The near-open central vowel, or near-low central vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨⟩, a rotated lowercase letter a.
The IPA prefers terms "close" and "open" for vowels, and the name of the article follows this. However, a large number of linguists, perhaps a majority, prefer the terms "high" and "low", and these are the only terms found in introductory textbooks on phonetics such as those by Peter Ladefoged.
|Arabic||Standard||Arabic: [[Arabic alphabet|قطة]]||'cat'||Allophone of long and short before a word boundary. See Arabic phonology|
|Bulgarian||Macedonian: [[Bulgarian language|''ъг'''ъ'''л'']]||'angle'||See Bulgarian language|
|Chinese||Cantonese||Chinese: [[Chinese characters|心]]/Chinese: [[Jyutping|''s'''a'''m1'']]||'heart'||See Cantonese phonology|
|Danish||Danish: [[Danish alphabet|''spis'''er''''']]||'eat(s)' (present)||See Danish phonology|
|Dutch||The Hague||Dutch; Flemish: [[Dutch alphabet|''lett'''er''''']]||'letter'||Corresponds to in other dialects. See Dutch phonology|
|English||California||English: [[English orthography|''n'''u'''t'']]||'nut'||⟨⟩ may be used to transcribe this vowel as it corresponds to in other dialects. See English phonology|
|Inland North America||English: [[English orthography|''b'''e'''t'']]||'bet'||Variation of used in some places whose accents have undergone the Northern cities vowel shift.|
|German||German: [[German orthography|''Ob'''er''''']]||'waiter'||Reduced vowel. See German phonology|
|Korean||Korean: [[Korean orthography|발]]||'foot'||⟨a⟩ may be used to transcribe this vowel. See Korean phonology|
|Portuguese||Many Brazilian dialects||Portuguese: [[Portuguese orthography|''sac'''a''''']]||'sack'||Reduced vowel. See Portuguese phonology|
|Russian||Russian: [[Russian orthography|гол'''о'''ва]]||'head'||Occurs mostly immediately before stressed syllables. See Russian phonology|
|Vietnamese||Vietnamese: [[Vietnamese alphabet|'''''ă'''n'']]||'to eat'||See Vietnamese phonology|