|Governor:||Synnøve Brenden Klemetrud (Ap)|
|Governor As Of:||2005|
|Population As Of:||2004|
is a town and municipality in Oppland county, Norway, globally known for hosting the 1994 Winter Olympics. It is part of the traditional region of Gudbrandsdal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Lillehammer.
The city centre is a well-preserved late 19th century concentration of wooden houses, which enjoys a picturesque location overlooking the northern part of lake Mjøsa and the river Lågen, surrounded by mountains. The main street is excellent for people-watching, shopping, and dining.
The municipality is named after the old Hamar farm (Old Norse: Hamarr), since the first church was built there. The word hamar means a "steep rock". In order to distinguish it from the nearby town and the bishopric of Hamar, it was often called Lilþlæ Hamar or Litlihamarr meaning "the small Hamar". It is also mentioned in the Old Norse sagas as Litlikaupangr meaning "the small trading place". 
The coat-of-arms was granted in 1898. The arms show a birkebeiner, carrying a spear and a shield, who is skiing down a mountainside. It symbolizes the historical importance of the Birkebeinerrennet race.
The area has been settled since the Norwegian Iron Age. It is also mentioned as a site for council in 1390. It had a lively market by the 1800s, and obtained rights as a merchant city on 7 August 1827, at which point there were 50 registered residents within its boundaries.
The town of Lillehammer was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The rural municipality of Fåberg was merged into the municipality of Lillehammer on 1 January 1964.
In 2005, the popular British automotive show Top Gear aired its "Winter Olympics" special, an episode of various Olympic event-themed challenges involving cars, set in the surrounding area of Lillehammer.
A number of schools are located in Lillehammer including the Hammartun Lower Secondary SchoolLillehammer High School, Mesna High School, Vargstad High School are the tree high schools in Lillehammer.
Lillehammer is located to the south of the municipality of Øyer, to the southeast of Gausdal, northeast of Nordre Land, and to the north of Gjøvik, all in Oppland county. To the southeast, it is bordered by Ringsaker municipality in Hedmark county. Lillehammer has a relatively dry inland climate.
The basis for the city's commerce is its position as the northernmost point of the lake Mjøsa and as the gateway for the Gudbrandsdal region, through which the historical highway to Trondheim passes. The Mesna river has provided the basis for several small industries through the years.
European route E6 highway passes through Lillehammer.
In addition to the Olympic site, Lillehammer offers a number of other tourist attractions: