|Jerome Isaac Friedman|
|Birth Date:||28 March 1930|
|Birth Place:||Chicago, Illinois|
|Doctoral Advisor:||Enrico Fermi|
|Known For:||Experimental proof of quarks|
|Prizes:||Nobel Prize in Physics (1990)|
Jerome Isaac Friedman (born March 28, 1930) is an American physicist. He was born in Chicago, Illinois to parents who emigrated to the US from Russia, and excelled particularly in art while growing up. He became interested in physics after reading a book on relativity written by Albert Einstein, and as a result he turned down a scholarship to the Art Institute of Chicago to study physics at the University of Chicago. Whilst there he worked under Enrico Fermi, and eventually received his Ph.D. in physics in 1956. In 1960 he joined the physics faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
In 1968-1969, commuting between MIT and California, he conducted experiments with Henry W. Kendall and Richard E. Taylor at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center which gave the first experimental evidence that protons had an internal structure, later known to be quarks. For this, Friedman, Kendall and Taylor shared the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physics. He is an Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Prof. Friedman is a member of the Board of Sponsors of The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientistshttp://www.thebulletin.org/content/about-us/board-of-sponsors.
In 2008, Friedman received an honorary PhD from University of Belgrade (Belgrade, Serbia). He is honorary professor at the University of Belgrade's Faculty of Physics http://www.ff.bg.ac.rs and Faculty's world famous institutes: Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics http://www.ff.bg.ac.rs, Institute of Physics Zemun http://www.phy.bg.ac.rs and Vinca Nuclear Institute.