Northern America Explained

For other uses see Northern America (disambiguation).

Northern America

Area21 780 142 km²
Population334 659 631
(Jul. 2007 est.)
GDP$12.776 478 3 trillion
(PPP, 2005 est.)
Major languagesEnglish, Spanish, French, Danish, Greenlandic, and various Recognised regional languages.
Time zonesUTC (Danmarkshavn, Greenland) to
UTC -10:00 (west Aleutians)
Largest urban agglomerations

Northern America (French: Amérique septentrionale) is the northernmost region of the Americas, and is part of the North American continent. It lies directly north of the region of Middle America; the land border between the two regions coincides with the border between the United States and Mexico. Geopolitically, according to the scheme of geographic regions and subregions used by the United Nations, Northern America consists of:[1] [2]


United States

Greenland, a self-governing island of Denmark

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, an overseas territory of France

Bermuda, an overseas territory of the United Kingdom


Maps using the term Northern America date back to 1755, when the region was occupied by France, Great Britain, and Spain.[3] Today, Northern America includes the Canada-US dyad, developed countries that exhibit very high human development and intense economic integration while sharing many socioeconomic characteristics, including increasingly divergent demographic patterns (e.g., fertility levels).[4]

Hawaii is a US state located in the central Pacific Ocean, southwest of the continental US on the North American mainland. Physiographically and ethnologically, the Hawaiian archipelago is often included with the other Polynesian territories of Oceania.

See also

Notes and References

  1. Definition of major areas and regions
  2. Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings
  3. [Jacques-Nicolas Bellin|Bellin, Jacques-Nicolas]
  4. Torrey, Barbara Boyle & Eberstadt, Nicholas. 2005 (Aug./Sep.). "The Northern America Fertility Divide." Hoover Institution Policy Review. No. 132.