Martin Denny Explained

Martin Denny
Background:non_vocal_instrumentalist
Birth Date:April 10, 1911
Birth Place:New York City, New York
Death Place:Honolulu, Hawaii
Instrument:Piano
Marimba
Vibes
Bongos
Congas
Timbales
Genre:Exotica
Occupation:Arranger
Bandleader
Label:Liberty Records

Martin Denny (April 10, 1911–March 2, 2005) was an American piano-player and composer best known as the "father of exotica."[1] In a long career that saw him performing well into his 80s, he toured the world popularizing his brand of lounge music which included exotic percussion, imaginative rearrangements of popular songs, and original songs that celebrated Tiki culture.

Biography

Denny was born in New York, and raised in Los Angeles, California. He studied classical piano[2] and at a young age toured South America for four-and-a-half years in the 1930s with the Don Dean Orchestra.[3] This tour began Denny's fascination with Latin rhythms. Denny collected a large number of ethnic instruments from all over the world, which he used to spice up his stage performances.

After serving in the United States Army Air Forces in World War II, Denny returned to Los Angeles in 1945 where he studied piano and composition under Dr. Wesley La Violette[4] and orchestration under Arthur Lange at the Los Angeles Conservatory of Music. He also studied at the University of Southern California.

In January 1954, Don the Beachcomber brought Denny to Honolulu, Hawaii for a two-week engagement. He stayed to form his own combo in 1955, performing under contract at the Shell Bar in the Hawaiian Village on Oahu and soon signing to Liberty Records.[5] The original combo consisted of Augie Colon on percussion and birdcalls, Arthur Lyman on vibes, John Kramer on string bass, and Denny on piano.[6] Lyman soon left to form his own group and future Herb Alpert sideman and Baja Marimba Band founder Julius Wechter replaced him. Harvey Ragsdale later replaced Kramer.

"We traveled a lot on the Mainland, but we came back every 12 weeks because the guys had their families here [to Hawaii]," recalled Denny. In 1955, the musician met his future wife, June, and married her the following year. His daughter, Christina was born a few years later. "I loved the lifestyle and my career was built here," said Denny.[7]

Denny described the music his combo plays as "window dressing, a background".[8] It is the perfect complement to the exotic setting of Hawaii. "A lot of what I'm doing", he stated in Incredibly Strange Music Volume 1, "is just window dressing familiar tunes. I can take a tune like "Flamingo" and give it a tropical feel, in my style. In my arrangement of a Japanese farewell song, "Sayonara", I include a Japanese three-stringed instrument, the shamisen. We distinguished each song by a different ethnic instrument, usually on top of a semi-jazz or Latin beat."

Denny built a collection of strange and exotic instruments with the help of several airline friends. They would bring Denny back these instruments and he would build arrangements around them. His music was a combination of ethnic styles:[9] South Pacific, the Orient and Latin rhythms.

During an engagement at the Shell Bar, Denny discovered what would become his trademark and the birth of "exotica." The bar had a very exotic setting: a little pool of water right outside the bandstand, rocks and palm trees growing around, very quiet and relaxed. As the group played at night, Denny became aware of bullfrogs croaking. The croaking blended with the music and when the band stopped, so did the frogs.[10] Denny thought this to be a coincidence, but when he tried the tune again later, the same thing happened. This time, his bandmates began doing all sorts of tropical bird calls as a gag. The band thought it nothing more than a joke. The next day, though, someone approached Denny and asked if he would do the arrangement with the birds and frogs. The more Denny thought about it, the more it made sense. At rehearsal, he had the band do "Quiet Village" with each doing a bird call spaced apart. Denny did the frog part on a grooved cylinder and the whole thing became incorporated into the arrangement of "Quiet Village". It sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc.[11]

The album jacket was an influential factor guiding the fantasy of Denny's music. Denny's first dozen albums featured model Sandy Warner on the cover.[3]

The Exotica album was recorded in December 1956 and released in 1957. In 1958, Dick Clark hosted Denny on American Bandstand. "Quiet Village" reached #2 on Billboard's charts in 1959 with the Exotica album" reaching #1. He rode the charts of Cashbox and Variety also. Denny had as many as three or four albums on the charts simultaneously during his career. He also had national hits with "A Taste of Honey," "The Enchanted Sea," and "Ebb Tide."

Denny died in Honolulu on March 2, 2005 at age 93, and his ashes scattered at sea.

Legacy

His combo spawned two successful offshoots: Julius Wechter (of Baja Marimba Band fame) and exotica vibist Arthur Lyman.

Denny's Firecracker is well known in Japan as the number which inspired Haruomi Hosono to establish Yellow Magic Orchestra. According to Hosono, one day in 1978, after a recording, he invited Ryuichi Sakamoto and Yukihiro Takahashi to his house and showed a memo which said "Cover and arrange Martin Denny's Firecracker into a chunky-electric disco, featuring synthesizers, to sell out four million copies around the world".

In 1983, the cassette-based 'audio magazine' 23 Drifts To Guestling was released by David Tibet. Collated from the archives of Throbbing Gristle, track 20 'E plays his favourite track (mamba by m denny)' features an introduction from Genesis P-Orridge, where he explains the influence it had on him and his subsequently work in TG. It seems this theme continued through the early incarnation of PTV.

In 1988, 808 State,a pioneering Acid House electronic group from Manchester, England cited Denny as an influence on their hit song "Pacific State". In November 2008, Graham Massey from 808 State held a tribute night to Martin Denny amongst other acts in London under the banner of 'Manchester Mondo'.

Many of Denny's recordings were reissued on the Ultra-Lounge series of CDs.

Discography

Studio albums

Compilations

External links

Notes and References

  1. Book: Bogdanov, Vladimir. Woodstra. Chris. Erlewine. Stephen Thomas. All Music Guide: The Definitive Guide To Popular Music, 4th Edition. Backbeat Books. 2001. 978-0-87930-627-4.
  2. Book: Lee III, William F. American Big Bands. Hal Leonard. 2006. 978-0-634-08054-8.
  3. Book: Hayward, Philip. Widening the Horizon: Exoticism in Post-War Popular Music. 174. John Libbey Publishing. 1999. 978-1-86462-047-4.
  4. Studies with LaViolette. DownBeat. DownBeat. 1958 Vol 25.
  5. Book: Rosen, Craig. The Billboard Book of Number One Albums: The Inside Story Behind Pop Music's Blockbuster Records. 1955. Billboard Books. 1996. 978-0-8230-7586-7.
  6. Book: Lanza, Joseph. Elevator Music: A Surreal History of Muzak, Easy-Listening, and Other Moodsong. 122. University of Michigan Press. 2004. 978-0-472-08942-0.
  7. News: Lesa. Griffith. Passing the Tiki Torch: Local collective Don Tiki bows to big kahuna Martin Denny. 2003-10-01. Honolulu Weekly. 2010-04-12.
  8. Exotica! The Best of Martin Denny. Martin Denny. CD. Rhino Records. R2 70774.
  9. News: Martin Denny — The Sound of Exotica. Harada. Wayne. Honolulu Advertiser. 4 March 2005.
  10. News: Father of Exotica. Wadey. Paul. The Independent-UK. 7 March 2005.
  11. Book: Murrells, Joseph. 1978. The Book of Golden Discs. 2nd. Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. London. 112. 0-214-20512-6.