List of English words of Dutch origin explained

This is a list of words of Dutch language origin. However, note that this list does also include some words of which the etymology is uncertain, and that some may have been derived from Middle Low German equivalents instead or as well. Some of these words, such as cookie and boss and aardvark, are without a doubt of Dutch origin. But, many of these words are similar not because they are Dutch loan words, but because English, like Dutch, is a Germanic language. Some of these words lack a counterpart in modern Dutch, having been lost since the time it was borrowed.

There are many different ways through which Dutch words have entered the English language. Some of the more common ways include:

In a survey by Joseph M. Williams in Origins of the English Language it is estimated that about 1% of English words are of Dutch origin.[1]

A

Aardvark : from both Afrikaans and Dutch, literally "earth-pig" (the animal burrows), from aarde (="earth") + varken (="pig")http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=aardvark
  • Afrikaans : from Afrikaans (via Afrikaans) (="African" adj.)
  • Ahoy : from hoi (="hi", "hello")
  • Aloof : from a- + Middle English loof (="weather gage," also "windward direction"), probably from Dutch loef (="the weather side of a ship"); originally a nautical order to keep the ship's head to the wind, thus to stay clear of a lee-shore or some other quarter, hence the figurative sense of "at a distance, apart" http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=aloof
  • Avast : a nautical interjection (="hold! stop!"), probably worn down from Dutch houd vast (="hold fast" or "hold steady")http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=avast
  • B

    Bamboo : from Dutch bamboe, from Portuguese bambu, earlier mambu (16th century), probably from Malay samambu, though some suspect this is itself an imported word http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=bamboo
  • Bantam : after Bantam, former Dutch residency in Java, from which the small domestic fowl were said to have been first imported http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=bantam The word could have originated in Kannada ಬಮ್ಬು bambu.[2]
  • Batik : from Dutch, from Malay mbatik (="writing, drawing") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=batik
  • Bazooka : "metal tube rocket launcher," from name of a junkyard musical instrument used as a prop by U.S. comedian Bob Burns, extension of bazoo (slang for "mouth" or "boastful talk"), probably from Dutch bazuin (="trumpet") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=bazooka
  • Beaker : from beker http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=beaker (="mug, cup")
  • Beleaguer : from belegeren (="besiege, attack with an army"), leger (="army") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Beleaguer
  • Berm : from French berme, from Old Dutch baerm (in Dutch, the English meaning is now archaic, berm being used as "usually grassy ground alongside a road") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=berm
  • Bicker : "a skirmish, fight," bikern, probably from Middle Dutch bicken (="to slash, stab, attack") + -er, Middle English frequentative suffix http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=bicker
  • Blare : blèren (="to wail"), possibly from an unrecorded Old English *blæren, or from Middle Dutch blèren (="to bleat, cry, bawl, shout") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=blare
  • Blasé : from French blasé, past participle of blaser (="to satiate"), origin unknown; perhaps from Dutch blazen (="to blow"), with a sense of "puffed up under the effects of drinking" http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=blas%E9
  • Blaze (to make public, often in a bad sense, boastfully) : from Middle Dutch blasen (="to blow, on a trumpet) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=blaze
  • Blink : from Middle Dutch blinken (="to glitter") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=blink
  • Blister : from Old French blestre, perhaps from a Scandinavian source or from Middle Dutch blyster (="swelling") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=blister
  • Block (solid piece) : from Old French bloc (="log, block"), via Middle Dutch bloc (="trunk of a tree") or Old High German bloh http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=block
  • Blow (hard hit) : blowe, from northern and East Midlands dialects, perhaps from Middle Dutch blouwen (="to beat") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=blow
  • Bluff (poker term) : perhaps from Dutch bluffen (="to brag, boast") or verbluffen (="to baffle, mislead") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=bluff
  • Bluff (landscape feature) : from Dutch blaf (="flat, broad"), apparently a North Sea nautical term for ships with flat vertical bows, later extended to landscape features http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=bluff
  • Blunderbuss : from Dutch donderbus, from donder (="thunder") + bus (="gun," originally "box, tube"), altered by resemblance to blunder http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=blunderbuss
  • Boer : (="Dutch colonist in South Africa") from Dutch boer (="farmer"), from Middle Dutch http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Boer
  • Bogart: after Humphrey Bogarthttp://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=bogart&searchmode=none. Boomgaard means "orchard" ("tree-garden")http://www.surnamedb.com/surname.aspx?name=bogart.
  • Boodle : perhaps from Dutch boedel (="property") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=boodle
  • Boom : from boom (="tree"); cognate to English beam, German baumhttp://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=boom
  • Booze : from Middle Dutch busen (="to drink in excess"); http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Booze according to JW de Vries busen is equivalent to buizen [3]
  • Boss : from baas http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Boss
  • Bow (front of a ship) : from boeg http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Bow
  • Brackish : from Scottish brack, from Middle Dutch brak (="salty," also "worthless") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=brackish
  • Brandy (wine) : from brandewijn (literally "burnt wine") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Brandy
  • Brawl : from brallen http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Brawl
  • Brooklyn : after the town of Breukelen near Utrecht Brooklyn
  • Buckwheat:from Middle Dutch boecweite (="beech wheat") because of its resemblance between grains and seed of beech wheat.[4]
  • Bully : from boel (="lover," "brother"), from Middle High German buole, maybe influenced by bullhttp://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=bully&searchmode=term.
  • Bulwark : from bolwerk http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Bulwark
  • Bundle : from Middle Dutch bondel (=diminutive of bond), from binden "bind," or perhaps a merger of this word and Old English byndele (="binding") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Bundle
  • Bumpkin: from bommekijn (="little barrel") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=bumpkin
  • Bung : from Middle Dutch bonge (="stopper"), or perhaps from French bonde, which may be of Germanic origin, or from Gaulish bunda http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=bung
  • Buoy : from boei (="shackle" or "buoy") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Buoy
  • Bush (uncleared district of a British colony) : probably from Dutch bosch, in the same sense, since it seems to appear first in former Dutch colonies http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=bush
  • C

    Caboose : from kambuis or kombuis (="ship's kitchen", "galley") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=caboose
  • Cam : from Dutch cam (="cog of a wheel," originally "comb"), cognate of English comb
  • Clove (disambiguation) : from kloof [3] (="steep valley", "gorge")
  • Cockatoo : from kaketoe http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Cockatoo
  • Coleslaw : from koolsla (literally "cabbage salad") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Cole-slaw
  • Commodore : probably from Dutch kommandeur, from French commandeur, from Old French comandeor http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=commodore
  • Cookie : from koekje, or in informal Dutch koekie http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Cookie (="biscuit", "cookie")
  • Coney Island : (English dialect word for Rabbit) from Conyne Eylandt (literally "Rabbits' Island")
  • Crimp : from krimpen (= "to shrink") [3]
  • Cruise : from Dutch kruisen (="to cross, sail to and fro"), from kruis (="cross") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Cruise
  • Cruller : from Dutch krullen (="to curl") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Cruller
  • D

    Dam : from Middle Dutch dam (compare Amsterdam or Rotterdam) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Dam
  • Dapper : from Middle Dutch or Middle Low German dapper (="bold, strong, sturdy,") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Dapper
  • Deck : from dek (originally "covering") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Deck
  • Decoy : from de kooi (="the cage," used of a pond surrounded by nets, into which wildfowl were lured for capture) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Decoy
  • Delftware : from Delft, town in Holland where the glazed earthenware was made; the town named from its chief canal, from Dutch delf, (literally "ditch, canal"), which is related to Old English dælf and modern delve http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Delftware
  • Dike : from dijk (="embankment") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Dike
  • Dock (maritime) : from Middle Dutch or Middle Low German docke http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Dock
  • Domineer : from Dutch domineren (="to rule") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=domineer
  • Dope : old meaning "sauce," now "drugs," comes from the Dutch verb (in)dopen (usually ="to baptize," but here ="to dip in") http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/dope
  • Dredge : from Scottish dreg-boat (="boat for dredging") or Middle Dutch dregghe (="drag-net"), one possibly from the other but hard to tell which came first; probably ultimately from root of drag http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=dredge
  • Drill (verb) : from Middle Dutch dril, drille and in modern Dutch drillen http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Drill
  • Drug : from Old French drogue, perhaps from Middle Dutch or Middle Low German droge-vate (="dry barrels"), with first element mistaken as word for the contents (see dry goods), or because medicines mostly consisted of dried herbs http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=drug
  • Dune : English is from French dune (1790). French is possibly from Middle Dutch dune.http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=dune&searchmode=none
  • E

    Easel : from ezel (=originally (and still) "donkey") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Easel
  • Elope : from ontlopen (run away) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Elope
  • Etch : from ets or etsen http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Etch
  • Excise (noun) : (="tax on goods") from Middle Dutch excijs, apparently altered from accijns (="tax"); English got the word, and the idea for the tax, from Holland http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=excise
  • F

    Filibuster : from Spanish filibustero from French flibustier ultimately from Dutch vrijbuiter (="pirate" or "freebooter") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Filibuster
  • Flense : from Danish flense or Dutch vlensen http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/flense
  • Flushing, Queens : from Vlissingen, a city in the Netherlands
  • Foist : from Dutch vuisten (="take in hand"), from Middle Dutch vuist (="fist") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=foist
  • Forlorn hope : from verloren hoop (literally "lost heap," figuratively "suicide mission," "cannon fodder") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Forlorn Forlorn also has identical cognates in German and the Scandinavian languages
  • Freebooter : from vrijbuiter http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Freebooter
  • Freight : from vracht http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Freight
  • Frolic : from vrolijk (="cheerful") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Frolic
  • Furlough : from verlof (="permission (to leave)") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Furlough
  • G

    Galoot : (="awkward or boorish man"), originally a sailor's contemptuous word (="raw recruit, green hand") for soldiers or marines, of uncertain origin; "Dictionary of American Slang" proposes galut, Sierra Leone creole form of Spanish galeoto (="galley slave"); perhaps rather Dutch slang kloot (="testicle"), klootzak (="scrotum"), used figuratively as an insult http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=galoot
  • Gas : from gas, a neologism from Jan Baptista van Helmont, derived from the Greek chaos http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Gas
  • Geek : from geck (gek) (="fool") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Geek http://www.darrenbarefoot.com/archives/2004/08/whats-the-etymology-of-geek.html
  • Gherkin : from Dutch plural of gurk (="cucumber"), shortened form of East Frisian augurk http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=gherkin
  • Gimp (cord or thread) : from Dutch gimp http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/gimp
  • Gin : from jenever http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Gin
  • Gnu : from gnoe (from Bushman !nu) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Gnu
  • Golf : from kolf (="bat, club," but also a game played with these) [3]
  • Grab : from grijpen (="to seize, to grasp, to snatch") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Grab
  • Gruff : from Middle Dutch or Middle Low German grof (="coarse (in quality), thick, large") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=gruff
  • Guilder : from gulden http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Guilder
  • H

    Hale (verb) : (="drag, summon"), from Old Frankonian haler (="to pull, haul"), from Frankonian *halon or Old Dutch halen, both from Proto Germanic http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=hale
  • Hankering : from Middle Dutch hankeren or Dutch hunkeren http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Hanker
  • Harlem : called after the city of Haarlem near Amsterdam
  • Hartebeest : from both Afrikaans (Hartebees) and Dutch (Hartenbeest)[5]
  • Hoboken : possibly named after the Flemish town Hoboken, from Middle Dutch Hooghe Buechen or Hoge Beuken (="High Beeches" or "Tall Beeches")
  • Howitzer : from Dutch houwitzer, which in turn comes from German Haussnitz and later Haubitze.
  • Hoist : possibly from Middle Dutch hijsen http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Hoist
  • Holster : from holster http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Holster
  • Hooky : from hoekje (=corner) in the sense of "to go around the corner" http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=hooky
  • Hoyden : maybe from heiden (=backwoodsman), from Middle Dutch (=heathern) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=hoyden
  • I

    Iceberg : probably from Dutch ijsberg (literally ice mountain). http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Iceberg
  • Ietsism: from Dutch ietsisme (literally: somethingism) an unspecified faith in a higher or supernatural power or force
  • Isinglass : from Dutch huizenblas (No longer used) from Middle Dutch huusblase, from huus sturgeon + blase bladder http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Isinglass
  • K

    Keelhauling : from kielhalen (literally "to haul keel")http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/keelhaul
  • Keeshond : prob. from special use of Kees (shortening of proper name Cornelius) + hond "dog" http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/keeshond
  • Kill (body of water) : from kil from Middle Dutch kille (literally "riverbed") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Kill
  • Kink : from kink referring to a twist in a rope http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=kink
  • Knapsack : possibly from knapzak (literally "bag of snacks") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Knapsack
  • Knickerbocker : The pen-name was borrowed from Washington Irving's friend Herman Knickerbacker, and literally means "toy marble-baker." Also, descendants of Dutch settlers to New York are referred to as Knickerbockers and later became used in reference to a style of pants http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Knickerbocker
  • L

    Landscape : from landschap http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Landscape
  • Leak : possibly from lekken (="to drip, to leak") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Leak
  • Loafer : from loper (="walker") http://home.hccnet.nl/am.siebers/woorden/export.html#GELEEND
  • Loiter : from Middle Dutch loteren http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Loiter
  • Luck : from Middle Dutch luc, shortening of gheluc (="happiness, good fortune")('geluk' in modern Dutch) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=luck
  • M

    Maelstrom : from maalstroom (literally "grinding current" or "stirring current") (possibly Norse in origin) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Maelstrom
  • Manikin : from Brabantian manneken from Dutch mannetje (literally "little man") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Manikin
  • Mannequin : via French from Dutch (Brabantian) manneken (literally "little man") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Mannequin
  • Mart : from Middle Dutch marct (literally "market") (modern Dutch: markt) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Mart
  • Mast : from Dutch mast, having the same meaning.
  • Measles : possibly from Middle Dutch masel "blemish" (modern Dutch: mazelen) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Measles
  • Meerkat : from both Afrikaans and Dutch meerkat http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Meerkat (but the words do not have the same meaning)
  • Morass : from moeras (="swamp") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Morass
  • O

    Offal : possibly from Middle Dutch afval (="leftovers, rubbish") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Offal

    P

    Patroon: from patroon (="patron") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Patroon
  • Pickle : c.1440, probably from Middle Dutch pekel http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Pickle
  • Pinkie : Pinkje/Pinkie http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Pinkie
  • Pit : the stone of a drupaceous fruit : from pit http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Pit
  • Plug : from plugge, originally a maritime term.http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=plug&searchmode=none
  • Polder : from polder
  • Poppycock : from pappekak (=dialect for "soft dung") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Poppycock
  • Pump : from pomp http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Pump
  • Puss : Pet name for a cat, from Poes
  • Q

    Quack : shortened from quacksalver, from kwakzalver (literally "someone who daubs ointments") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Quack

    R

    Roster : from rooster (="schedule, or grating/grill") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Roster
  • Rover: from rover (="robber") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Rover
  • Rucksack: from rugzak (="bag that is carried on your back") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Rucksack
  • S

    Santa Claus : from Middle Dutch Sinterklaas (="Saint Nicholas"), bishop of Asia Minor who became a patron saint for children. (Dutch and Flemish feast celebrated on the 5th and 6 December respectively) (Origins of Santa Claus in US culture)http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Santa+Claus
  • Schooner (boat) : from schoener
  • Scone : from schoon (="clean") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Scone
  • Scow : from schouw (a type of boat) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Scow
  • Scum : from schuim (froth, foam) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Scum
  • Shoal : from Middle Dutch schole (="large number (of fish)") (modern Dutch: markt) (etymology not sure)
  • Skate : from schaats. The noun was originally adopted as in Dutch, with 'skates' being the singular form of the noun; due to the similarity to regular English plurals this form was ultimately used as the plural while 'skate' was derived for use as singular." http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Skate
  • Sketch : from schets http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Sketch
  • to Scour : from Middle Dutch scuren (now "schuren") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=scour, cognate of the English word "shower".
  • Skipper : from Middle Dutch scipper (now schipper, literally "shipper") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Skipper
  • Sled, sleigh : from Middle Dutch slede, slee http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Sled
  • Slim : "thin, slight, slender," from Dutch slim "bad, sly, clever," from Middle Dutch slim "bad, crooked," http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Slim
  • Sloop : from sloep http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Sloop
  • Slurp : from slurpen http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Slurp
  • Smack (boat) : possibly from smak "sailboat," perhaps so-called from the sound made by its sails http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Smack
  • Smearcase : from smeerkaas (="cheese that can be spread over bread, cottage-cheese")
  • Smelt : from smelten (="to melt") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=smelt
  • Smuggler : from Low German smuggeln or Dutch smokkelen (="to transport (goods) illegally"), apparently a frequentative formation of a word meaning "to sneak" http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=smuggler
  • Snack : perhaps from Middle Dutch snakken (="to long" (snakken naar lucht="to gasp for air") originally "to eat"/"chatter") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Snack
  • Snicker: from Dutch snikken (="to gasp, sob")[6]
  • Snoop : from snoepen (to eat (possibly in secret) something sweet) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=snoop
  • Snuff : from snuiftabak (literally "sniff tobacco") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=snuff
  • Splinter : from splinter http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Splinter
  • Split : from Middle Dutch splitten http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Split
  • Spook : from spook (="ghost(ly image)") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Spook
  • Spoor : from both Afrikaans and Dutch spoor (="track"/"trail")
  • Stoker : from stoken (="stoke a fire") http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/stoker
  • Stern : hind part of a ship related to Steven in Dutch and Stiarn in Frisian http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Stern
  • Still life : from Dutch stilleven http://home.hccnet.nl/am.siebers/woorden/export.html#GELEEND
  • Stoop (steps) : from stoep (=road up a dike, usually right-angled) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Stoop
  • Stockfish : from Dutch stokvis (= "stick fish")
  • Stove : from Middle Dutch stove (="heated room"). The Dutch word stoof, pronounced similarly, is a small (often wooden) box with holes in it. One would place glowing coals inside so it would emanate heat, and then put one's feet on top of it while sitting (in a chair) to keep one's feet warm. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Stove
  • Sutler: from zoetelaar (="one who sweetens", sweetener, old-fashioned for "camp cook") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Sutler
  • T

    Tattoo (military term) : from taptoe (literally "close the tap"). So called because police used to visit taverns in the evening to shut off the taps of casks. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=tattoo
  • Tickle : from kietelen http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=tickle
  • Trigger : from trekker (Trekken ="to pull") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Trigger
  • Tulip : from tulp http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Tulip
  • V

    Vang : from Dutch vangen (=to catch)
  • Veld : from Cape Dutch, used in South African English to describe a field
  • W

    Waffle (noun) : from Dutch wafel, from Middle Dutch or Middle Low German wafel http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Waffle
  • Walrus : from walrus http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Walrus
  • Wagon : from Dutch wagen, Middle Dutch waghen (= "cart, carriage, wagon") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Wagon
  • Wentletrap : from Dutch wenteltrap: wentelen (= "winding, spiraling") and trap (= "stairway").
  • Wiggle : from wiggelen (= "to wobble, to wiggle") or wiegen (= "to rock") http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Wiggle
  • Wildebeest : from Dutch "wilde" (= "wild") and "beest" (= "beast") Wildebeest
  • Witloof : from Belgian Dutch witloof (literally wit "white" + loof "foliage"), Dutch witlof http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/witloof
  • Wreck : from Dutch wrak http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=wreck
  • Y

    Yacht : from Dutch jacht, from Middle Low German jacht, short for jachtschip (literally "hunting ship") http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/yacht
  • Yankee : from Jan Kees, a personal name, originally used mockingly to describe pro-French revolutionary citizens, with allusion to the small keeshond dog, then for "colonials" in New Amsterdam (Note: this is not the only possible etymology for the word yankee. For one thing, the Oxford English Dictionary has quotes with the term from as early as 1765, quite some time before the French Revolution.) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Yankee
  • See also

    External links

    Notes and References

    1. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0029344700 Joseph M. Willams, Origins of the English Language at Amazon.com
    2. http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/bamboo
    3. Het verhaal van een taal, negen eeuwen nederlands, http://www.pbo.nl
    4. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=buckwheat
    5. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/hartebeest Retrieved 11 April 2010
    6. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=snicker