The Preakness Stakes is an American flat Thoroughbred horse race for three-year-olds held on the third Saturday in May each year at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland. It is a Grade I race run over a distance of 9.5 furlongs on dirt. Colts and geldings carry 126 pounds (57 kg); fillies 121 lb (55 kg). It is the second leg of the US Triple Crown, with the Kentucky Derby preceding it and the Belmont Stakes following it. The horse must win all three races to win the Triple Crown.
The Preakness Stakes has been termed "The Run for the Black-Eyed Susans" because a blanket of Black-eyed Susans (Rudbeckia hirta, the state flower of Maryland) is traditionally placed around the winner's neck. The attendance at the Preakness Stakes ranks second in North America and usually surpasses the attendance of all other stakes races including the Belmont Stakes, the Breeders' Cup and the Kentucky Oaks. The attendance of the Preakness Stakes typically only trails the Kentucky Derby, for more information see American Thoroughbred Racing top Attended Events.
Two years before the Kentucky Derby was run for the first time, Pimlico introduced its new stakes race for three-year-olds, the Preakness, during its first-ever spring race meet in 1873. Former Maryland Governor Oden Bowie named the then mile and one-half (2.41 km) race in honor of the colt Preakness from Milton Holbrook Sanford's Preakness Stables in Preakness, Wayne Township, New Jersey, who won the Dinner Party Stakes on the day Pimlico opened (October 25, 1870). The New Jersey name was said to have come from the Native American name Pra-qua-les ("Quail Woods") for the area. After Preakness won the Dinner Party Stakes, his jockey, Billy Hayward, untied a silk bag of gold coins that hung from a wire stretched across the track from the judges’ stand. This was the supposed way that the “wire” at the finish line was introduced and how the awarding of “purse” money came to be.
The first Preakness, held on May 27, 1873, drew seven starters. John Chamberlain's three-year-old, Survivor, collected the $2,050 winning purse by galloping home easily by 10 lengths. This was the largest margin of victory until 2004, when Smarty Jones won by 11 1/2 lengths.
In 1890 Morris Park Racecourse in the Bronx, New York hosted the Preakness Stakes after which there was no race run for three years. For the 15 years from 1894 through 1908, the race was held at Gravesend Race Track on Coney Island, New York. In 1909 it returned to Pimlico.
In March 2009 Magna Entertainment Corp., which owns Pimlico, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy thus throwing open the possibility the Stakes could move again. On April 13, 2009, the Maryland Legislature approved a plan to buy the Stakes and the Pimlico course if Magna Entertainment cannot find a buyer.
The Preakness is the second leg in American thoroughbred racing's Triple Crown series and almost always attracts the Kentucky Derby winner, some of the other horses that ran in the Derby, and often a few horses that did not start in the Derby. The Preakness is 1 3/16 miles, or 9½ furlongs, compared to the Kentucky Derby, which is 1¼ miles. It is followed by the third leg, the Belmont Stakes, which is 1½ miles.
Since 1932, the order of Triple Crown races has the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes and then the Belmont Stakes. Prior to 1932, the Preakness was run before the Derby eleven times. On May 12, 1917 and again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby were run on the same day.
Today, the Preakness is run on the third Saturday in May, two weeks after the Kentucky Derby.
Just after the horses for the Preakness are called to the post, the audience is invited to sing "Maryland, My Maryland", the official state song of Maryland. Traditionally, the United States Naval Academy Glee Club assembles in the Pimlico infield to lead the song.
As soon as the Preakness winner has been declared official, a painter climbs a ladder to the top of a replica of the Old Clubhouse cupola. The colors of the victorious owner's silks are applied on the jockey and horse that are part of the weather vane atop the infield structure. The practice began in 1909 when a horse and rider weather vane sat atop the old Members' Clubhouse, which was constructed when Pimlico opened in 1870. The Victorian building was destroyed by fire in June 1966. A replica of the old building's cupola was built to stand in the Preakness winner's circle in the infield.
A blanket of yellow flowers daubed with black lacquer to recreate the appearance of a black-eyed Susan (see below) is placed around the winning horse's neck at this time, and a replica of the Woodlawn Vase is given to the winning horse's owner. Should that horse have also won the Kentucky Derby, speculation and excitement immediately begin to mount as to whether that horse will go on to win the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing at the Belmont Stakes in June.
In 1917, the first Woodlawn Vase was awarded to the Preakness winner, who was not allowed to keep it. Eventually a half-size reproduction of the trophy was given to winners to keep permanently. The original trophy is kept at the Baltimore Museum of Art and brought to the race each year under guard, for the winner's presentation ceremony.
In 1940, it was proposed to drape the winning horse in a garland of black-eyed Susans, the state flower of Maryland. This posed a problem, as the race is run nearly two months before the flowers come into bloom in late June or July. At first, yellow daisies were painted to resemble black-eyed Susans; workers switched to chrysanthemums later. Although the Preakness is sometimes referred to as "the race for the black-eyed Susans", no black-eyed Susan is ever used. 
In 1918, 26 horses entered the race, and it was run in two divisions, providing for two winners that year. Currently, the race is limited to 14 horses.
In 1948, the Preakness was televised for the first time by CBS.
The Preakness has been run at seven different distances:
notes: Prior to 1992 all times were measured in 1/5 of a seconds. In 1992 and after technology permitted times to be measured in 1/100 of a second, but all times are rounded down to the nearest 1/5 of a second for comparison purposes.
(Secretariat, the 1973 winner, is credited with running 1:53 2/5 by the Daily Racing Form. However, the timer malfunctioned during that race, stopping the clock at 1:55. Two Daily Racing Form clockers timed Secretariat's Preakness in 1:53 2/5, a new track record. A hearing was held over the time discrepancy, where a video replay proved Secretariat reached the wire before Canonero II, the then-current record holder. But instead of giving Secretariat the record, the Maryland Jockey Club decided to split the difference and make its official time that of the Pimlico's clocker, who timed the race in 1:54 2/5. To this day, the Daily Racing Form holds Secretariat as the record-holder of the fastest Preakness in history, 1:53 2/5. This would give the 1973 winner track records in each leg of the Triple Crown.)
Margin of Victory
Most wins by a jockey:
Most wins by a trainer:
Most wins by an owner:
Five fillies have won the Preakness in 136 races:
(Three fillies have won the Kentucky Derby in 134 races, and three fillies have won the Belmont stakes in 139 races. On average, fillies have won between 2% and 3% of the Triple Crown races, with similar numbers for geldings; while about 95% of these high-stakes races have been won by colts.)
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|Year ||Winner ||Age ||Jockey ||Trainer ||Owner ||Distance |
|Time ||Purse ||Grade |
|2011||Shackleford||3||Dale Romans||Jesus Castanon||Michael Lauffer & W. D. Cubbedge||1-3/16||1:56.47||$1,550,000+||I|
|2010||Lookin At Lucky||3||Martin Garcia||Bob Baffert||Michael Pegram||1-3/16||1:55.47||$1,000,000||I|
|2009||Rachel Alexandra‡||3||Calvin Borel||Steve Asmussen||Stonestreet Stables/H. T. McCormick||1-3/16||1:55.08||$1,100,000+||I|
|2008||Big Brown||3||Kent Desormeaux||Richard Dutrow||IEAH Stables & P. Pompa, Jr.||1-3/16||1:54.86||$1,000,000||I|
|2007||Curlin||3||Robby Albarado||Steve Asmussen||Stonestreet Stables et al.||1-3/16||1:53.46||$1,000,000||I|
|2006||Bernardini||3||Javier Castellano||Tom Albertrani||Darley Stables||1-3/16||1:54.65||$1,000,000||I|
|2005||Afleet Alex||3||Jeremy Rose||Timothy Ritchey||Cash Is King Stable||1-3/16||1:55.04||$1,000,000||I|
|2004||Smarty Jones||3||Stewart Elliott||John Servis||Someday Farm||1-3/16||1:55.59||$1,000,000||I|
|2003||Funny Cide||3||Jose Santos||Barclay Tagg||Sackatoga Stable||1-3/16||1:55.61||$1,000,000||I|
|2002||War Emblem||3||Victor Espinoza||Bob Baffert||The Thoroughbred Corp.||1-3/16||1:56.40||$1,000,000||I|
|2001||Point Given||3||Gary Stevens||Bob Baffert||The Thoroughbred Corp.||1-3/16||1:55.40||$1,000,000||I|
|2000||Red Bullet||3||Jerry Bailey||Joe Orseno||Stronach Stables||1-3/16||1:56.00||$1,000,000||I|
|1999||Charismatic||3||Chris Antley||D. Wayne Lukas||Bob & Beverly Lewis||1-3/16||1:55.20||$1,000,000||I|
|1998||Real Quiet||3||Kent Desormeaux||Bob Baffert||Michael Pegram||1-3/16||1:54.60||$1,000,000||I|
|1997||Silver Charm||3||Gary Stevens||Bob Baffert||Bob & Beverly Lewis||1-3/16||1:54.80||$1,000,000||I|
|1996||Louis Quatorze||3||Pat Day||Nick Zito||Condren/Cornacchia/Hofmann||1-3/16||1:53.40||$800,000||I|
|1995||Timber Country||3||Pat Day||D. Wayne Lukas†||Overbrook/Gainesway/Lewis||1-3/16||1:54.40||$750,000||I|
|1994||Tabasco Cat||3||Pat Day||D. Wayne Lukas||D. P. Reynolds & Overbrook||1-3/16||1:56.40||$750,000||I|
|1993||Prairie Bayou||3||Mike Smith||Tom Bohannan||Loblolly Stable||1-3/16||1:56.60||$750,000||I|
|1992||Pine Bluff||3||Chris McCarron||Tom Bohannan||Loblolly Stable||1-3/16||1:55.60||$750,000||I|
|1991||Hansel||3||Jerry Bailey||Frank L. Brothers||Lazy Lane Farms||1-3/16||1:54.00||$750,000||I|
|1990||Summer Squall||3||Pat Day||Neil J. Howard||Dogwood Stable||1-3/16||1:53.60||$750,000||I|
|1989||Sunday Silence||3||Pat Valenzuela||Charlie Whittingham||H-G-W Partners||1-3/16||1:53.80||$750,000||I|
|1988||Risen Star||3||Ed Delahoussaye||Louie Roussel III||Louie Roussel & R. Lamarque||1-3/16||1:56.20||$700,000||I|
|1987||Alysheba||3||Chris McCarron||Jack Van Berg||Dorothy Scharbauer||1-3/16||1:55.80||$700,000||I|
|1986||Snow Chief||3||Alex Solis||Melvin F. Stute||Carl Grinstead||1-3/16||1:54.80||$700,000||I|
|1985||Tank's Prospect||3||Pat Day||D. Wayne Lukas||Eugene V. Klein||1-3/16||1:53.40||$700,000||I|
|1984||Gate Dancer||3||Angel Cordero, Jr.||Jack Van Berg||Kenneth Opstein||1-3/16||1:53.60||$400,000||I|
|1983||Deputed Testamony||3||Donald Miller, Jr.||J. William Boniface||Bonita Farm||1-3/16||1:55.40||$400,000||I|
|1982||Aloma's Ruler||3||Jack Kaenel||John J. Lenzini, Jr.||Nathan Scherr||1-3/16||1:55.40||$350,000||I|
|1981||Pleasant Colony||3||Jorge Velasquez||John P. Campo||Buckland Farm||1-3/16||1:54.60||$350,000||I|
|1980||Codex||3||Angel Cordero, Jr.||D. Wayne Lukas||Tartan Stable||1-3/16||1:54.20||$300,000||I|
|1979||Spectacular Bid||3||Ronnie Franklin||Bud Delp||Hawksworth Farm||1-3/16||1:54.20||$300,000||I|
|1978||Affirmed †||3||Steve Cauthen||Laz Barrera||Harbor View Farm||1-3/16||1:54.40||$250,000||I|
|1977||Seattle Slew †||3||Jean Cruguet||Bill Turner||Karen L. Taylor||1-3/16||1:54.40||$250,000||I|
|1976||Elocutionist||3||John Lively||Paul T. Adwell||Eugene C. Cashman||1-3/16||1:55.00||$250,000||I|
|1975||Master Derby||3||Darrel McHargue||Smiley Adams||Golden Chance Farm||1-3/16||1:56.40||$250,000||I|
|1974||Little Current||3||Miguel A. Rivera||Lou Rondinello||Darby Dan Farm||1-3/16||1:54.60||$250,000||I|
|1973||Secretariat †||3||Ron Turcotte||Lucien Laurin||Meadow Stable||1-3/16||1:54.40||$250,000||I|
|1972||Bee Bee Bee||3||Eldon Nelson||Del W. Carroll||William S. Farish III||1-3/16||1:55.60||$250,000|
|1971||Canonero II||3||Gustavo Avila||Juan Arias||Edgar Caibett||1-3/16||1:54.00||$250,000|
|1970||Personality||3||Eddie Belmonte||John W. Jacobs||Ethel D. Jacobs||1-3/16||1:56.20||$250,000|
|1969||Majestic Prince||3||Bill Hartack||Johnny Longden||Frank M. McMahon||1-3/16||1:55.60||$250,000|
|1968||Forward Pass||3||Ismael Valenzuela||Henry Forrest||Calumet Farm||1-3/16||1:56.80||$250,000|
|1967||Damascus||3||Bill Shoemaker||Frank Whiteley||Edith W. Bancroft||1-3/16||1:55.20||$250,000|
|1966||Kauai King||3||Don Brumfield||Henry Forrest||Ford Stable||1-3/16||1:55.40||$250,000|
|1965||Tom Rolfe||3||Ron Turcotte||Frank Whiteley||Powhatan Stable||1-3/16||1:56.20||$250,000|
|1964||Northern Dancer||3||Bill Hartack||Horatio Luro||Windfields Farm||1-3/16||1:56.80||$250,000|
|1963||Candy Spots||3||Bill Shoemaker||Mesh Tenney||Rex C. Ellsworth||1-3/16||1:56.20||$250,000|
|1962||Greek Money||3||John L. Rotz||Virgil W. Raines||Brandywine Stable||1-3/16||1:56.20||$250,000|
|1961||Carry Back||3||Johnny Sellers||Jack A. Price||Katherine Price||1-3/16||1:57.60||$250,000|
|1960||Bally Ache||3||Bobby Ussery||Jimmy Pitt||Turfland||1-3/16||1:57.60||$250,000|
|1959||Royal Orbit||3||William Harmatz||Reggie Cornell||Halina Gregory Braunstein||1-3/16||1:57.00||$250,000|
|1958||Tim Tam||3||Ismael Valenzuela||Horace A. Jones||Calumet Farm||1-3/16||1:57.20||$165,000|
|1957||Bold Ruler||3||Eddie Arcaro||Jim Fitzsimmons||Wheatley Stable||1-3/16||1:56.20||$110,000|
|1956||Fabius||3||Bill Hartack||Horace A. Jones||Calumet Farm||1-3/16||1:58.40||$150,000|
|1955||Nashua||3||Eddie Arcaro||Jim Fitzsimmons||Belair Stud||1-3/16||1:54.60||$110,000|
|1954||Hasty Road||3||John H. Adams||Harry Trotsek||Hasty House Farm||1-3/16||1:57.40||$150,000|
|1953||Native Dancer||3||Eric Guerin||Bill Winfrey||Alfred G. Vanderbilt II||1-3/16||1:57.80||$110,000|
|1952||Blue Man||3||Conn McCreary||Woody Stephens||White Oak Stable||1-3/16||1:57.40||$150,000|
|1951||Bold||3||Eddie Arcaro||Preston M. Burch||Brookmeade Stable||1-3/16||1:56.40||$150,000|
|1950||Hill Prince||3||Eddie Arcaro||Casey Hayes||Christopher Chenery||1-3/16||1:59.20||$100,000|
|1949||Capot||3||Ted Atkinson||John M. Gaver, Sr.||Greentree Stable||1-3/16||1:56.00||$150,000|
|1948||Citation †||3||Eddie Arcaro||Horace A. Jones||Calumet Farm||1-3/16||2:02.40||$160,000|
|1947||Faultless||3||Douglas Dodson||Horace A. Jones||Calumet Farm||1-3/16||1:59.00||$160,000|
|1946||Assault †||3||Warren Mehrtens||Max Hirsch||King Ranch||1-3/16||2:01.40||$160,000|
|1945||Polynesian||3||Wayne D. Wright||Morris H. Dixon||Gertrude T. Widener||1-3/16||1:58.80||$110,000|
|1944||Pensive||3||Conn McCreary||Ben A. Jones||Calumet Farm||1-3/16||1:59.20||$100,000|
|1943||Count Fleet †||3||Johnny Longden||Don Cameron||Fannie Hertz||1-3/16||1:57.40||$75,000|
|1942||Alsab||3||Basil James||Sarge Swenke||Mrs. Albert Sabath||1-3/16||1:57.00||$100,000|
|1941||Whirlaway †||3||Eddie Arcaro||Ben A. Jones||Calumet Farm||1-3/16||1:58.80||$75,000|
|1940||Bimelech||3||Fred A. Smith||William J. Hurley||Edward R. Bradley||1-3/16||1:58.60||$75,000|
|1939||Challedon||3||George Seabo||Louis J. Schaefer||William L. Brann||1-3/16||1:59.80||$75,000|
|1938||Dauber||3||Maurice Peters||Richard E. Handlen||Foxcatcher Farms||1-3/16||1:59.80||$75,000|
|1937||War Admiral †||3||Charley Kurtsinger||George Conway||Glen Riddle Farm||1-3/16||1:58.40||$75,000|
|1936||Bold Venture||3||George Woolf||Max Hirsch||Morton L. Schwartz||1-3/16||1:59.00||$50,000|
|1935||Omaha †||3||Willie Saunders||Jim Fitzsimmons||Belair Stud||1-3/16||1:58.40||$50,000|
|1934||High Quest||3||Robert Jones||Robert A. Smith||Brookmeade Stable||1-3/16||1:58.20||$50,000|
|1933||Head Play||3||Charley Kurtsinger||Thomas P. Hayes||Silas B. Mason||1-3/16||2:02.00||$50,000|
|1932||Burgoo King||3||Eugene James||H. J. Thompson||Edward R. Bradley||1-3/16||1:59.80||$90,000|
|1931||Mate||3||George Ellis||James W. Healy||Albert C. Bostwick, Jr.||1-3/16||1:59.00||$90,000|
|1930||Gallant Fox †||3||Earl Sande||Jim Fitzsimmons||Belair Stud||1-3/16||2:00.60||$90,000|
|1929||Dr. Freeland||3||Louis Schaefer||Thomas J. Healey||Walter J. Salmon, Sr.||1-3/16||2:01.60||$90,000|
|1928||Victorian||3||Raymond Workman||James G. Rowe, Jr.||Harry P. Whitney||1-3/16||2:00.20||$90,000|
|1927||Bostonian||3||Whitey Abel||Fred Hopkins||Harry P. Whitney||1-3/16||2:01.60||$100,000|
|1926||Display||3||John Maiben||Thomas J. Healey||Walter J. Salmon, Sr.||1-3/16||1:59.80||$90,000|
|1925||Coventry||3||Clarence Kummer||William B. Duke||Gifford A. Cochran||1-3/16||1:59.00||$90,000|
|1924||Nellie Morse ‡||3||John Merimee||Albert B. Gordon||Bud Fisher||1⅛||1:57.20||$90,000|
|1923||Vigil||3||Benny Marinelli||Thomas J. Healey||Walter J. Salmon, Sr.||1⅛||1:53.60||$90,000|
|1922||Pillory||3||Louis Morris||Thomas J. Healey||Richard T. Wilson, Jr.||1⅛||1:51.60||$90,000|
|1921||Broomspun||3||Frank Coltiletti||James G. Rowe, Sr.||Harry P. Whitney||1⅛||1:54.20||$75,000|
|1920||Man o' War||3||Clarence Kummer||Louis Feustel||Glen Riddle Farm||1⅛||1:51.60||$40,000|
|1919||Sir Barton †||3||Johnny Loftus||H. Guy Bedwell||J. K. L. Ross||1⅛||1:53.00||$40,000|
|1918||War Cloud||3||Johnny Loftus||Walter B. Jennings||A. Kingsley Macomber||1⅛||1:53.60||$20,000|
|1918||Jack Hare, Jr.||3||Charles Peak||Frank D. Weir||W. E. Applegate||1⅛||1:53.40||$20,000|
|1917||Kalitan||3||Everett Haynes||Bill Hurley||Edward R. Bradley||1⅛||1:54.40||$7,500|
|1916||Damrosch||3||Linus McAtee||Albert G. Weston||J. K. L. Ross||1⅛||1:54.80||$2,000|
|1915||Rhine Maiden ‡||3||Douglas Hoffman||Frank Devers||Edward F. Whitney||1⅛||1:58.00||$2,000|
|1914||Holiday||3||Andy Schuttinger||J. Simon Healy||Mrs. A. Barklie||1⅛||1:53.80||$2,000|
|1913||Buskin||3||James Butwell||John Whalen||John Whalen||1⅛||1:53.40||$3,000|
|1912||Colonel Holloway||3||Clarence Turner||Dave Woodford||Beverwyck Stable||1⅛||1:56.60||$2,500|
|1911||Watervale||3||Eddie Dugan||John Whalen||August Belmont, Jr.||1⅛||1:51.00||$4,500|
|1910||Layminster||3||Roy Estep||J. Simon Healy||Edward B. Cassatt||1 mile||1:40.60||$5,500|
|1909||Effendi||3||Willie Doyle||Frank C. Frisbie||W. T. Ryan||1 mile||1:39.80||$5,500|
|1908||Royal Tourist||3||Eddie Dugan||A. Jack Joyner||Harry P. Whitney||1-1/16||1:46.40||$4,000|
|1907||Don Enrique||3||George Mountain||John Whalen||August Belmont, Jr.||1-1/16||1:45.40||$3,800|
|1906||Whimsical ‡||3||Walter Miller||Tim J. Gaynor||Tim J. Gaynor||1-1/16||1:45.00||$3,800|
|1905||Cairngorm||3||Willie Davis||A. Jack Joyner||Sydney Paget||1-1/16||1:45.80||$3,600|
|1904||Bryn Mawr||3||Gene Hildebrand||W. Fred Presgrave||Goughacres Stable||1-1/16||1:44.20||$3,800|
|1903||Flocarline ‡||3||William Gannon||H. C. Riddle||M. H. Tichenor||1-1/16||1:44.80||$3,000|
|1902||Old England||3||L. Jackson||Green B. Morris||Green B. Morris||1-1/16||1:45.80||$3,750|
|1901||The Parader||3||F. Landry||Thomas J. Healey||Richard T. Wilson, Jr.||1-1/16||1:47.20||$2,650|
|1900||Hindus||3||Henry Spencer||John H. Morris||George J. Long||1-1/16||1:48.40||$3,000|
|1899||Half Time||3||Richard Clawson||Frank McCabe||Philip J. Dwyer||1-1/16||1:47.00||$2,500|
|1898||Sly Fox||3||Willie Simms||Hardy Campbell, Jr.||Charles F. Dwyer||1-1/16||1:49.75||$2,400|
|1897||Paul Kauvar||3||T. Thorpe||Thomas P. Hayes||Thomas P. Hayes||1-1/16||1:51.25||$2,400|
|1896||Margrave||3||Henry Griffin||Byron McClelland||August Belmont, Jr.||1-1/16||1:51.00||$2,250|
|1895||Belmar||3||Fred Taral||Edward Feakes||Preakness Stables||1-1/16||1:50.50||$2,250|
|1894||Assignee||3||Fred Taral||William Lakeland||James & Foxhall Keene||1-1/16||1:49.25||$3,000|
|1893||No Race||3||No Race||No Race||No Race||no race||0:00.00||no race|
|1892||No Race||3||No Race||No Race||No Race||no race||0:00.00||no race|
|1891||No Race||3||No Race||No Race||No Race||no race||0:00.00||no race|
|1890||Montague||3||Willie Martin||Edward Feakes||Preakness Stables||1½||2:36.75||$2,000|
|1889||Buddhist||3||George Anderson||John W. Rogers||Samuel S. Brown||1¼||2:17.50||$2,000|
|1888||Refund||3||Fred Littlefield||R. W. Walden||R. W. Walden||1½||2:49.00||$2,000|
|1887||Dunboyne||3||William Donohue||William Jennings||William Jennings||1½||2:39.50||$2,500|
|1886||The Bard||3||S. Fisher||John Huggins||A. J. Cassatt||1½||2:45.00||$3,000|
|1885||Tecumseh||3||Jim McLaughlin||Charles Littlefield||W. Donohue||1½||2:49.00||$3,000|
|1884||Knight of Ellerslie||3||S. Fisher||Thomas Doswell||R. Hancock & T. Doswell||1½||2:39.50||$3,000|
|1883||Jacobus||3||George Barbee||R. Dwyer||James E. Kelley||1½||2:42.50||$2,500|
|1882||Vanguard||3||Tom Costello||R. W. Walden||George L. Lorillard||1½||2:44.50||$2,000|
|1881||Saunterer||3||Tom Costello||R. W. Walden||George L. Lorillard||1½||2:40.50||$3,000|
|1880||Grenada||3||Lloyd Hughes||R. W. Walden||George L. Lorillard||1½||2:40.50||$3,000|
|1879||Harold||3||Lloyd Hughes||R. W. Walden||George L. Lorillard||1½||2:40.50||$4,000|
|1878||Duke of Magenta||3||C. Holloway||R. W. Walden||George L. Lorillard||1½||2:41.75||$3,500|
|1877||Cloverbrook||3||C. Holloway||Jeter Walden||E. A. Clabaugh||1½||2:45.50||$2,500|
|1876||Shirley||3||George Barbee||W. Brown||Pierre Lorillard IV||1½||2:44.75||$3,000|
|1875||Tom Ochiltree||3||Lloyd Hughes||R. W. Walden||John F. Chamberlain||1½||2:43.50||$3,000|
|1874||Culpepper||3||William Donohue||Hugh Gaffney||Hugh Gaffney||1½||2:56.50||$3,000|
|1873||Survivor||3||George Barbee||A. Davis Pryor||John F. Chamberlain||1½||2:43.00||$3,000|
See also: Triple Crown Productions.A † designates a Triple Crown Winner.
Note: D. Wayne Lukas swept the 1995 Triple Crown with two different horses.
In 2006, Kentucky Derby Winner Barbaro broke down in the first 100 yards of the Preakness. Bernardini went on to win the prestigious event. Barbaro survived his injuries and was cared for at the New Bolton Center of the University of Pennsylvania but was euthanized January 29, 2007 due to complications from laminitis. This year's ninth race is now called the Barbaro Stakes in his honor.
MI Developments Inc. announced August 27, 2010 a special bonus program involving tracks owned by the company that could result in a $5.5 million bonus for the winner of the 2011 Preakness Stakes. MID also announced that purses of the Florida Derby and Santa Anita Derby would both be increased to $1 million. MID said the "historic and unique bonus program" called "Preakness 5.5" is designed to "allow both east and west coast based 3-year-olds to qualify by having the preliminary races at Gulfstream Park, Santa Anita Park and Golden Gate Fields."
In addition to the purses earned in the qualifying races and the Preakness on May 21, 2011, the owner of a horse winning the bonus would receive $5 million and the trainer would get $500,000. "The purpose of this grand prize is to provide a spectacular event for the fans and to create a potential life changing experience for the stakeholders of the racing industry," Frank Stronach, chairman of MID, said in a statement.
To qualify for the Preakness 5.5 at Gulfstream Park, a horse must win either the Holy Bull Stakes or the Fountain of Youth Stakes and then go on to win the Florida Derby on April 3, 2011. To qualify for the Preakness 5.5 at Santa Anita Park, a horse must win either the Robert B. Lewis Stakes or San Felipe Stakes and then go on to win the Santa Anita Derby. The winner of the El Camino Real Derby, which is scheduled to be run on Feb. 12, 2011 at Golden Gate Fields, will also qualify for the Preakness 5.5 if it goes on to win the Santa Anita Derby.
MID also announced that XpressBet will sponsor the XpressBet.55, a consolation prize of $550,000 ($500,000 to the owner and $50,000 to the trainer) to be awarded to the winner of the 2011 Preakness if that horse was not eligible for the Preakness $5.5 million bonus but was a runner in one of the initial qualifying races and finished first, second, or third at the Santa Anita Derby or Florida Derby.
Paths to $5,500,000 Preakness Bonus:
1) win Holy Bull Stakes + win the Florida Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
2) win Fountain of Youth Stakes + win the Florida Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
3) win Robert B. Lewis Stakes + win the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
4) win San Felipe Stakes + win the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
5) win El Camino Real Derby + win the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
Paths to $550,000 XpressBet Bonus:
1) run in Holy Bull Stakes + win, place or show in the Florida Derby or win, place or show in the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
2) run in Fountain of Youth Stakes + win, place or show in the Florida Derby or win, place or show in the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
3) run in Robert B. Lewis Stakes + win, place or show in the Florida Derby or win, place or show in the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
4) run in San Felipe Stakes + win, place or show in the Florida Derby or win, place or show in the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
5) run in El Camino Real Derby + win, place or show in the Florida Derby or win, place or show in the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes