|Pop Date:||Jan.1, 2006 estimate|
-March 8, 1999 census
Haute-Garonne is part of the current region of Midi-Pyrénées and is surrounded by the departments of Hautes-Pyrénées, Gers, Tarn-et-Garonne, Tarn, Aude, and Ariège. It also borders Spain in the south (province of Lleida and province of Huesca). Along with other agricultural products, this village is well known for its farming and production of pork and of other pig products. It is referred to by locals at times as "Le village de Jambon" (the town of ham) for this reason. 
The department is crossed by the upper course of the Garonne River (hence the name) for nearly 200 kilometers (125 miles). The borders of the department follow the river. The Garonne enters France from Spain at the town of Fos, goes through Toulouse and leaves the department The extreme south of the department lies in the Pyrenees mountain range and is very mountainous. The highest elevation is the Peak of Perdiguère, at 3,222 meters (10,571 ft) above sea level.
The inhabitants of the department are called Haut-Garonnais. The greatest population concentration is around Toulouse. The south of the department is quite sparsely populated. More than a million people inhabited the department at the last census in 1999. Young people are well represented with 55% of the population under the age of 40 and of those, 16% are between the ages of 20 and 29. This is because Toulouse is a university town.
The largest towns are :
|Commune||Population (1999)||Commune||Population (1999)|
|Toulouse||390 350||Colomiers||28 538|
|Tournefeuille||22 758||Muret||20 735|
|Blagnac||20 586||Plaisance-du-Touch||14 164|
|Cugnaux||12 997||L'Union||12 141|
|Balma||11 944||Ramonville-Saint-Agne||11 696|
|Saint-Orens-de-Gameville||11 142||Saint-Gaudens||10 845|
|Castanet-Tolosan||10 250||Portet-sur-Garonne||8 737|
|Saint-Jean||8 362||Villeneuve-Tolosane||8 252|
|Revel||7 985||Castelginest||7 735|
|Pibrac||7 440||Fonsorbes||6 909|
The department has four ski resorts.