Master of Advanced Studies explained

A Master of Advanced Studies or Master of Advanced Study (MAS, MAst., M.A.S.) is a postgraduate degree awarded in various countries. Master of Advanced Studies programs may be non-consecutive programs tailored for "specific groups of working professionals with well-defined needs for advanced degree work." [1] or advanced research degrees [2] . With the exception of the UK, Advanced Studies programs tend to be interdisciplinary and tend to be focused toward meeting the needs of professionals rather than academics.[3] [4]

Master of Advanced Study in the United Kingdom (MAst, MAS)

The University of Cambridge began offering the Master of Advanced Study in 2010[5] as a one-year master's degree in Mathematics as a replacement for the "Part III exam in Mathematics". Cambridge currently offers Master of Advanced Study degrees in four fields of study. Warwick University has approved the introduction of a Master of Advanced Study (MAS) degree in Mathematics for the 2013/2014 year[6] .

Master of Advanced Study/Studies (M.A.S., MAS) in the United States

In the United States the Master of Advanced Study (M.A.S.) also the Master of Advanced Studies (MAS)[7] degree is a post-graduate professional degree issued by numerous academic institutions, but most notably by the University of California. M.A.S. programs tend to "concentrate on a set of coordinated coursework with culminating projects or papers rather than emphasizing student research" and frequently are structured as interdisciplinary offerings. [8]

Master of Advanced Studies (MAS) in France and other Francophone Countries

After the Bologna process in 2002 the Master of Advanced Studies replaced the French diplôme d'études approfondies (DEA) and diplôme d'études superieures spécialisées (DESS)[9] [10] which are former postgraduate degrees. In France, the Master of Advanced Studies was a 1–2 years degree taken after a maîtrise (4-years French master's degree) and was prior to entering a doctoral program. It was generally equivalent to the North American "All But Dissertation" or ABD status within a doctoral program or a Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) or Master of Research (M.Res.) degree. In 2006 a French decree on doctoral studies effectively eliminated the Master of Advanced Studies in France[11] .

The DEA and DESS were offered in many places and may continue to be offered in countries which apply the French university style, sometimes with some minor differences, such as Quebec, Belgium, Luxembourg, Spain, Algeria, Morocco, Lebanon, Tunisia and most Francophone countries.

In the French-speaking universities in Switzerland the DEA, now Master of Advanced Studies was equivalent to the Master's degree in the English-speaking countries, and it was a 1–2 years degree taken after a Licence (4-years Swiss graduate degree). It generally consisted of a number of courses, with examinations and grades, followed by research in a scientific laboratory. The students would then write a substantial thesis about the scientific work they did, and defend this thesis in front of a committee. The Master of Advanced Studies remains a common post-graduate degree in Switzerland.

In Europe, the DEA's degrees are progressively subsumed into the Bologna process Master's degrees and research-oriented (Master of Advanced Studies).

Master of Advanced Studies (MAS) in German speaking Countries

The degree of Master of Advanced Studies is awarded in Switzerland, Austria and Lichtenstein as a continuing education (Weiterbildung) degree. Admission criteria are often more flexible than in consecutive master programs[3] and tend to recognize work experience and non-formal education in addition to formal education[12] [4] . A MAS requires 60-120 ECTS.[13] [14] and usually consists of course work, independent study and a masters thesis[15] .Germany does not offer a Master of Advanced Studies as an academic title but German universities are allowed to offer Master of Advanced Studies program as "Post-graduate study opportunities".In Switzerland there are three levels of continuing education qualifications: the Certificate of Advanced Studies, the Diploma of Advanced studies and the Master of Advanced Studies. The Master of Advanced Studies is the highest of these qualifications.

Master of Advanced Studies (MAS) in Spain

This degree also exists in Spain under the name "Diploma de Estudios Avanzados" or "DEA". It confers a higher qualification credential than a Master of Philosophy or Master of Studies but lower than Doctorate.

Notes and References

  1. University of California Academic Initiatives "Master of Advanced Study"
  2. Example of Research Master of Advanced Studies at the University of British Columbia http://www.sala.ubc.ca/programs/landscape-architecture/masla
  3. http://www.ond.vlaanderen.be/hogeronderwijs/bologna/links/National-reports-2009/National_Report_Liechtenstein_2009.pdf Bologna Process
  4. http://www.aic.lv/bolona/2005_07/Nat_reps/LiechtensteinNationalReport.pdf
  5. Web site: Award of the Master of Mathematics and the Master of Advanced Study in Mathematics. T. W. Körner. 3 December 2010. Thomas William Körner.
  6. http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/services/gov/atoz/bgs/minutes/bgs_minutes_january_12.pdf
  7. Example of Master of Advanced Studies degree in the USA: List of Master of Advanced Studies offered at the University of California San Diego
  8. Hayward, Brad. "UC to offer 'Master of Advanced Study' degree", The University of California, Santa Cruz Currents, July 27, 1998.
  9. http://www.topia.fr/images/documents/lexical_of_european_doctorates.pdf
  10. http://science.gov.tm/projects/pes/en/europe.htm SCST Portal on Turkmen and International Postgraduate Education Standards and Practices
  11. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000000267752&dateTexte=
  12. http://www.ond.vlaanderen.be/hogeronderwijs/bologna/links/National-reports-2007/National_Report_Switzerland2007.pdf
  13. http://www.kfh.ch/uploads/dobo/doku/Switzerland_04-05.pdf?CFID=16137318&CFTOKEN=70253105
  14. http://www.unil.ch/enseignement/page30322_en.html UNIL enseignement - Advanced programmes
  15. http://www.swissuniversity.ch/system-master-of-advanced-studies.htm Swissuniversity - Master of Advanced Studies