Near-open central vowel explained

Ipa-Number:324
Decimal:592
Xsampa:6
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The near-open central vowel, or near-low central vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨⟩, a rotated lowercase letter a.

The IPA prefers terms "close" and "open" for vowels, and the name of the article follows this. However, a large number of linguists, perhaps a majority, prefer the terms "high" and "low", and these are the only terms found in introductory textbooks on phonetics such as those by Peter Ladefoged.

Features

Occurrence

LanguageWordIPAMeaningNotes
ArabicStandardArabic: [[Arabic alphabet|قطة]]'cat'Allophone of long and short before a word boundary. See Arabic phonology
BulgarianMacedonian: [[Bulgarian language|''ъг'''ъ'''л'']]'angle'See Bulgarian language
ChineseCantoneseChinese: [[Chinese characters|心]]/Chinese: [[Jyutping|''s'''a'''m1'']]'heart'See Cantonese phonology
DanishDanish: [[Danish alphabet|''spis'''er''''']]'eat(s)' (present)See Danish phonology
DutchThe HagueDutch; Flemish: [[Dutch alphabet|''lett'''er''''']]'letter'Corresponds to in other dialects. See Dutch phonology
EnglishCaliforniaEnglish: [[English orthography|''n'''u'''t'']]'nut'⟨⟩ may be used to transcribe this vowel as it corresponds to in other dialects. See English phonology
RP
Inland North AmericaEnglish: [[English orthography|''b'''e'''t'']]'bet'Variation of used in some places whose accents have undergone the Northern cities vowel shift.
GermanGerman: [[German orthography|''Ob'''er''''']]'waiter'Reduced vowel. See German phonology
KoreanKorean: [[Korean orthography|발]]'foot'⟨a⟩ may be used to transcribe this vowel. See Korean phonology
PortugueseMany Brazilian dialectsPortuguese: [[Portuguese orthography|''sac'''a''''']]'sack'Reduced vowel. See Portuguese phonology
RussianRussian: [[Russian orthography|гол'''о'''ва]]'head'Occurs mostly immediately before stressed syllables. See Russian phonology
Dawsahak'to give'
VietnameseVietnamese: [[Vietnamese alphabet|'''''ă'''n'']]'to eat'See Vietnamese phonology

See also

Notes and References