-400||9||150 (12/138)||Domestic||6 are leased out to Anadolujet, 3 more to be transferred|
Being phased out
|Boeing 737-800||51||165 (12/147)||Domestic, short-haul, mid-haul||2 are leased out to Anadolujet, 1 in Star Alliance livery|
|Boeing 777-300ER||3||312 (8/30/274)||Hong Kong,Singapore and Bangkok||Wet leased from Jet Airways for 6months.|
These 777-300ERs are to be dry leased for 25months after wet lease contract for 6months expires. 
On 14 October 2008 Turkish Airlines announced one of the world's largest commercial aircraft purchase tenders . The tender which has since been extended to 17 December 2008 is for the purchase of 105 planes valued at US $6 billion . This will include a firm order for 25 wide-body, long-haul planes and 50 narrow-body, medium-haul aircraft. It would also place options for 10 wide-body and 20 narrow-body aircraft 
Miles & Smiles is the frequent flyer program of Turkish Airlines, started after the airline left Qualiflyer. The earned miles can be used in Turkish Airlines's flights, as well as flights on Lufthansa, including the entire Star Alliance.
The airline's livery is a white fuselage with blue lettering, with a tulip on the fuselage running from the rear of the wing to the tail, and a red tail with the company logo in a white circle.
A modified logo has been introduced. The biggest change is the logo's switch from a red emblem on a white background to a white emblem on a red background.
Turkish Airlines has a maintenance centre at its hub Atatürk International Airport, (IST) in Istanbul. Turkish Airlines Maintenance Center with THY Technic responsible for the maintenance, repair and overhaul of THY's all aircraft, engines, APUs and components.
Turkish Technic are to open a new engine center in SAW, Sabiha Gökçen International Airport. with the foundation of Pratt & Whitney. This facility will provide engine maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) services to customers worldwide. 
During its 75 year history, Turkish Airlines has had three accidents on its international flights, and 18 on domestic flights. They include the following: