Lawrence, Nassau County, New York should not be confused with Lawrence, St. Lawrence County, New York.
|Official Name:||Lawrence, New York|
|Pushpin Map:||New York|
|Pushpin Label Position:||none|
|Pushpin Map Caption:||Location within the state of New York|
|Subdivision Name:||United States|
|Subdivision Name1:||New York|
|Area Total Km2:||12.2|
|Area Land Km2:||10.0|
|Area Water Km2:||2.2|
|Area Total Sq Mi:||4.7|
|Area Land Sq Mi:||3.8|
|Area Water Sq Mi:||0.8|
|Population As Of:||2000|
|Population Density Km2:||654.3|
|Population Density Sq Mi:||1694.6|
|Utc Offset Dst:||-4|
|Postal Code Type:||ZIP code|
|Blank Name:||FIPS code|
|Blank1 Name:||GNIS feature ID|
The Village of Lawrence is in the southwest corner of the Town of Hempstead, adjoining the border with the New York City borough of Queens to the west and near the Atlantic Ocean to the south. Lawrence is one of the "Five Towns", which consists of the villages of Lawrence and Cedarhurst, the hamlets (unincorporated areas) of Woodmere and Inwood, and "The Hewletts", which is made up of the hamlet of Hewlett together with the villages of Hewlett Bay Park, Hewlett Harbor and Hewlett Neck, along with Woodsburgh.
Old Lawrence or Back Lawrence is a part of the Village of Lawrence, comprising many enormous mansions, beachside luxury villas and former plantations with very large property (and corresponding prices), some dating back to the time of the American Revolution. Huge golf courses, vast wetlands and nature preserves with historic battlefields enrich this beautiful area making it one of the most exclusive areas in all of Long Island.
Old Lawrence is commonly referred to by historians as the "First Hamptons." During the second half of the 19th century, it was a main vacation spot for the rich families of the highest social scale until the 1890s. A series of hurricanes and nor'easters altered the coastline considerably and destroyed a large beachfront hotel. Lawrence could no longer boast direct access to the sands along the Atlantic Ocean. At the same time, Lawrence began to become more like a modern suburb, a village with schools, public facilities, better roads and a large town area that expanded into what is now today.
Lawrence, or most notably Old Lawrence, was formerly home to a large dominant upper class of White Anglo-Saxon Protestant families that lived there since the time of the American Revolution. While many blue-blood families still reside there, it has since become home to a large community of upper class Modern Orthodox, Reform, and Conservative Jewish families who have established a number of growing synagogues, particularly since the 1980s.
The Orthodox Jewish communities are close to the more Haredi nearby center of Far Rockaway which has more yeshivas for the children and younger members as well as a variety of kosher restaurants and communal organizations. Central Avenue in Lawrence (and its continuation in Cedarhurst) has a large and growing number of kosher restaurants and other business catering to the Orthodox community.
Lawrence is located at (40.609566, -73.726543)Web site: States Census Bureau] US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990]. 2011-04-23. 2011-02-12. .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 4.7 square miles (12.1 km²), of which, 3.8 square miles (10.0 km²) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.2 km²) of it (17.91%) is water.
As of the censusWeb site: States Census Bureau] American FactFinder]. 2008-01-31. of 2000, there were 6,522 people, 2,113 households, and 1,629 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,694.6 people per square mile (654.1/km²). There were 2,287 housing units at an average density of 594.2/sq mi (229.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.19% White, 1.13% African American, 0.02% Native American, 1.73% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.00% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.42% of the population.
There were 2,113 households out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.7% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.9% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.62.
In the village the population was spread out with 32.6% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 20.3% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $104,845, and the median income for a family was $129,779. Males had a median income of $99,841 versus $41,094 for females. The per capita income for the village was $51,602. About 4.3% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.
The Village of Lawrence is governed by an elected Mayor and Board of Trustees. The present Mayor is C. Simon Felder, elected in 2008. Members of the Board of Trustees are as follows:
The Hebrew Academy of the Five Towns and Rockaway, is a K-12 Modern Orthodox school where students study Jewish and secular subjects in a dual curriculum. The Pre-School, Kindergarten and Elementary schools are located on one campus on Frost Lane and Washington Avenue.
The Brandeis School is a conservative Jewish Day School located in Lawrence.
Lawrence is also home to the Shor Yoshuv Institute , a Rabbinical College with several hundred students.
The N31 and N32 (Long Island bus) buses of MTA Long Island Bus (Metropolitan Suburban Bus Authority) runs down Central Avenue extending southwest into Far Rockaway (with a connection to the Line of the New York City Subway) and northeast to the Hempstead Bus Terminal in central Nassau County with connections to other parts of Long Island.
Lawrence is served by the Lawrence-Cedarhurst Fire Department. The LCFD consists of 85 volunteer firefighters and emergency medical technicians and provides fire protection to the villages of Lawrence and Cedarhurst, as well as the North Lawrence Fire District and East Lawrence Fire District. The LCFD also responds to alarms such as car accidents and aided cases on the Atlantic Beach Bridge.
Notable current and former residents of Lawrence include: