Norm Macdonald Explained

Norm Macdonald
Birth Date:17 October 1963
Birth Place:Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
Birth Name:Norman Gene Macdonald
Medium:Stand-up, television, film
Nationality:Canadian
Active:1987–present
Genre:Satire, political satire, current events, observational comedy
Subject:American culture, American politics, current events, pop culture, sports, mass media/news media/media criticism
Influences:Don Rickles, Bob Newhart[1]
Spouse:Connie Macdonald (1988-?) (divorced) 1 child
Notable Work:Weekend Update anchor on Saturday Night Live
Norm Henderson on The Norm Show
Lucky in Dr. Dolittle
Norm the Genie in The Fairly Oddparents
Host of Sports Show with Norm Macdonald

Norman Gene "Norm" Macdonald[2] (born October 17, 1963) is a Canadian stand-up comedian, writer, producer and actor. He is best known for his five seasons as a cast member on Saturday Night Live, which included anchoring Weekend Update for three years. Early in his career, he wrote for the sitcom Roseanne and made appearances on shows including The Drew Carey Show and NewsRadio. He also starred in The Norm Show from 1999 to 2001. Comedy Central named him #83 on the five-part miniseries 100 Greatest Stand-ups of All Time. He is noted as one of Conan O'Brien's favorite and most frequent guests on his various talk shows. His brother is Canadian journalist Neil Macdonald, of CBC News' Washington, D.C. bureau.[3]

Starting February 26, 2011, Macdonald became the new host of High Stakes Poker on Game Show Network.[4] He also hosted Sports Show with Norm Macdonald on Comedy Central, which began airing on April 12, 2011. It was announced on June 7, 2011, that the Sports Show would not be renewed for a second season, reportedly due to low ratings,[5] even though Sports Show steadily averaged one-million viewers per episode.[6] [7]

Early life

Macdonald was born and raised in Quebec City. His father was Percy Macdonald, a Scottish-Canadian who served with the Canadian Army during World War II and helped liberate the Netherlands. His mother is Ferns Macdonald (née Mains). Macdonald has two brothers, Leslie and Neil, who are both journalists with the CBC.[8] [9]

In the early 1970s, Macdonald attended grade school where his parents taught at Alexander Wolff School, on Canadian Forces Base Valcartier, outside Quebec City. Macdonald has said that he was a student in his father's class, and that he had to call him "Mr. Macdonald" while in class. His father, often described as a very strict man, was his homeroom teacher for two years (grades 6 and 7). After completing 7th grade, Macdonald attended Quebec High School in Quebec City.

Early career

Macdonald began performing stand-up at clubs in Ottawa. His first big break was at the 1987 Just For Laughs Comedy Festival in Montreal.[10]

Saturday Night Live

Macdonald joined the cast of NBC's Saturday Night Live (SNL) television program in 1993, where he performed impressions of Larry King, Burt Reynolds, David Letterman, Charles Kuralt and Bob Dole, among others. Following Kevin Nealon's departure from SNL, Macdonald anchored the segment Weekend Update. Chevy Chase, the first anchor of Weekend Update, has opined that Macdonald was the "best Weekend Update anchor since - well - Chevy Chase".

Macdonald's version of Weekend Update often included repeated references to prison rape, crack whores and the Germans' love of Baywatch star David Hasselhoff. Macdonald would occasionally deliver a piece of news, then take out his personal compact tape recorder and leave a "note to self" relevant to what he just discussed. He also commonly and inexplicably used Frank Stallone as a non sequitur punchline. Macdonald repeatedly ridiculed public figures such as Michael Jackson and O. J. Simpson. Throughout Simpson's trial for murder, Macdonald constantly pilloried the former football star, often heavily implying Simpson was guilty of the brutal slaying of his wife Nicole and her friend Ronald Goldman. In the broadcast following Simpson's acquittal, Macdonald opened Weekend Update by saying: "Well, it's official: murder is legal in the state of California." During the February 24, 1996 episode, Macdonald made a controversial joke about the sentencing of John Lotter, one of the two men who committed the notorious murder of Teena Brandon: "In Nebraska, a man was sentenced to death for killing a female crossdresser, who accused him of rape, and two of her friends. Excuse me if this sounds harsh, but in my mind, they all deserved to die."[11] [12]

After the announcement that Michael Jackson and Lisa Marie Presley planned to divorce, Macdonald joked about their irreconcilable differences on Weekend Update: "She's more of a stay-at-home type, and he's more of a homosexual pedophile." He followed this up a few episodes later with a report about the singer's recent collapse and hospitalization. Referring to a report of how Jackson had decorated his hospital room with giant photographs of Shirley Temple, Macdonald remarked that viewers should not get the wrong idea, adding, "We'd like to remind you that Michael Jackson is, in fact, a homosexual pedophile." The joke elicited audible gasps from some audience members. He responded to this by saying, "What? He is a homosexual pedophile."[13]

Macdonald's time with Saturday Night Live effectively ended in late 1997, when he was fired from the Weekend Update segment upon the insistence of NBC West Coast Executive Don Ohlmeyer, who pressured the producers to remove him, explaining that Macdonald was "not funny." Some believe that Don Ohlmeyer's friendship with O.J. Simpson — a celebrity whom Macdonald often antagonized on the show — may have fueled Ohlmeyer's decision,[14] [15] but Macdonald has been quoted as saying that he "finds that thesis 'weird' and takes Ohlmeyer's explanation at face value".[14]

On February 28, 1998, one of his last appearances on SNL occurred as host of a fictitious TV show called Who's More Grizzled?, who asked questions of "mountain men" played by that night's host Garth Brooks and special guest Robert Duvall. In the sketch, Brooks's character said to Macdonald's character, "I don't much care for you," to which Macdonald replied, "A lot of people don't."

In a Late Show with David Letterman interview, Macdonald said that after being fired, he could not "do anything else on any competing show."[16]

Macdonald went on the Celebrity Jeopardy! sketch on the 34th season finale of SNL when Will Ferrell hosted. Macdonald reprised the impression of Burt Reynolds that he did when he was a regular cast member.

Characters on SNL

Celebrity impersonations

Later work

Soon after leaving Saturday Night Live, Macdonald co-wrote and starred in the "revenge comedy" Dirty Work (1998), with Jack Warden, Don Rickles, Chevy Chase, Chris Farley, Artie Lange and Adam Sandler. Later that year, Macdonald voiced the character of Lucky the dog in the Eddie Murphy remake of Dr. Dolittle. He reprised the role in both Dr. Dolittle 2 (2001) and Dr. Dolittle 3 (2006). Macdonald voiced the character of Death on an episode of Family Guy. Due to a conflict with his stand-up comedy schedule, he was unavailable to voice the character for his next appearance; Death has since been voiced by Adam Carolla. In 1999, Macdonald starred in the sitcom The Norm Show (later renamed Norm), co-starring Laurie Metcalf, Artie Lange and Ian Gomez. It ran for three seasons on ABC. Macdonald voiced Hardee's restaurants' (Carl's Jr. on the U.S. west coast) costumed mascot, the Hardee's star in advertisements. Macdonald also appeared on several Miller Lite commercials that year. He appeared on the September 1999 Saturday Night Live primetime special celebrating the program's 25th year on the air. Macdonald was one of only three former Weekend Update anchors to introduce a retrospective on the segment (the others being Chevy Chase and Dennis Miller).

Macdonald returned to Saturday Night Live to host the October 23, 1999 show. In his opening monologue, he expressed resentment at having been fired, then concluded that the only reason he was asked to host was because "the show has gotten really bad" since he left.[20] The next episode, airing November 6, 1999 and hosted by Dylan McDermott, featured a sketch where Chris Kattan, as the androgynous character Mango, is opening letters from celebrity admirers and, after opening the last one, says "[the letter is from] Norm Macdonald, who is that?" Also in 1999, Macdonald made a cameo appearance in the Andy Kaufman biopic Man on the Moon. When Michael Richards refused to portray himself in the scene re-enacting the famous Fridays incident where Kaufman throws water in his face, Macdonald stepped in to play Richards, although he is never referred to by name.

On Macdonald's first appearance on The Daily Show after Jon Stewart took over, he caused controversy when he said "I'm really glad to see you're hosting the show, man. I hated that other guy." In a previous interview, Macdonald retorted: "I hate that . . . [expletive] 'Daily Show.' I know you critics love it, but it just seems like the most obvious type of comedy." After Jon Stewart got the job he explained his previous comments. "I was joking," he contended. "I love 'The Daily Show.' And I love Jon Stewart. But in print, you can't italicize irony, know what I mean? It's all just words. A guy could say right now: 'I hate David Letterman. I really hate him.' And you could print that. But don't print it."

In 2000, Macdonald starred in his second motion picture, Screwed, which, like Dirty Work, fared poorly at the box office.

On November 12, 2000, Macdonald appeared on the Celebrity Edition of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? winning $500,000.00 for Paul Newman's Charity Camp. Macdonald could have won a million dollars, but admitted he was too nervous to go for it. Had he done so, his initial guess at the million dollar question (The Greenbrier) would have been correct. Prior to entering the Hot Seat, he got his own personalized Fastest Finger question, which asked him to "Put the following letters in order to spell a popular man's name", with the four answers being all four letters in his name, spelled out in order as the correct order.

Macdonald continued to make appearances on television shows and in films, including , and The Animal, all of which starred fellow Saturday Night Live alumnus Rob Schneider and were produced by Adam Sandler. In 2003 he played the title character in the Fox sitcom A Minute with Stan Hooper, which was canceled after six episodes.

In 2005, Macdonald signed a deal with Comedy Central to create a new sketch comedy pilot called Back to Norm, which debuted that May. The pilot was never turned into a series. Its infamous cold opening parodied the suicide of Budd Dwyer, a Pennsylvania politician who, facing decades of incarceration, committed suicide on live television in 1987. Rob Schneider appeared in the pilot. Also in 2005, Macdonald performed as a voice actor, portraying a genie named Norm, on two episodes of the cartoon series The Fairly Odd Parents. But he could not return for the third episode, "Fairy Idol", due to a scheduling conflict. In 2006, Macdonald again performed as a voice actor, this time in a series of commercials for Canadian cellphone services provider Bell Mobility, as the voice of "Frank the Beaver". The campaign had a commercial tie-in with the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin and with the 2006 Stanley Cup Playoffs. The ads ran heavily on CBC during the Olympics and throughout the National Hockey League's postseason. Due to its success, the campaign was extended throughout 2006, 2007 and into 2008 to promote offerings from other Bell Canada divisions such as Bell Sympatico Internet provider and Bell TV satellite service.[21] In August 2008, the new management at Bell decided that they would go in a different direction with advertising, and would no longer be using the beavers.

In September 2006, Macdonald's sketch comedy album, Ridiculous, was released by Comedy Central Records. It features appearances by Will Ferrell, Jon Lovitz, Tim Meadows, Molly Shannon and Artie Lange. On September 14, 2006, Macdonald appeared on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart to promote Ridiculous. During the appearance, Macdonald made some jokes about the recent death of Steve Irwin, the Crocodile Hunter. Stewart, holding back laughter, asked Norm to change the subject, but he kept going and Stewart kept trying to hold back the laughter. Macdonald was a guest character on My Name Is Earl in the episode "Two Balls, Two Strikes" as "Lil Chubby", the son of "Chubby" (played by Burt Reynolds), similar to Macdonald's portrayals of Reynolds on SNL.

In the 2007 World Series of Poker, he came in 20th place out of 827 entrants in the $3,000 No Limit Texas Hold 'em event, winning $14,608.[22] He also made it to round two of the $5,000 World Championship of Heads-Up No-Limit Hold'em. On the comedy website, Super Deluxe, he has created an animated series entitled "The Fake News".[23] Norm has filled in during Dennis Miller's weekly O'Reilly Factor "Miller Time" segment on January 2, 2008, and guest-hosted Dennis Miller's radio show on January 3, 2008. Norm had also been a regular contributor on Miller's show every Friday, prior to an unexplained absence that left Miller wondering on-air if the show had somehow miffed Norm. Macdonald returned after many months on May 30, 2008, but not before missing a scheduled appearance the day before. He also hosted Miller's radio show for the second time on July 16, 2008, along with friend Stevie Ray Fromstein.

On June 19, 2008, Macdonald was a celebrity panelist on two episodes of a revived version of the popular game show Match Game, which was taped at CBS Television City in Los Angeles. The new version featured the same set used in the early years of the 1970s version and also starred comedienne Sarah Silverman as a fellow celebrity panelist.[24] On August 17, 2008, Norm was a participant in the Comedy Central Roast of Bob Saget, performing intentionally cheesy and G-rated material that contrasted greatly with the raunchy performances of the other roasters. In AT&T commercials around Christmas 2007 and 2008, Macdonald voiced a gingerbread boy wanting a prepaid mobile phone from his dad (voiced by Steve Buscemi), who repeatedly rebuilds his house because "people won't stop eating it".[25] The ad was for AT&T's GoPhone. Norm is working on a program for the FX network called The Norm Macdonald Reality Show, in which he plays a fictional, down-on-his-luck version of himself.[26] On the May 16, 2009, episode of Saturday Night Live, Macdonald reappeared as Burt Reynolds on Celebrity Jeopardy!. He also appeared in another sketch later on playing the guitar. On May 31, 2009, he appeared on Million Dollar Password.

Macdonald became a frequent guest on The Tonight Show With Conan O'Brien during its 2009 and 2010 run. Norm was among the first guests on O'Brien's Tonight Show, and appeared also during the show's final week. Initially, The Tonight Show faced network opposition to bringing Norm on so early in the show's run, and Norm having nothing but local stand-up appearances to promote on-air. Despite this, O'Brien's insistence prevailed and Norm's first and subsequent appearances were highlights of O'Brien's brief Tonight Show run. Norm was a guest on Conan's new TBS show, Conan on May 17, 2011. Macdonald has also made frequent appearances on the internet talk show Tom Green's House Tonight, and on May 20, 2010, he guest hosted the show.

In September 2010, it was reported that Macdonald was developing a new series for Comedy Central that he described as a sports version of The Daily Show.[27] As of April 2011, the show was titled Sports Show with Norm Macdonald and premiered on April 12 on Comedy Central.[28] The Sports Show was not renewed, reportedly due to low ratings, after all nine ordered episodes were broadcast. Macdonald's first stand-up special, Me Doing Stand-Up, aired on Comedy Central on March 26.[29] On May 23, 2011 Comedy Central announced the release an audio CD and DVD of the special on June 14 on Comedy Central Records, and Home Entertainment.[30] The CD will be made available digitally and physically. Both releases will contain uncensored and unseen material from the special, and the DVD features will include the sitcom pilot Back To Norm, an animated featurette The Twelve Days Of Christmas, and Norm's appearance on The Comedy Central Roast of Bob Saget.[31]

Macdonald is currently the commentator and co-host of the seventh season of High Stakes Poker on Game Show Network along with Kara Scott.

Politics

Despite referring to himself as apolitical, Macdonald has made controversial references to politically-charged issues. At the end of the last Weekend Update segment before the 1996 presidential election, Norm urged viewers to vote for Bob Dole (of whom Macdonald frequently performed a comic impersonation), though hinting that he had solely said it so that he could continue impersonating him.

On the November 16, 2000 episode of The View Macdonald said that he thought George W. Bush was "a decent man" and he called Bill Clinton a "murderer" (regarding the Vince Foster case). Macdonald later stated in Maxim magazine that he is completely apolitical, and that he was joking when he said Clinton "killed a guy" (he further explained on The Adam Carolla Show that the comments were simply designed to anger Barbara Walters). In a phone interview he later clarified his views on George W. Bush and the Iraq war thusly: "I wish there was another president, a different president engaging the war, since we're in the war because I don't think Bush did a very good job with it. The war itself, you know, if it works it was worth it. But I don't know if it's going to work, so I don't know."[32]

In 2003, Macdonald appeared on Barbara Walters's program The View, publicly renouncing his Canadian citizenship as a joke over his home country's decision not to participate in the Iraq War, stated his belief that Ronald Reagan was the greatest president ever and said that he would be becoming a naturalized citizen of the United States. Later he affirmed that he was joking about renouncing his Canadian citizenship, stating in a telephone interview that "I'm not an American citizen. I'm a Canadian citizen. I just keep renewing my green card... I don't want to be American." He further burnished his apolitical stance in regards to both America and Canada saying that he was not eligible to vote in American elections and never voted in Canadian elections either: "I figured since I never did when I was in Canada... I never voted because I don't want to make a mistake. I'm so uninformed that I don't want that on my hands, you know?"[32]

On the January 2, 2008 episode of The O'Reilly Factor, Macdonald stated that he is "very pro-life, but against the death penalty." His friend Artie Lange would soon afterwards confirm these opinions as sincere on The Howard Stern Show.

Views on comedy

Speaking about Canada's homegrown comedy industry, Macdonald reflected that he would have liked there to have been more opportunity for him to stay in the country early in his career, stating:

"Now I know there's more of, like, an industry there. Like, I was happy that Brent Butt got that show. Because he's a really funny guy. But there wasn't that opportunity when I was there. I remember Mike McDonald had one short-lived series, but that was about it. Otherwise there was nothing to do. But it was great with standup. It was way, way better with standup than in the States. Like, I think the standups are generally much better in Canada. Because, like, when I was in Canada, none of us had any ambition to movies or TV because there were no movies or television. So it was all standup and we just assumed we'd be standups for our whole lives and that was what was fun. And then when I came to the States, I realized, whoa, they don't take their standup very seriously here because they're just trying to do something other than standup and using standup as, like, a springboard to something else that they're generally not as good at."[32]

Reflecting on the state of modern comedy, Macdonald bemoans the influx of dramatic actors into comedy and comedians into dramatic acting:

"What young, handsome person is funny? I remember on Saturday Night Live hosts would come in. You know, like handsome hosts. They'd be dramatic actors generally. And the publicist would always be like, 'This is a big chance for this guy because he's really a funny guy and people don't know it. He's hilarious!' And then he'd just suck, you know?...I always liked Steve Martin when he was crazy. Because dramatic actors know how to be likeable and stuff. To me, if you've got a guy like Steve Martin or Jim Carrey or something, who are unbelievably funny, I don't know why they'd want to be dramatic actors when they have no chance. They're completely outclassed by actual dramatic actors. How many funny comedy actors are there? There's like a million great dramatic actors. I don't know why they'd want to switch. I guess to get respect or something, I don't know."[32]

Filmography

YearTitleRole
1993The Jackie Thomas Show (TV series)Jordan
1993–1998Saturday Night Live (TV series)Various
1995Billy MadisonFrank
1996The People vs. Larry FlyntNetwork Reporter
1996The Drew Carey Show (TV series)Simon Tate
1997NewsRadio (TV series)Roger
1998Dirty WorkMitch Weaver
1998Dr. DolittleLucky (voice)
1999Bartender
1999Man on the MoonMichael Richards in Fridays
1999The Norm Show (TV series)Norm Henderson
2000Family Guy (TV series)Death (voice) - episode "Death Is A Bitch"
2000ScrewedWillard Fillmore
2001The AnimalMob Member
2001Dr. Dolittle 2Lucky (voice; uncredited)
2003A Minute with Stan Hooper (TV series)Stan Hooper
2004Oliver Beene (TV series)Hobo Bob
2005Back to Norm (TV)Various
2005Earl McManus
2005The Fairly OddParents (TV series)Norm the Genie
2006Farce of the PenguinsJoin Twosomes Penguin (voice)
2006Dr. Dolittle 3Lucky (voice/uncredited)
2007Senior Skip DayMr. Rigetti
2007My Name Is Earl (TV series)Little Chubby
2008The Comedy Central Roast of Bob SagetHimself
2008Lucky (voice; uncredited)
2009Funny PeopleCameo
2009My Name Is Earl (TV series)Little Chubby
2009The Norm Macdonald Reality Show (TV series)Self
2010Grown UpsGeezer
2011High Stakes Poker (TV series)Presenter
2011Sports Show with Norm Macdonald (TV Series)Host
2011Jack & JillFunbucket
2010-2011The Middle (TV Series)Rusty Heck - episodes: "Thanksgiving II," "The Play"
2012-presentThe Undead Eyes (TV Series)Monster Machine (voice)

External links

Notes and References

  1. Ridiculous, Norm Macdonald, 2006, Comedy Central Records
  2. The capitalization of Norm Macdonald's surname has been inconsistently reported in publications such as TVGuide, but books discussing Norm such as Shales (2003) and Crawford (2000), the Game Show Network, and Comedy Central Sports Show with Norm Macdonald and comedy CD all consistently report "Macdonald" (lowercase "d") as his surname.
  3. "Norm Macdonald talks to Uptown". Uptown. 23 September 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2012.
  4. Web site: Norm Macdonald New Host of GSN's High Stakes Poker. February 7, 2011. GSN. Press release.
  5. Weisman, Jon (June 20, 2011). "Buzzer sounds on 'Norm Macdonald,' 'SportsDome'". Variety.
  6. Gorman, Bill (April 13, 2011). "Tuesday Cable Ratings - Deadliest Catch Returns on Top. TV by the Numbers. (Sports Show 1st episode drew 1.011 million viewers, 0.6/2 adults 18-49)
  7. Gorman, Bill (June 8, 2011). "Tuesday Cable Ratings - Deadliest Catch tops night". TV by the numbers. (Sports Show last episode drew 0.944 million viewers, 0.5/1 adults 18-49).
  8. Web site: Norm Macdonald biography. TV Guide. Lists CBC journalist Neil Macdonald as his older brother.
  9. Web site: Story. Jared. August 23, 2010. Norm Macdonald talks to Uptown. Uptown. Winnipeg. Norm mentions brother Neil.
  10. Web site: Norm Macdonald Biography. Todd. Jackson. Dead-Frog. 2011-03-24.
  11. Book: Pattatucci Aragon, Angela. Challenging Lesbian Norms: Intersex, Transgender, Intersectional, and Queer Perspectives. Routledge. 28. 2006. 978-1560236450.
  12. Web site: Riki Anne. Wilchins. Subject: SATURDAY NIGHT LIVE: BRANDON TEENA & FRIENDS "...DESERVED TO DIE.". QRD.ORG. Queer Resources Directory. February 28, 1996.
  13. Wild. David. Looking for the heart of 'Saturday Night'. Rolling Stone. Rolling Stone. 1997-11-27. 2007-02-23.
  14. Web site: A.J.. Jacobs. Hardcore Norm. EW.com. Entertainment Weekly.
    1. 478
    . March 26, 1999.
  15. Shales (2003). [p. needed]
  16. Letterman, David. Late Night with David Letterman. TV series. CBS. New York. March 6, 1998. 2007-02-23.
  17. Particularly in a three-part pre-taped sketch where Bob Dole is a cast member on the MTV reality show, The Real World.
  18. Thanks to his ability to impersonate him, he also played Chubby Jr., the son of Burt Reynolds' character Chubby on My Name Is Earl.
  19. On the 1999 biopic Man on the Moon during the sequence where Andy Kaufman is on the ABC sketch show Fridays and refuses to take part in a sketch featuring restaurant patrons smoking marijuana.
  20. Web site: Norm Macdonald's Monologue. Saturday Night Live. snltranscripts.jt.org. 1999-10-23. 2007-02-02.
  21. Web site: Bell Recruits Two New Spokesbeavers. Cossette.com. November 7, 2005. http://web.archive.org/web/20070928115312/http://www.cossette.com/affiche/nouvelles/details.asp?div=0&id=1961. 2007-09-28. 2007-04-21. Announcement With links to two Quicktime videos.
  22. Web site: The 2007 World Series of Poker - No-Limit Hold'em (Event 28). Caesar's Interactive Entertainment. June 17–19, 2007. 2007-07-21.
  23. Web site: Norm Macdonald Presents: The Fake News. superdeluxe.com. Turner Broadcasting System. http://web.archive.org/web/20071218194347/http://www.superdeluxe.com/sd/series/fake_news. 2007-12-18. 2010-10-03.
  24. Web site: Match Game. OCA: On Camera Audiences. June 19, 2008.
  25. News: Norm MacDonald here Jan. 21. Red Deer Advocate. Alberta, CA. Black Press. January 6, 2009. August 16, 2010.
  26. News: Norm Macdonald Talks Stand-Up, Teases FX "Reality" Show. Evan. Rytlewski. Express Milwaukee. March 13, 2009. 2010-07-03.
  27. Web site: Comedy Central Developing Weekly Sports Pilot with Norm Macdonald. September 21, 2010. Broadcasting & Cable. 2011-02-22.
  28. http://www.comedycentral.com/shows/sports-show-with-norm-macdonald/index.jhtml "Sports Show with Norm Macdonald Official Site"
  29. Web site: 03.01.11 Norm Macdonald: Me Doing Stand-Up. Comedy Central. Press release. March 1, 2011. 2011-03-20.
  30. http://gamutnews.com/20110523/6608/norm-is-back-with-a-vengeance-with-the-comedy-central%C2%AE-release-of-his-first-ever-full-length-stand-up-special-norm-macdonald-me-doing-stand-up-uncensored-and-uncut-on-dvd-dto-and-cd-on-tues.html "Norm Macdonald: Me Doing Stand-Up” DVD..."
  31. Matt (May 18, 2011). "It’s Norm Macdonald, Let’s Watch Him Doing Stand-Up". TheLaughButton.com.
  32. Web site: Phone Interview with Norm Macdonald. Guy. MacPherson. January 17, 2006. Comedy Couch. 2010-10-03.