|Other Name:||Níngbō Shì|
|Settlement Type:||Sub-provincial city|
|Pushpin Map Caption:||Location within China|
|Subdivision Type3:||County-level divisions|
|Subdivision Type4:||Township divisions|
|Leader Title:||CPC Ningbo Committee Secretary|
|Leader Name:||Bayin Chaolu (巴音朝鲁)|
|Leader Name1:||Mao Guanglie (毛光烈)|
|Area Total Km2:||9365|
|Population As Of:||2008|
|Population Density Km2:||auto|
|Timezone:||China Standard Time|
|Postal Code Type:||Postal code|
|Blank Name:||License plate prefixes|
|Blank1 Name:||GDP (2008)|
|Blank1 Info:||CNY 396.4 billion|
|Blank2 Name:||- per capita|
|Blank2 Info:||CNY 69,997|
Camphor LaurelCinnamomum camphora (L.) Sieb.)
Ningbo (Simplified Chinese: 宁波; Traditional Chinese: 寧波; Pinyin: Níngbō; Wade-Giles: Ning-po; literally "Tranquil Waves") is a seaport with sub-provincial administrative status. The city has a population of 2,182,000 and is situated in northeastern Zhejiang province, China. Lying south of the Hangzhou Bay, and facing the East China Sea to the east, Ningbo borders Shaoxing to the west and Taizhou to the south, and is separated from Zhoushan by a narrow body of water.
Níng (宁) - Serene; bō (波) - Waves; Together - Serene Waves. The city is abbreviated Yong (甬). The abbreviation Ning is used for Nanjing.
Ningbo was one of China's oldest cities, with a history dating back to 4800 B.C. the Hemudu culture. Ningbo was known as a trade city on the silk road at least 2000 years ago, and then as a major port along with Yangzhou and Guangzhou in the Tang Dynasty; thereafter, the major ports for foreign trade in the Song Dynasty. Ningbo was one of the five Chinese treaty ports opened by the Treaty of Nanjing (signed in 1842) at the end of the First Opium War between Britain and China. During the war, British forces took possession of the walled city of Ningbo briefly after storming the fortified town of Zhenhai at the mouth of the Yong River on October 10, 1841. In 1864 the forces of the Taiping Rebellion held the town for six months. In March 1885, during the Sino-French War, Admiral Courbet's naval squadron blockaded several Chinese warships in Zhenhai Bay and exchanged fire with the shore defences.
Ningbo was once famed for traditional Chinese furniture production.
During World War II in 1940, Japan bombed Ningbo with fleas carrying the bubonic plague. According to Daniel Barenblatt, Prince Tsuneyoshi Takeda received, with Prince Mikasa, a special screening by Shiro Ishii of a film showing imperial planes loading germ bombs for bubonic dissemination over Ningbo in 1940. 
"It has been said of the Ningbo fishermen that, 'no people in the world apparently made so great an advance in the art of fishing; and for centuries past no people have made so little further progress.' "
Ningbo currently has a party secretary of Mongol background, Bayunchoru, serving as first-in-charge of the city.
Ningbo Local Government Offices
There are 5 county-level satellite cities under Ningbo's jurisdiction, namely:
Ningbo is a very important economic hub and port city. A port city for foreign trade since the 7th century, Ningbo has since become a major exporter of consumer products, electrical products, textiles, food, and industrial tools.
The city formerly suffered from the fact that Hangzhou Bay stood between it and Shanghai, but this barrier was eliminated in late 2008 when a 33km cross-sea bridge was completed, allowing travel to Shanghai in less than two hours.
The bridge is already having an impact on the local economy, according to foreign business people in the city – property prices are rising dramatically. Industrial land is now twice that of similar land around Shanghai in 2006. It remains to be seen what economic action will be taken to correct soaring property values and whether the correction will be hard or soft.
In 2007, Ningbo's economic activity reached USD 56.5 billion, up 33.9% from 2006. The exports totalled USD 38.26 billion, up 33% from the previous year. In addition, Ningbo imported USD 18.24 billion of goods, up 35.7% from the previous year.
Ningbo's economy grew 10.1 percent in 2008 to 396.4 billion yuan (US$57 billion). The city's per capita output was $10,079, more than three times the national average.
Ningbo is not just an ordinary city – it has the same authority as provincial governments for economic administration – and has a port second only to Shanghai. Unlike Shanghai, the port is deepwater and capable of handling 300,000 tonne vessels. By 2007, cargo throughput will be 250m tonnes and container throughput 7m TEUs, and by 2010, 300m tonnes and 10m TEUs. With bulk container breakdowns, hugely improved logistics, and massive chemical and foodstuff, processing developments, Ningbo could yet win the race with Shanghai as port of choice for servicing the east coast.
People in main land China
People in Hong Kong
People in Taiwan
The Hangzhou Bay Bridge, a combination cable-stayed bridge and causeway across Hangzhou Bay opened to public on 1 May 2008, connects the municipalities of Shanghai and Ningbo, and is considered the longest trans-oceanic bridge in the world, and the world’s second-longest bridge, after the Lake Ponchartrain Causeway in Louisiana, USA.
The port of Ningbo is one of the world's busiest ports, ranked 4th by cargo tonnage in 2005, and 15th in TEU.
Ningbo Lishe International Airport connects Ningbo by air to the rest of China, with regularly scheduled flights to China and international destinations.
Ningbo is known for Ningbo Tang yuan, small stuffed buns which are boiled. The stuffing is usually ground saseme mixed with sugar. The stuffing is wrapped with sticky rice powder.
Ningbo has three universities. Towards the north of the city is Ningbo University, while the Ningbo Higher Education Zone (Yinzhou district) is home to Zhejiang Wanli University as well as the University of Nottingham Ningbo, China - a joint venture between the University of Nottingham and the Wanli Education Group.
Ningbo has city partnerships with many cities around the world.