List of British Jews explained

List of British Jews is a list that includes Jewish people from the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

Although the first Jews may have arrived on the island of Great Britain with the Romans, it was not until the Norman Conquest of William the Conqueror in 1066 that organised Jewish communities first appeared in England. These existed until 1290 when the Jewish population of England was expelled by King Edward I of England.

There was never a corresponding expulsion from Scotland. The eminent scholar David Daiches states in his autobiographical Two Worlds: An Edinburgh Jewish Childhood that there are grounds for saying that Scotland is the only European country with no history of state persecution of Jews.

Jews were re-admitted to England and Wales in 1656 by Oliver Cromwell. Slightly more than 200 years later, in 1858 they were emancipated, that is, accepted as full citizens. In the late 19th century, there was mass Jewish immigration to England from Russia due to Russian domestic policy. In the 1930s, the country accepted many refugees from Nazism. The Jewish population peaked at 450,000, but has since declined due to low birth-rate, intermarriage and emigration, mainly of the younger generation to Israel. According to the 2001 census, the current population is around 295,000, most of whom live in London.

The following is a list of some prominent British Jewish people.

Academic figures

Scientists

See List of British Jewish scientists, which includes economists.

Sam Couch- Chief beak experimenter from Oakfield, 2011.

Historians

"Five years or so later, I decided to define publicly my identity as belonging to the Jewish community by becoming a member of the Liberal Jewish Synagogue."

Medical

Philosophers

"Wollheim was an outstanding representative of a generation of Central European Jewish intellectuals"

Social scientists

See List of British Jewish scientists

"You are a Jewish, Zimbabwean, Mancunian philosopher... I have lived in Manchester more than half my life and am very much at home here."

Theologians and Hebraists

Artists

Fine arts

Designers and Architects

Arts and literature

Musicians

See List of British Jewish entertainers (includes Classical musicians and actors as "entertainers.")

Writers

See List of British Jewish writers

Business and the professions

Civil service

Finance

Law

5/7/1996 p7: "The Liberal Democrats' sole Jewish MP, Alex Carlile"

25/6/1999 p10: "Alex Carlile is on his way back to Westminster as one of four Jews among the 36 working peers"

Manufacturing

Media

Military

Property

Retail

Police

Political figures

See List of British Jewish politicians

Religious and communal leaders

Showbusiness

See List of British Jewish entertainers

Sports

Boxing

Chess

Cricket

Fencing

Football (association; soccer)

Motorsport

Rugby league

Rugby union

Sailing

Table tennis

Tennis

Track and field

Weightlifting

Wrestling

Other sports

Socialites

Philanthropists

Miscellaneous

References

Footnotes

Bibliography

See also

Notes and References

  1. http://books.guardian.co.uk/departments/generalfiction/story/0,,1713557,00.html
  2. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "He was one of the many children of pre-1914 Jewish immigrants from eastern Europe who were to play such prominent roles in British economic, cultural, and political life."
  3. [Encyclopaedia Judaica]
  4. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "He was buried in Golders Green Jewish cemetery"
  5. Martin Beckford, "Jewish group rejects uncritical support of Israel" Telegraph (5 Feb 2007)
  6. The Times; 11 January 1997; Tony Turnbull:"Born in Oxford, she had moved to Cheltenham at the age of five when her father, the polymath Jacob Bronowski, author of Ascent of Man, took up a research post with the National Coal Board. So it was that this nice little Jewish family moved in to Cleeve Hill, a small village four miles from town."
  7. [Jewish Year Book]
  8. Encyclopaedia Judaica, art. "Magnus"
  9. http://jewishvoices.squarespace.com/identity/, http://www.history.qmul.ac.uk/staff/sassoond.html,
  10. [Concise Dictionary of National Biography]
  11. [Encyclopaedia Judaica]
  12. Jewish Chronicle, 14 January 2000, p.14 "Knighthood goes to diabetes pioneer"
  13. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  14. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born of Jewish parents of Russian origin"
  15. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Bavaria of Jewish parents"
  16. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "the son of Jewish parents"
  17. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "Jewish physician"
  18. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "the only child of Jacob Márton Lipsitz, a wine merchant, and Márgit Herczfeld, both Hungarian Jews"
  19. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "Elias, as a Jew, sought refuge first in Paris (1933–5), and then in London (from 1935), eventually becoming a British citizen in 1952"
  20. http://www.grazian-archive.com/autobiography/student/STUS12.htm "Mr. Herman Finer, an Englishman, Jewish"
  21. Jewish Chronicle obituary, June 25, 1993, p.15
  22. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "An unbaptized Jew"
  23. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "of Jewish parentage"
  24. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "the only child of prosperous Jewish parents"
  25. [Encyclopædia Britannica]
  26. Obituary, Jewish Chronicle, 5 February 1960, p.1
  27. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born of Jewish parents"
  28. [Encyclopædia Britannica]
  29. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born of Jewish parents at Vienna"
  30. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: born in Poland of Jewish parents
  31. born Jewish; see Dictionary of National Biography
  32. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Prussian Poland of Jewish parents"
  33. [Dictionary of National Biography]
  34. His own book On Being a Jewish Christian (1998)
  35. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "an academically highly gifted boy of Jewish parentage"
  36. http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=203&letter=N&search=Neubauer "Adolf Neubauer"
  37. http://books.guardian.co.uk/review/story/0,,1384783,00.html Guardian Books
  38. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born at Dortmund of Jewish parentage"
  39. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, cited at OUP web site
  40. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "son of East-End Russian Jewish immigrants"
  41. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "As a Jew, Games worked for the Jewish relief unit and for many Jewish and Israeli organizations"
  42. Obituary, Jewish Chronicle 30 August 1912, p16
  43. Obituary, Jewish Chronicle 15 August 1989, p16
  44. Delia Gaze Dictionary of Women Artists Routledge Press 1997,
  45. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "Hart was an observant Jew."
  46. The Guardian, 6 February 2002, p6: Letter from Kitaj: "London's four leading Jewish painters, including me"; Listed as a British painter in Hutchinson's Encyclopedia of Britain, 2005
  47. H. Read, S. Thorndike, and others, Jacob Kramer: a memorial volume (1969)
  48. http://www.thejc.com/home.aspx?ParentId=m10&AId=60757&ATypeId=1 Jewish Chronicle
  49. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born of Jewish parents in Warsaw; naturalized, 1894"
  50. http://www.nextbook.org/cultural/filterarchive.html?date=2003-12 Comment by his son James Lasdun
  51. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/mcCartneystella.html Jewish Virtual Library
  52. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in East Prussia of German-Jewish parents
  53. Jewish Chronicle, 8 January 1999, p.6: "Three Jewish knights feature among the New Year honours: ... Nichola Serota ... John Krebs ... Victor Blank."
  54. Patricia Welch, "The World of the Shining Translator: Waley's "Genji", Orientalism, and the birth of Japanese Literary Studies", "Waley, born Arthur David Schloss, was a member of an elite Anglo-Jewish family"
  55. article in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  56. [Jewish Chronicle]
  57. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Linz, Austria, of Jewish parents"
  58. K. Grunwald, ‘Windsor Cassel: the last court Jew’, Yearbook of the Leo Baeck Institute, 14 (1969), 119–61
  59. Jewish Chronicle 25 July 1941, p.12, "Jews in the Navy"
  60. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "a devout Jew"
  61. Web site: House of Rothschild – MSN Encarta . http://www.webcitation.org/5kyWZjtLb. 2009-11-01. yes.
  62. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born of Jewish parents of English nationality"
  63. http://www.newyorker.com/fact/content/articles/021209fa_fact New Yorker magazine
  64. [Encyclopaedia Judaica]
  65. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "first professing Jew to graduate at Cambridge"
  66. [Dictionary of National Biography]
  67. Jewish Chronicle, 12 January 2007 p.15: article "People: Who is up to what in the Jewish world this week"
  68. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in New York of wealthy Jewish parents"
  69. Flade, Ronald. The Lehmans: From Rimpar to the New World: A Family History, 2nd Enlarged Ed., 1999; reviewed by the American Jewish Historical Society. Accessed 14 November 2006.
  70. Web site: Ideas for community study 350 years of Anglo-jewry. LiberalJudaism.org. 12 March 2010.
  71. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2006/04/06/nlaw06.xml&sSheet=/news/2006/04/06/ixhome.html
  72. Obituary: Harold Lightman; The Independent; 18 November 1998; John Balcombe; p. 6; "Lightman was disadvantaged in his early legal career by the fact that he had not been to university and was Jewish."
  73. Son of Rabbi Chaim Pearl: see Who's Who (UK)
  74. http://community.thejc.com/node/3206
  75. "The Guardian Profile", The Guardian, 15 February 2008, pg.21
  76. [Encyclopaedia Judaica]
  77. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "He was a devout Jew"
  78. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "His parents were Orthodox Jews"
  79. The Times, 14 April 1998, p.1: "the Jewish philanthropist Sir Emmanuel Kaye"
  80. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "leading figure in Anglo-Jewry"
  81. [Encyclopaedia Judaica]
  82. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "the only son and elder child of Samuel and Anna Jacobson, a Jewish couple"
  83. The Times (London); 3 December 1992; Ruth Gledhill:'Lord Rothschild, who is head of the English branch of the Rothschild family, says: "I would not like to disguise that I am first and foremost a secular Jew."'
  84. The first of the Tudors: a study of Henry VII and his reign, (Taylor & Francis, 1981) By Michael Van Cleave Alexander, page 97
  85. [Dictionary of National Biography]
  86. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Lithuania of Jewish parentage"
  87. Jewish Chronicle, 24 April 1998, p.7: "one Jewish businessman on the up is fashion and property man Bernard Lewis"
  88. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "a leading member of the London Jews"
  89. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "naturalised British subject, 1910"
  90. News: Barney Aaron–Star of the East Shone in London. Ron Jackson. Richmark Sentinel. January 17, 2010. June 1, 2010.
  91. http://www.secondsout.com/romangreenberg/previousnews.cfm Roman Greenberg site
  92. Book: Annual Obituary, 1991. Deborah Andrews. 155862175X. St. James Pr. 1992. June 3, 2010.
  93. Web site: Ted "Kid" Lewis(Gershon Mendeloff). www.jewishsports.net. 2008-05-09.
  94. Web site: Team GB cricket fail to see the job through. Danny Caro. The Jewish Chronicle. July 14, 2009. July 1, 2010.
  95. Web site: Blues pack British squad. The Times. July 6, 2005. July 1, 2010.
  96. Web site: Rhodes to be part of unique Israel team. Ajay S Shankar. ESPN Cricinfo. May 23, 2008. July 1, 2010.
  97. News: Paul. Rowland. Bluebirds' star first British Jew footballer for 25 years. WalesOnline. April 10, 2007. July 4, 2008.
  98. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "Sheila's upbringing in an all-girl Jewish family generated no interest in motoring beyond her training as a Women's Auxiliary Air Force driver."
  99. Encyclopedia Judaica, Second Edition, volume 19, p 146
  100. News: Player profile: Aaron Liffchack. The Jewish Chronicle. May 24, 2010.
  101. "Bullimore's sister buoyed by rabbis' support", Jewish Chronicle January 24, 1997, p. 1
  102. Web site: The A-Z Guide To Jewish Grand Slam Champions. David Goodman. Tennis Grandstand. May 24, 2010. June 1, 2010.
  103. http://the-internet-eye.com/r-404274/m-VHS/b-169798/a-6300271498/Default.aspx
  104. Web site: Solomon Abrahams. Jewsinsports.org. May 12, 2010.
  105. http://www.thejc.com/home.aspx?ParentId=m14s44&SecId=44&AId=54735&ATypeId=1 The Jewish Chronicle
  106. Jewish Chronicle, obituary, 19 January 2007 p.45
  107. http://www.jewishbookweek.com/2007/250207i.php
  108. Oxf, ord Dictionary of National Biography: "Born an Orthodox Jew, in her religious practices Anna Maria remained throughout her life very observant"
  109. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born into old, established Jewish family"
  110. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "His grandfather Jacob had established the family as one of the first Jewish families to acquire great wealth and social acceptability in Bavaria ... His mother came from an Orthodox Frankfurt family and ensured that the children were properly instructed in Jewish matters ... he thereafter lived more in London than in Paris."
  111. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "Jewish philanthropist"
  112. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "His family were Jewish"
  113. The Press, Hendon and Finchley Edition, 16 November 2006, p.4: "Student Jeremiah, who was Jewish"
  114. http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/biographies.shtml
  115. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Berlin of Jewish parents"
  116. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "registered with the Jewish community of Pest"; Jewish Encyclopedia
  117. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "a Portuguese Jew, but born a British subject"
  118. http://www.lire.fr/critique.asp/idC=39075/idR=217/idG=4 Lire: le magazine littéraire