|Area Total Km2:||670|
|Population As Of:||2002 census|
Niamey, population 674,950 (2002 census), is the capital of Niger. It is Niger's largest city, lying on the Niger River, mostly on the east bank. It is an administrative, cultural and economic center. Niamey is located at 13°31'17" North, 2°6'19" East (13.521389, 2.105278). 
Niamey was probably founded in the eighteenth century, but was of little importance to most of the country until the French developed a colonial post in the 1890s. This rapidly grew into an important center. In 1926 it became the capital of Niger, and the population gradually increased, from about 3,000 in 1930 to around 30,000 in 1960, 250,000 in 1980 and - by some estimates - 800,000 in 2000. The major cause of the increase has been immigration during droughts.
Attractions in the city include the Niger National Museum, incorporating a zoo, a museum of vernacular architecture, a craft centre, and exhibits including dinosaur skeletons and the Tree of Ténéré. There are also American, French and Nigerien cultural centres, two major markets, and a traditional wrestling arena.
The city is also the site of Diori Hamani International Airport, the National School of Administration, Abdou Moumouni University of Niamey, which lies on the right bank of the river, and many institutes (Centre numérique de Niamey, IRD, ICRISAT, Hydrologic Institute, etc.)
Many major West African cities only developed street numbering schemes in the 1990s. Niamey's 2001-2002 street addressing project, although coming later to this process, was regarded as somewhat of a model in its speed, efficiency, and cost. Although receiving some funding and advisement from the International Agency of Mayors of the Francophonie (AIMF), the process was planned and carried out by the Niamey's Municipal government (Communaute Urbaine de Niamey) in 15 months during 2001-2002. A wide ranging public education campaign was carried out during the planning stages, and elements of the Tax assessment and utility planning authorities collaborated in the block by block assessment of the city, and a street address database was compiled with this data and the name of inhabitants or business for every doorway: over 50,000 addresses. The address system is based on dividing the city into 44 formal, named "Districts", based on pre-existing neighbourhoods. Each District is given a two letter prefix ("Grand Marché", for instance, is "GM"). All streets are numbered ordinarily, with streets roughly parallel to the river using even numbers, and cross streets odd numbers. Doorway numbering (addresses) begin at the river and increase as they move away, with alternating even-odd address numbers on opposite sides of the street. Thus a street address in "Grand Marché" District might be "4735, Rue GM 12, Niamey" ("Rue" being the French word for street). 100,000 street signs were also installed during the process.
Jenna Rae Tavarez