Hot Dance Club Play Explained
Billboard's Hot Dance Club Play chart (also known as Club Play Singles, and formerly known as Hot Dance Music/Club Play and Hot Dance/Disco) is a weekly national survey of the songs that are most popular in U.S. dance clubs. It is compiled by Billboard exclusively from playlists submitted by nightclub disc jockeys who must apply and meet certain criteria to become "Billboard-reporting DJs."
The current number-one song on the Hot Dance Club Play chart (issue date/week ending March 14, 2009) is "Away" by Enrique Iglesias featuring Sean Garrett.
The Hot Dance Club Play chart has undergone several incarnations since its inception in 1974. Originally a top-ten list of tracks that garnered the largest audience response in New York City discothèques, the chart began on October 26, 1974 under the title Disco Action. The chart went on to feature playlists from various cities around the country from week to week.
Billboard continued to run regional or city-specific charts throughout 1975 and 1976, while rival music publication Record World was the first publication to feature a chart that encompassed club play on a national level. Billboard has since adopted Record Worlds chart statistics from the weeks between March 29, 1975 and August 21, 1976 into their Hot Dance Club Play chart history, as Billboard did not publish a national chart during this time.
Beginning on August 28, 1976, a thirty-position National Disco Action Top 30 premiered, which quickly expanded to forty positions. In 1979 the chart expanded to sixty positions, then eighty, and finally reached 100 positions from 1979 until 1981, when it was reduced to eighty again.
During the first half of the 1980s the chart maintained eighty slots until March 16, 1985 when the Disco charts were splintered and renamed. Two charts appeared: Hot Dance/Disco, which ranked club play (fifty positions), and Hot Maxi-Single Sales, which ranked 12-inch single (or maxi-single) sales (also fifty positions).
These two charts still exist today, under the official titles Hot Dance Club Play and Hot Dance Single Sales. In 2003 Billboard introduced the Hot Dance Airplay chart, which is based solely on radio airplay of seven dance music stations electronically monitored by Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems. These stations are also a part of the electronically monitored panel that encompasses the Hot 100.
Chart statistics and other facts
- Artists with the most number-one Hot Dance Club Play hits:
1. Madonna — 39
2. Janet Jackson — 18
3. Donna Summer — 15
4. Mariah Carey — 14
5. Whitney Houston — 12 (tie)
5. Kristine W — 12 (tie)
7. Deborah Cox — 9
8. Beyoncé — 8 (tie)
8. C+C Music Factory/Clivilles & Cole — 8 (tie)
8. Kim English — 8 (tie)
8. Pet Shop Boys — 8 (tie)
8. Rihanna — 8 (tie)
- The first 12-inch single made commercially available to the public was "Ten Percent" by Double Exposure in 1976.
- The first number one on Billboards Disco Action chart was "Never Can Say Goodbye" by Gloria Gaynor in 1974.
- The first number one on Billboards National Disco Action Top 30 was "You Should Be Dancing" by the Bee Gees in 1976.
- From the dance chart's inception until the week of February 16, 1991, several (or even all) songs on an EP or album could occupy the same position if more than one track from a release was receiving significant play in clubs (for example, Michael Jackson spent eleven weeks at number one in 1983 with Thriller). Chart entries like this were especially prevalent during the disco era, where an entire side of an album would contain several songs segued together seamlessly to replicate a night of dancing in a club. Beginning with the February 23, 1991 issue, the dance chart became "song specific," meaning only one song could occupy each position at a time.
- Hot Dance Club Play is one of the last remaining Billboard charts that remains "frozen" for one week (either the last week in December or the first week in January, depending on the calendar year). As the Hot Dance Club Play chart is not monitored electronically like most of the other charts, all songs "hold" their positions for the additional week, and still have the frozen week added to their "weeks on chart" total.
- Madonna holds the record for the most chart hits, the most top-twenty hits, the most top-ten hits and the most total weeks at number one (69 weeks). She also has the most top-ten hits from one album (seven tracks from her album American Life).
- The Trammps are the only act to replace themselves at number one (issue date June 5, 1976, "That's Where the Happy People Go" → "Disco Party").
- Kristine W's first nine chart entries all hit number one. She therefore also holds the record for the longest streak of uninterrupted chart-toppers, which was broken in 2006 with the number-two peak of "I'll Be Your Light".
- "The Boss" is the only song to reach number one by three different artists: Diana Ross in 1979, The Braxtons in 1997 and Kristine W in 2008.
- The longest running number-ones on the Hot Dance Club Play chart are "Bad Luck" song by Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes in 1975 and the above mentioned album Thriller by Michael Jackson. Both entries spent eleven weeks in the top spot.
- "One Word" by Kelly Osbourne made chart history on June 18, 2005 when it became the first song to simultaneously top the Hot Dance Club Play, Hot Dance Singles Sales and Hot Dance Airplay charts.
- LeAnn Rimes became the first country music artist to have topped both the Billboard country chart and the Dance Club Play Chart. Rimes, who had several remixes of her Country hits reach the Club Play chart (her highest being "Can't Fight the Moonlight" which peaked at #17 in 2000 and "Tic Toc" at #10 in 2003), acheived that distinction during the week of February 28, 2009, when the electronic dance music remixes of her 2008 single "What I Cannot Change" reached number one on the Club Play chart .
Notes and References
- http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/chart_display.jsp?g=Singles&f=Hot+Dance+Club+Play Billboard.com, Hot Dance Club Play
- Book: Whitburn, Joel. Billboard Hot Dance/Disco 1974-2003. 0-89820-156-X. Record Research. 2004.
- http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/chart_display.jsp?g=Singles&f=Hot+Dance+Singles+Sales Billboard.com - Charts - Singles - Hot Dance Singles Sales
- http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/chart_display.jsp?g=Singles&f=Hot+Dance+Airplay Billboard.com - Charts - Singles - Hot Dance Airplay
- Web site: LeAnn Breaks record on the Billboard charts. LeAnn Rimes World.com. 2009-02-20.