|Jerome Isaac Friedman|
|Birth Date:||28 March 1930|
|Birth Place:||Chicago, Illinois|
|Doctoral Advisor:||Enrico Fermi|
|Known For:||Experimental proof of quarks|
|Prizes:||Nobel Prize in Physics (1990)|
Jerome Isaac Friedman (born March 28, 1930) is an American physicist. He was born in Chicago, Illinois to parents who emigrated to the US from Russia, and excelled particularly in art while growing up. He became interested in physics after reading a book on relativity written by Albert Einstein, and as a result he turned down a scholarship to the Art Institute of Chicago to study physics at the University of Chicago. While there he worked under Enrico Fermi, and eventually received his Ph.D. in physics in 1956. In 1960 he joined the physics faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
In 1968-1969, he conducted experiments with Henry W. Kendall at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center which gave the first experimental evidence that protons had an internal structure, later known to be quarks. For this, Friedman and Kendall won the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physics. He is an Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Prof. Friedman is a member of the Board of Sponsors of The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientistshttp://www.thebulletin.org.
In 2008, Friedman received honorary PhD from University of Belgrade (Belgrade, Serbia). He is honorary professor at the University of Belgrade's Faculty of Physicshttp://www.ff.bg.ac.yu and Faculty's world famous institutes: Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physicshttp://www.ff.bg.ac.yu, Institute of Physics Zemunhttp://www.ff.bg.ac.yu and Institute for Nuclear Sciences Vinčahttp://www.vin.bg.ac.yu.