Northern America Explained

Northern America is the northernmost region of the Americas, and is part of the North American continent. It lies directly north of the region of Middle America;[1] the land border between the two regions coincides with the border between the United States and Mexico. Geopolitically, according to the scheme of geographic regions and subregions used by the United Nations, Northern America consists of:[2] [3]

United States

Canada

Bermuda, an overseas territory of the United Kingdom

Greenland, a self-governing island that is part of the Kingdom of Denmark

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, an overseas territory of France

Definitions

Maps using the term Northern America date back to 1755, when the region was occupied by France, Great Britain, and Spain.[4] The Solemn Act of the Declaration of Independence of Northern America in 1813 applied to Mexico.Today, Northern America includes the Canada-US dyad, developed countries that exhibit very high human development and intense economic integration while sharing many socioeconomic characteristics, including increasingly divergent demographic patterns (e.g., fertility levels).[5]

Hawaii is a US state in located in the central Pacific Ocean, southwest of the continental US on the North American mainland. Physiographically and ethnologically, the Hawaiian archipelago is often included with the other Polynesian territories of Oceania. However, it is often included in Northern America also since it is a state of the United States.

Countries and territories

Country or territoryArea
(km²)[6]
PopulationPopulation density
(per km²)
Capital
(UK)1203.7Hamilton
3.4Ottawa
(Den.)0.026Nuuk (Godthåb)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Fr.)24.8Saint-Pierre
[7] 32.7Washington, D.C.

Demographics

YearPopulation of
Northern America
Canada population,
% of Northern America
U.S. population,
% of Northern America
1950171,615,00013,737,0008%157,813,00092%
1960204,318,000+19.1%17,909,0008.8%186,326,00091.2%
1970231,284,000+13.2%21,717,0009.4%209,464,00090.6%
1980254,454,000+10.0%24,516,0009.6%229,825,00090.4%
1990281,162,000+10.5%27,701,0009.9%253,339,00090.1%
2000313,289,000+11.4%30,667,0009.8%282,496,00090.2%
2010344,529,000+10.0%34,017,0009.9%310,383,00090.1%

See also

Notes and References

  1. Gonzalez, Joseph. 2004. "Northern America: Land of Opportunity" (ch. 6). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Geography. (ISBN 1592571883) New York: Alpha Books; pp. 57-8
  2. http://esa.un.org/migration/index.asp?panel=3 Definition of major areas and regions
  3. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49regin.htm Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings
  4. [Jacques-Nicolas Bellin|Bellin, Jacques-Nicolas]
  5. Torrey, Barbara Boyle & Eberstadt, Nicholas. 2005 (Aug./Sep.). "The Northern America Fertility Divide." Hoover Institution Policy Review. No. 132.
  6. Unless otherwise noted, land area figures are taken from
  7. Includes the U.S. state of Hawaii, which is distant from the North American landmass in the Pacific Ocean and therefore more commonly associated with the other territories of Oceania.