|Official Name:||Haldimand County|
|Settlement Type:||Single-tier municipality|
|Leader Name:||Marie Trainer|
|Leader Title1:||Governing Body|
|Leader Name1:||The Council of Corporation of Haldimand County|
|Leader Name2:||Diane Finley (Con)|
|Leader Name3:||Toby Barrett (Con)|
|Established Date:||1800 (County)|
|Established Date2:||1974 (Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk)|
|Established Date3:||2001 (Single-tier municipality)|
|Area Total Km2:||1251.58|
|Population Density Km2:||36.1|
|Utc Offset Dst:||-4|
|Postal Code Type:||Postal code span|
Haldimand (2006 population 45,212) is a rural city-status single-tier municipality (but called a county) on the Niagara Peninsula in southern Ontario, Canada, on the north shore of Lake Erie, and on the Grand River. Municipal offices are located in Cayuga.
Haldimand's history has been closely associated with that of the neighbouring Norfolk County. Haldimand was first created as a county in 1800, from a portion of Norfolk. It was named after the governor of the Province of Quebec Sir Frederick Haldimand. In 1844 the land was surrendered by Six Nations to the Crown in an agreement that was signed by the vast majority of Chiefs in the Haldimand tract. The two counties were separate until 1974, when they were reunited as the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk.
In 2001, the counties were separated again. Although they both retain the name "county" for historical reasons, each is governed as a single municipality, with no formal level of government below that of the county, and thus neither is a true county.
Beginning in February 2006, a land dispute by native protestors began near Caledonia over a housing development being built on the outskirts of town, which members of the nearby Mohawk Six Nations people claim the is rightfully their land, see the Caledonia land dispute.
The main centres in Haldimand are Jarvis, Hagersville, Caledonia, Cayuga and Dunnville. Part of the Six Nations Reserve is in Haldimand County, but not within its jurisdiction. Most of Haldimand is agricultural land, although some heavy industry, including the Nanticoke Generating Station, is located here.
Smaller communities within the municipality are Attercliffe Station, Balmoral, Bodri Bay, Brookers Bay, Byng, Canborough, Canfield, Cheapside, Clanbrassil, Cranston, Crescent Bay, Darling Road, Decewsville, Dufferin, Empire Corners, Erie, Eriestone, Featherstone Point, Fisherville, Garnet, Hickory Beach, Hoover Point, Kohler, Lambs Corners, Little Buffalo, Lowbanks, Lythmore, Moulton, Mount Carmel, Mount Healy, Nanticoke, Nelles Corners, Peacock Point, Port Maitland, Rainham Centre, Sandusk, Selkirk, Sims Lock Road, South Cayuga, Springvale, Stromness, Sweets Corners, Townsend, Upper, Varency, Willow Grove, Woodlawn Park and York.
The ghost town of Indiana is also located within Haldimand.
Haldimand County area 284817acres was formed from part of the land grant to the Six Nations in 1783. The County was purchased by treaty and opened for general settlement in 1832. It was first settled by white veterans of Butler's Rangers established there by Joseph Brant. A large number of Germans were among the first settlers.
Source: Province of Ontario -- A History 1615 to 1927 by Jesse Edgar Middleton & Fred Landon, copyright 1927, Dominion Publishing Company, Toronto
N/A=Data Not Available
Current Mayor: Marie Trainer
Highways that travel through Haldimand include: Kings Highway #3, and Kings Highway #6