This article includes a list of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP), the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year. The GDP dollar estimates presented here are calculated at market or government official exchange rates.
NOTE: Several economies which are not considered to be countries (world, the EU, and some dependent territories) are included in the list because they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed.
The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations may change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population. Therefore these figures should be used with caution.
Comparisons of national wealth are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP).) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem, but has its own drawbacks; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.
The first list largely includes data compiled by the International Monetary Fund for 2010. The second list shows the World Bank's mostly 2010 estimates, and the third list includes mostly 2011 estimates from the CIA World Factbook.
|List by the International Monetary Fund (2010)||List by the World Bank (1990-2010)||List by the CIA World Factbook (2000-2011)|
1. The GDP figure for some countries is an IMF estimate.
4. Data include the French overseas departments of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, and Réunion.
5. Excludes Kosovo.
6. Hyperinflation and the plunging value of the Zimbabwean dollar makes Zimbabwe's nominal GDP a highly inaccurate statistic.
7. Excludes data for Transnistria.
8. Includes Former Spanish Sahara.
9. Data are for the area controlled by the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.
10. Covers mainland Tanzania only.
11. Excludes Abkhazia and South Ossetia.