Rhaeto-Romance languages explained

Rhaeto-Romance languages are a Romance language sub-family which includes multiple languages spoken in North-Eastern Italy, Western Austria and Switzerland.

Some of the varieties are:

Related languages

The family is most closely related to its nearest neighbors: Gallo-Romance (French, Franco-Provençal, Occitan), Gallo-Italian (Piedmontese, Ligurian, Lombard, Emiliano-Romagolo, Venetian), and Istriote. A number of lexical items are shared with Ibero-Romance due to the similar date of latinization for both regions.

Origin

Its origin is as a dialect of the provincial Latin of the central Alps, which were incorporated into the Roman Empire during the reign of Augustus. Before the Roman conquest, this area was Celtic-speaking in the north and Rhaetian-speaking in the south. By the end of the Roman Empire, there was an unbroken region of distinctive Romance speech here, gradually secluded into the high valleys by the encroachment of German from the north and of Italian from the south.

Features

Rhaeto-Romance is distinguished by a number of features which separate it from its neighbors.

Examples

EnglishSurselvanSutselvanSurmeiranPuterValladerRumantsch GrischunFriulianNones (ladin)LatinItalian
goldaurorororor,aur,araurauroraurumoro
harddirdirdeirdürdürdirdûrdurdurusduro
eyeeglîlîglöglögleglvolioceloculusocchio
light, easylevleavlevligerleivlevlizêrlizerlevislieve
threetreistrestreistraistraistraistrêtreitrestre
snowneivnevneivnaivnaivnaivnêfneunix (abl.: nive)neve
wheelrodarodarodaroudaroudarodaruederuedarotaruota
cheesecaschielcaschielcaschielchaschölchaschölchaschielformadiformai (ciasolet)caseolus (formaticus)cacio (formaggio)
housecasatgeasatgesachesachasachasacjaseciasacasacasa
dogtgauntgàntgangchaunchanchauncjanciagncaniscane
legcombatgombatgommachammachommachommagjambegiambagambagamba
chickengaglinagagliegnagaglignagillinagiallinagiaglinagjalinegialinagallinagallina
catgatgiatgiatgiatgiatgiatgjatgiatcatusgatto
alltuttuttottuottuottutduttuttotustutto
shapefuormafurmafurmafuormafuormafurmaformeformaformaforma
Ijeujoujaeaueujaujomiegoio

See also

External links