For other uses see Ton (disambiguation).
There are several similar units of mass or volume called the ton:
|rowspan=2||Full name||rowspan=2||Common name||colspan=2||Quantity||rowspan=2||Notes|
|long ton, weight ton, gross ton||"ton" (UK)||2240lb||Used in countries such as United Kingdom that formerly used the imperial system|
|short ton, net ton||"ton" (US)||2000lb||Used in North America|
|tonne, metric ton||"metric ton" (US)||1000||In UK and areas that used imperial system, metric ton is the form of ton legal form of trade. Conveniently, it is less than 2% difference from long ton.|
|ton shortweight||2240lb||Used in the iron industry in the 17th century and 18th centuries|
|ton longweight||2400lb||Used in the iron industry in the 17th century and 18th centuries. The hundredweight was 120 lb.|
Both the long ton and the short ton are composed of 20 hundredweight, being 112 and 100 pounds respectively. Prior to the 15th century in England, the ton was composed of 20 hundredweight, each of 108 lb, giving a ton of 2000 pounds.
Assay ton (abbreviation 'AT') is not a unit of measurement, but a standard quantity used in assaying ores of precious metals; it is grams (short assay ton) or grams (long assay ton), the amount which bears the same ratio to a milligram as a short or long ton bears to a troy ounce. In other words, the number of milligrams of a particular metal found in a sample of this size gives the number of troy ounces contained in a short or long ton of ore.
In documents that predate 1960 the word ton is sometimes spelled tonne, but in more recent documents tonne refers exclusively to the metric ton.
In nuclear power plants tHM and MTHM mean tonnes of heavy metals, and MTU means tonnes of uranium. In the steel industry, the abbreviation THM means 'tons/tonnes hot metal', which refers to the amount of liquid iron or steel that is produced, particularly in the context of blast furnace production or specific consumption.
A dry ton or dry tonne has the same mass value, but the material (sludge, slurries, compost, and similar mixtures in which solid material is soaked with or suspended in water) has been dried to a relatively low, consistent moisture level (dry weight). If the material is in its natural, wet state, it is called a wet ton or wet tonne.
In the U.S. mining industry, 'T' is used to distinguish the traditional ton from the tonne, but 'T' is also the SI symbol for the tesla. The symbol 't', traditionally used for the long or short ton, is now reserved for the tonne.
There are units of force based on each of these three mass units, but none are acceptable for use with SI. The tonne force, like the kilogram force, is no exception. Only the tonne as a unit of mass is acceptable for use with SI.
Also see tonnage.
The displacement ton is a unit of volume used for describing the displacement of a ship. It represents the volume of water displaced by the hull. It is usually abbreviated as DT.
The freight ton represents the volume of a truck, train or other freight carrier. In the past it has been used for a cargo ship but the register ton is now preferred. It is equal to 40 cubic feet of space (1.132 cubic metres), but historically it has had several informal definitions. It is correctly abbreviated as 'FT' but some users are now using freight ton to represent a weight of 1 tonne, thus the more common abbreviations are now M/T, MT, or MTON (for measurement ton), which still cause it to be confused with the tonne, or even the megaton.
The register ton is a unit of volume used for the cargo capacity of a ship, defined as 100 cubic feet (roughly 2.83 cubic metres). It is often abbreviated RT or GRT for gross registered ton (The former providing confusion with the refrigeration ton). It is known as a tonneau de mer in Belgium, but, in France, a tonneau de mer is 1.44 cubic metres or about 1.88 cubic yards.
The Panama Canal/Universal Measurement System (PC/UMS) is based on net tonnage, modified for Panama Canal billing purposes. PC/UMS is based on a mathematical formula to calculate a vessel's total volume; a PC/UMS net ton is equivalent to 100 cubic feet of capacity.
The water ton was formerly used in Great Britain and is equal to 224 imperial gallons, the volume occupied by a mass of one long ton under the conditions that define the imperial gallon.
(Note that volume tons are units of convenience used in shipping and are not useful in science except that they are exactly defined.)
Note that these are small calories (cal). The dietary Calorie (Cal) is distinct and equal to one kilocalorie.
Early values for the explosive energy released by trinitrotoluene (TNT) ranged from 900 to 1100 calories per gram. In order to standardise the use of the term TNT as a unit of energy, an arbitrary value was assigned based on 1000 calories (1 kcal, 4.184 kilojoules) per gram. Thus there is no longer a direct connection to the chemical TNT itself. It is now merely a unit of energy that happens to be expressed using words normally associated with mass (e.g. kilogram, tonne, pound).  The definition applies for both spellings: ton of TNT and tonne of TNT.
A Quintal is more comonly used as a measuring unit in india for Agri Purposes*
The unit ton is used in refrigeration and air conditioning to measure heat absorption. Prior to the introduction of mechanical refrigeration, cooling was accomplished by delivering ice. Installing one ton of refrigeration replaced the daily delivery of one ton of ice.
The refrigeration ton is abbreviated as RT, providing scope for confusion with the register ton.
See main article: Truck classification. When light-duty trucks were first produced, they were rated by their payload capacity in tons (e.g., -, - and 1-ton). The Ford F-150, Chevy/GMC 1500, and Dodge 1500 are a -ton. The Ford F-250, Chevy/GMC 2500, and Dodge 2500 are a -ton. The Ford F-350, Chevy/GMC 3500, and Dodge 3500 are a 1-ton. But throughout the years, the payload capacities have increased while the ton title has stayed the same. The current ton rating scheme is just a generic truck name.
A ton is 100 runs in the game of cricket (more commonly known as a century).