|Native Name:||Saint Lucia|
|Common Name:||Saint Lucia|
|National Motto:||"The Land, The People, The Light"|
|National Anthem:||Sons and Daughters of Saint Lucia|
|Official Languages:||English and French Creole|
|Government Type:||Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy|
|Leader Name1:||Elizabeth II|
|Leader Name2:||Dame Pearlette Louisy|
|Leader Title3:||Prime Minister|
|Leader Name3:||Stephenson King|
|Established Date1:||22 February 1979|
|Area Sq Mi:||239|
|Population Estimate Rank:||187th|
|Population Census Year:||2005|
|Population Density Km2:||298|
|Population Density Sq Mi:||672|
|Population Density Rank:||41st|
|Gdp Ppp:||$1.772 billion|
|Gdp Ppp Year:||2007|
|Gdp Ppp Per Capita:||$10,521|
|Gdp Nominal:||$960 million|
|Gdp Nominal Year:||2007|
|Gdp Nominal Per Capita:||$5,700|
|Currency:||East Caribbean dollar|
|Calling Code:||1 758|
Also see: Saint Lucia (disambiguation).
Saint Lucia () is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean. Part of the Lesser Antilles, it is located north/northeast of the islands of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, northwest of Barbados and south of Martinique. Its size is 620 km² with an estimated population of 160,000. Its capital is Castries.
Saint Lucia is one of the Windward Islands, named for Saint Lucy of Syracuse. It was first visited by Europeans in about the year 1500 and first colonized successfully by France who signed a treaty with the native Carib peoples in 1660. Great Britain took control of the island from 1663 to 1667 then went to war with France over it fourteen times, and finally took complete control in 1814. Because it switched so often between British and French control, Lucia was also known as the "Helen of the West Indies" as it was likened to the mythical Helen of Troy. Representative government came about in 1924 (with universal adult suffrage from 1953) and from 1958 to 1962 the island was a member of the Federation of the West Indies. Finally, on February 22, 1979, Saint Lucia became an independent state of the Commonwealth of Nations. The island nation celebrates this every year with a public holiday.
See main article: History of Saint Lucia.
See main article: Politics of Saint Lucia.
See also: Foreign relations of Saint Lucia. As a Commonwealth realm, Saint Lucia recognizes Queen Elizabeth II as the Head of State of Saint Lucia, represented on the island by a Governor-General. Executive power, however, is in the hands of the prime minister and his cabinet. The prime minister is normally the head of the party winning the elections for the House of Assembly, which has 17 seats. The other chamber of Parliament, the Senate, has 11 appointed members.
Saint Lucia is divided into 17 electoral districts for the Parliament, as the 17 seats in the House of Assembly (each with title "Parliamentary Representative"). The 17 electoral districts are:
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Saint Lucia has not 4, as is commonly thought, but 11 quarters, or sections of the island, which were sometimes called "districts" under the British colonial government.
Saint Lucia is divided into 11 quarters:
Note that the quarters are not the electoral districts, as Canaries & Anse La Ray form one electoral district, not two.
See main article: Geography of Saint Lucia. The volcanic island of Saint Lucia is more mountainous than many other Caribbean islands, with the highest point being Mount Gimie, at 950m (3,120feet) above sea level. Two other mountains, the Pitons, form the island's most famous landmark. They are located between Soufrière and Choiseul on the western side of the island. Saint Lucia is also one of the few islands in the world that boasts a drive-in volcano.
The capital city of Saint Lucia is Castries, where about one third of the population lives. Major towns include Gros Islet, Soufrière and Vieux Fort. The local climate is tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds, with a dry season from January to April and a rainy season from May to December.
See main article: Economy of Saint Lucia. .The recent change in the European Union import preference regime and the increased competition from Latin American bananas have made economic diversification increasingly important in Saint Lucia. The island nation has been able to attract foreign business and investment, especially in its offshore banking and tourism industries, which is the island's main source of revenue. The manufacturing sector is the most diverse in the Eastern Caribbean area, and the government is trying to revitalize the banana industry. Despite negative growth in 2001, economic fundamentals remain solid, and GDP growth should recover in the future.
See main article: Demographics of Saint Lucia. The population of Saint Lucia is of mostly African descent (82.5% of the population). There is also a significant Mixed minority representing 11.9%, with Indo-Caribbean or Indian groups at 2.4% and the small European origin minority (descendants of French, British, and Irish colonists). Other or unspecified ethnicity accounts for 3.1%. There are small numbers of Lebanese, Syrians and Chinese.
The official language is English, but a creole language called Antillean Creole is spoken by 80% of the population and is getting increasing usage and official recognition. It evolved from French, African languages, and Carib. Saint Lucia is a member of La Francophonie.
St. Lucia boasts the highest ratio in the world for number of Nobel laureates produced with respect to the total population of the nation. Two winners have come from St. Lucia: Sir Arthur Lewis won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1979, and Derek Walcott received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1992. Both were born on January 23rd, but in different years.
Migration from Saint Lucia is primarily to Anglophone countries, with the United Kingdom (see Saint Lucian British) having almost 10,000 Saint Lucian born citizens, and over 30,000 of Saint Lucian heritage. The second most popular destination for Saint Lucian expatriates is the United States, where combined (foreign and national born Saint Lucians) almost 14,000 reside. Canada is home to a few thousand Saint Lucians, while most other countries in the world have less than 50 citizens of Saint Lucian origin (the exceptions being Spain and France with 124 and 117 Saint Lucian expats respectively).
See main article: Culture of Saint Lucia.
See also: Derek Walcott and Music of Saint Lucia. The culture of Saint Lucia has been influenced by African, French and English heritage. One of the secondary languages is Creole, a form of French patois.
Traditionally, in common with other Caribbean countries, Saint Lucia held a carnival before Lent. In 1999, it was moved to mid-July in order to not to coincide with the much larger Trinidad and Tobago carnival, so as to attract more overseas visitors.
Each May since 1992, Saint Lucia has hosted an internationally-renowned Jazz Festival.
See main article: article and Tourism in Saint Lucia. Tourism is vital to St. Lucia's economy and the economic importance of such is expected to continue to increase as the market for bananas becomes more competitive. Tourism tends to be more substantial during the dry season (January to April). St Lucia tends to be popular due to its tropical weather and scenery and its large number of beaches and resorts.
Other tourist attractions include the world's only drive-in volcano, Sulphur Springs (at Soufriere), the Botanical Gardens, the rain forests and Pigeon Island National Park, which is home to Fort Rodney, an old British military base.
The majority of tourists visit St. Lucia as part of a cruise. Most of their time tends to be spent in Castries, although Soufriere, Marigot Bay and Gros Islet are popular locations to visit. Tourists should venture from the beaten path of shops and beaches and explore the beautiful nature of St. Luica.
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Hilltop view of resort – June 2006
Typical sight in Canaries:
houses on hills, June 2006
St Lucia beach – February 2006
View of Marigot Bay - December 2007
View from the Le Sport
resort – March 2006
Boy lying on sand pile, June 2006
See main article: List of Saint Lucia-related topics.