Norman Osborn, Iron Patriot, and OsCorp redirect here.
|Character Name:||Green Goblin|
|Real Name:||Norman Virgil Osborn|
|Debut:||(As Green Goblin) Amazing Spider-Man #14 (July 1964) (As Norman Osborn) Amazing Spider-Man #37|
Commission on Superhuman Activities
|Aliases:||Iron Patriot, Goblin Lord, Overlord, the Goblin, "Gobby"|
The Green Goblin is a name shared by several fictional supervillains that appear in comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man #14 (July 1964), and was created by writer Stan Lee and artist Steve Ditko. The original and current Green Goblin, Norman Osborn, is an enemy of Spider-Man. After a serum enhanced industrialist Norman Osborn's physical abilities and intellect but also drove him insane, he adopted a Halloween-themed appearance, dressing in a goblin costume and using an arsenal of high-tech weapons, notably grenade-like "Pumpkin Bombs" while riding on a bat-shaped "Goblin Glider" to terrorize New York City. The character has appeared in numerous Spider-Man related media throughout the years, including television series and the Spider-Man films in which he is portrayed by Academy Award-nominated actor Willem Dafoe. The character was ranked number 19 on Wizard Magazine's Top 100 Greatest Villains Ever list.
According to Steve Ditko, the Green Goblin, as we know him, was entirely his creation. He claims:
The Green Goblin first appeared in Amazing Spider-Man #14. His identity was unknown. He proved popular and reappeared in later issues which made a point of his secret identity. Apparently, Lee and Ditko disagreed on who he should be. According to one theory, Lee always wanted him to be someone Peter Parker knew, while Ditko wanted him to be a stranger, feeling this was closer to real life. Ditko seems to have refuted this rumor, however, claiming:
Ditko left the series before he could reveal the Goblin's identity and Lee decided in #39 to identify him as Norman Osborn, a character who had been introduced only two issues earlier, the father of Harry Osborn, introduced in #31. John Romita, Sr., who replaced Ditko as the title's artist, recalls:
Interestingly, Norman Osborn was depicted as a villainous character even before being revealed as the Green Gobin. In his first appearance in issue #37, he was revealed to have framed his partner Mendel Stromm as a thief, sending him to jail, and was willing to shoot. He vowed to eliminate Spider-Man for interfering with his plans and in #38 he offers a reward to anyone in the underworld who takes out the wall-crawler. It seems apparent that Osborn was going to be used as an antagonistic figure to Spider-Man even before being chosen to be the Goblin.
Osborn discovers Spider-Man's true identity in Amazing #39, but then suffers amnesia so that the story that revealed the Goblin's origin would also be his last appearance. However, the Green Goblin would come back three times, the third time killing Parker's girlfriend, Gwen Stacy. This landmark storyline shocked comic readers. It had been unthinkable to kill off such an important character - the protagonist's love interest and a character with a large fanbase. This story arc is considered one of the markers of the end of the Silver Age of Comic Books, and the beginning of the darker, grittier Bronze Age. After having the Goblin kill Spider-Man's girlfriend, writer Gerry Conway decided that the Goblin had to pay a heavy price. In the next issue, the Goblin has his final battle with Spider-Man in which he ended up unintentionally killing himself. With Norman killed off, the writers have used others to take the mantle of the Green Goblin, including Norman's son Harry. Writer Roger Stern decided to create a new goblin and introduced the Hobgoblin to replace the Green Goblin as Spider-Man's archenemy.
During the Clone Saga, the Spider-Man writers were met with a massive outcry from many readers after the decision to replace Peter with his clone Ben Reilly as the regular, true Spider-Man. Eventually, the writers decided to reveal that one of Spider-Man's archenemies had been manipulating events from behind the scenes. The initial plan was to have Mephisto but it was felt a more down-to-earth characater was needed. It was suggested that Harry Osborn, who was killed off in Spectacular Spider-man #200, would be revealed to be the semi-zombified cyborg known as "Gaunt". Gaunt was a late entry to the controversial storyline, created mainly as a plot device to return Harry to life, as the plan for the character included Harry regaining his humanity, taking credit for tricking Peter Parker into thinking he was a clone, and resuming his identity as the Green Goblin full-time. However, the plotline was nixed by newly promoted editor in chief Bob Harras, who disliked the Harry Osborn character and instead had Norman be the mastermind and revealing Gaunt as Mendel Stromm.
The decision to resurrect the original Green Goblin was also very controversial; his death was part of "The Death of Gwen Stacy" storyline that was widely considered a classic, but it was deemed necessary by Marvel's then editor in chief. Osborn's return led to a brief stint in a Lex Luthor-like role, minimizing his Goblin identity and leading to "The Final Chapter," which closed out the first volume of Amazing Spider-Man.
The end of Marvel's Civil War storyline marked the start of the character's climb to power, which would result in him becoming one of the most important characters in the Marvel Universe.
Following Civil War, Warren Ellis took over writing duties on Thunderbolts, and Osborn was brought into the title, as the team director, as he was one of the characters offered to Ellis, and was picked because, according to Thunderbolts editor Molly Lazer, "[t]here was something about Norman, his instability, and his fixation with Spider-Man that Warren liked, so he’s in the book!" . However, Ellis admitted to not being that familiar with the character "all I remember of the Norman Osborn character was from the Spider-Man reprints my parents used to buy me when I was very young, and Norman Osborn was this guy with a weird rippled crewcut who was always sweating and his eyes were always bulging out of his head. That guy as a Donald Rumsfeld-like public governmental figure... [Joe Quesada] talked me into writing the book while I was still laughing." Lazer confirmed that the new team was answerable to the Commission on Superhuman Activities, giving him the opportunity to do what he wanted: "He's a free man with a lot of power .... And his agenda, well, it's not that secret. He wants to get Spider-Man.". and Osborn became director of the team.
Writer Christos Gage would then take over for the Secret Invasion tie-in stories,  which ended with Osborn taking credit for the defeat of the Skrulls. This allowed the character to be moved up into an influential position in the aftermath, Dark Reign. Although the dark turn at the end was always part of the plan for the storyline, Brian Michael Bendis, Secret Invasion's writer, says that Osborn was picked for the leading role because of the changes implemented by Ellis: "While I was putting it together, Warren [Ellis]'s Thunderbolts run made it very clear that if one would choose to do so, Norman was on track to head toward this kind of storyline, very organically, very in-character, and very much within the realm of what was going on.
Osborn draws together a secret group of characters, known as the Cabal who would manipulate events from behind the scenes.  As his actions impacted on the Avengers Osborn is shown drawing together his own replacement, the Dark Avengers, with part of the new team drawn from members of the Thunderbolts as well as other characters (and Osborn himself as the Iron Patriot) leading to a team which writer Bendis describes as "Norman's team is made up of people who are outstanding at what they do. These are bad-ass, hardcore get-it-done types. They'll close the door and take care of business and he's dressing them up to make them something that the people want". Meanwhile, Andy Diggle, writer of The Losers, took over the writing of the Thunderbolts and introduced a new team drawing on characters with abilities that make the Thunderbolts into Osborn's black ops team, saying that "Norman selected agents with stealth, infiltration and assassination skills rather than overt flying-and-fighting type powers" and "now that he's reached a higher level, he's reconfiguring the Thunderbolts into something much more covert and much more lethal: his own personal hit squad". Diggle's Osborn is still mad: "To quote the movie 'Speed,' he's 'crazy, not stupid.' He's clearly fiercely intelligent and a natural born leader, with the ego and competitive drive to succeed against all odds. He also just happens to be crazy as a shithouse rat," going on to describe his take on Osborn: "I think the secret to understanding Norman is that he doesn't realize he's the villain. He thinks he's the hero. He truly believes that he deserves public adulation, and it bugs the hell out of him that so-called 'superheroes' are getting it instead of him."
Norman Osborn, the original Green Goblin, was the son of wealthy businessman Amberson Osborn. The Osborn family fortune was established by Alton Osborn, Norman's great-grandfather, a man referred to by his enemies as a "robber baron". There is indication that Norman's childhood was somewhat normal, he claims to have read comic books and H. G. Wells as a kid. But that did not last, because Norman's father loses almost all of the family fortune that Alton had attained, claiming to have been cheated and that someone had stolen his invention. Amberson eventually becomes a drunkard, often lashing out at his wife and son because of his own failures. Distraught by the abuse from his father, the young Osborn kills the family dog, considering it another unnecessary mouth to feed. Norman was subjected to not only verbal abuse from his father, but psychological abuse as well. On at least one occasion in Norman's childhood, Amberson locked Norman in one of the family's empty estates in an attempt to toughen him. It is in that darkened mansion that Norman is haunted by a "green, goblin-like" creature that is "waiting to pounce on him." Norman eventually accepts the darkness and it is very likely that the he eventually chooses the guise of the Green Goblin to strike fear in his enemies in the same way he was terrified by the "green, goblin-like" creature of his childhood. All of these events had a severe impact on Norman, planting the seeds of the wealth and power megalomaniac he would eventually become. He would stop at nothing to regain the family wealth that his father had lost.
Norman attended ESU for college where he studied chemistry and electrical engineering and soon meets the love of his life, Emily. The two marry and eventually have a son, Harry Osborn. Emily brought a balance to Norman's life that he had never experienced previously and he loved her greatly. Tragically, Emily died before Harry turned a year old, leaving Norman a distraught single father. The loss of Emily caused Norman to re-focus on his plan to attain wealth and power, a decision that left him very little time for Harry. Norman spoiled Harry with material things from the success of his business, but failed to give him any true parenting. Norman's ruthless business tactics led him to frame the co-founder of his chemical company, Mendel Stromm, for embezzlement. Stromm claimed to have only borrowed the money from their account and that he had no intention of stealing it. Osborn turned Stromm over to the police anyway, leaving Norman the sole owner of the chemical company, Osborn Industries. Norman then began experimenting on his own employees with some strength enhancing formulae, but he struggled to decipher Stromm's notes. One such employee, Nels Van Adder, went on a killing spree as the red, demon-like monster called the "Proto-Goblin". When Van Adder tried to kill Norman at Stromm's private laboratory, Norman is saved by Arthur and George Stacy. After the dust settled, Norman found more of Stromm's notes hidden within the structure of his old desk. He was convinced that this is the remaining information needed to re-create Stromm's work. Interestingly, Norman's original intent is not to make a strength enhancing formula to use on himself, rather a formula that he could sell for profit to become wealthy. However, when Osborn attempted to duplicate Stromm's formula, it turned green and exploded in his face, leaving him in the hospital. He quickly recovered and soon realized that the explosion had greatly increased his intelligence and strength. Although given these tremendous gifts, his delicate disposition was tipped and the explosion had cost him his sanity.
Since the origin of the Green Goblin was first told as a flashback in Amazing Spider-Man #40, it is sometimes difficult to discern in retconned stories whether or not Norman has already been exposed to the exploding green serum that ultimately gives him his powers. Interestingly, in Marvel Knights Spider-Man #9, Mac Gargan, the Scorpion, tells Peter Parker the history of super villains. He states that they were created in the forties when the “ruling class”, companies responsible for putting governments into office, desired to keep emerging super heroes at bay, and away from discovering the corruptness that they have been utilizing to prevail. This “divide and conquer” tactic led to contracted super villains, of which Norman Osborn was one of the favorites, until he went out of control with the Goblin persona. It is unclear exactly when and how this fits into Norman’s early escapades as the Goblin, but with all of the super-criminal alliances he was forming, it is possible that some of these connections were made through this “ruling class” cabal.
However, one event, which takes place around the time of the events of Fantastic Four #1-4, could be Norman’s first “post explosion” appearance, and thus marks the beginning of his assault on the criminal underworld. In this story, Osborn comes into conflict with the still amnesiac and homeless Namor when he trashes some of the machinery at one of Norman’s businesses. At this point, Norman already has the public reputation as a ruthless businessman and a close affiliation with the hired goons known as the Enforcers. When Namor’s companion, an “off the wagon” street vagrant named John, returns to the scene where Namor had trashed Osborn’s property to remove his fingerprints, Norman is there waiting for him. The Enforcers beat him to within inches of his life in effort to find out who was responsible for these actions against Norman. John doesn’t rat out Namor and Norman and his crew leave the alcoholic for dead.
In Amazing Spider-Man #10, Spidey defeats the Enforcers and unmasks Frederick Foswell as the Big Man. With the Big Man out of commission, Norman sends the Headsman to take out Spider-Man, who Norman feels is going to be disruptive to his plans. Spider-Man defeats the Headsman and the Enforcers as well. At this point, Norman has the Scorcher, Enforcers and the Headsman working for him. He has hired the Scorcher specifically to steal more plans for electronics equipment, turbine engines, and explosives so that Osborn can use them for his desires. However, Norman is infuriated by the failure of his associates and resolves to handling the problem himself. Norman is seen having sketched the mask for his Goblin persona. Osborn adopts the bizarre identity of the Green Goblin, based on a monster he feared in his childhood. His arsenal of weapons includes a personal flying device, which starts in a broomstick-like shape and evolves into his Goblin Glider. He also develops hand grenade-like explosive weapons resembling pumpkins, sharp shuriken-like razor-bats, and gloves that fire blasts of energy from the fingertips.
The first direct conflict between Spider-Man and the Green Goblin occurs when the Goblin convinces Hollywood movie executive B.J. Cosmos that he can get Spider-man and they can then make a movie with him. The Goblin enlists the help of the Enforcers for his trap, since they were recently defeated by Spider-Man. During a "rehearsal", Spider-Man is attacked and the fight interrupts the Hulk, who was seeking solitude. The Green Goblin escapes while Spider-Man is distracted by the Hulk and the Enforcers. Later, the Green Goblin approaches Lucky Lobo and claims to be able to take out Spider-Man and the Headsman. While Spider-Man struggles against the Headsman, the Goblin easily defeats the Headsman claiming that he had been given technology by the Goblin and he failed when using it. Spider-Man is unaware that it is the Goblin who has defeated the Headsman. Later, after defeating a “robo” spidey, the Green Goblin feels he’s ready to challenge Spider-Man and defeat him this time. He chooses to attack Spider-Man at the first meeting of the Spider-Man Fan Club. The Human Torch interrupts the fight, but the Goblin evades him and escapes before being caught. Spider-Man bails out of the fight because he hears that his Aunt May has suffered a heart attack. Soon after, the Green Goblin approaches the Scarecrow and offers an alliance with him as he, the Green Goblin, unites the underworld. The Scarecrow refuses to be his ally. The Green Goblin then approaches the gang boss Lucky Lobo and requests that he hand over the leadership of his criminal operations to him. Lucky refuses. The Green Goblin then exposes Lucky to the public and the police raid Lucky’s establishments. Spider-Man sees this and he tails the Goblin as he goes after Lucky. Spider-Man takes down Lucky’s crew and then goes after the Goblin. The Goblin escapes before being captured by Spider-Man.
After unsuccessfully taking over Lucky Lobo’s operations, the Green Goblin initiates an alliance with the Crime Master. The Crime Master agrees to ally himself with the Green Goblin, if the Goblin reveals his true identity to him. Norman double crosses the Crime Master and exposes himself as J. Jonah Jameson. During a dedication ceremony, a distraction set up by Norman, the Crime Master’s men attempt to steal a Seismic Ray Device (S.R.D.). Spider-Man stops them and the Green Goblin intervenes to get the S.R.D. The Crime Master feels the Green Goblin is settling a personal vendetta, so he tries to kill Spider-Man and the Green Goblin at the same time. The Goblin escapes from Spider-Man and vows to “deal” with the Crime Master who now has the ability to reveal his identity because of his close association with J. Jonah Jameson. It is revealed that the true identity of the Crime Master is Nick Lewis. The Crime Master decides he no longer wants to work with the Green Goblin and that he is going to pursue uniting the underworld on his own. The Crime Master begins making power moves at known mobs and he even manages to take down Spider-Man, or so he thinks. The Green Goblin manages to sneak up on Spider-Man and is able to deliver a knockout blow with his glider. He then takes the unconscious Spider-Man to the collection of gangsters that the Crime Master has assembled in an effort to assert his leadership. The Green Goblin has a chance to unmask Spider-Man but Spider-Man who's costume had been lost at this point was wearing a cheap second-hand costume which he kept together with webbing so the mask, being webbed on was impossible to remove but to keep up the criminal's faith claims “There’ll be time for that later!” Spider-Man is now a captive of the Green Goblin, who just swayed a whole room filled with mobsters to follow his lead. However, Spider-Man soon regains consciousness from the nerve gas he was exposed to and is able to get out of the chains that had bound him. With the help of the police, Spider-Man is able to subdue the mobsters, unfortunately the Crime Master and the Green Goblin get away. Soon after, however, the Crime Master is caught and killed by the police before he can reveal the Goblin’s identity. The Goblin is now fed up with Spider-Man and his goals switch from uniting the underworld to a personal vendetta with Spider-Man.
After multiple conflicts with Spider-Man, the Green Goblin soon begins to view his foe as a personal rival, and not just an obstacle on his way to controlling the underworld. The Goblin soon returns from the shadows and stages a robbery in the effort to attract Spider-Man; indeed it does. During the fight with the robbers, Spider-Man is exposed to a gas, designed by the Goblin, to dull his Spider-Sense. This allows the Goblin to track Spider-Man and obtain his true identity as Peter Parker. The Goblin then confronts Spider-Man outside his home and the Goblin is able to subdue Spider-Man. Back at his waterfront hideout while Spider-Man is restrained, the Green Goblin exposes his true identity as Norman Osborn. The Goblin soon frees Spider-Man from the restraints because it would be a hollow victory to defeat an impaired Spider-Man. The Goblin is confident because he feels Spider-Man has yet to defeat him in battle. During the ensuing fight, the Goblin is knocked unconscious by an “electro-chemical charge”. His exposure to the charge results in Norman getting temporary amnesia and forgetting the “last few years” and thus ever becoming the Green Goblin. Peter changes Norman back into one of his civilian suits and the authorities believe the Green Goblin died in the fire.
Later, while Norman is living a Goblin-free life, Kraven the Hunter crosses his path because he is convinced Norman is the Goblin’s messenger. Kraven claims that the Green Goblin offered him $20K to kill Spider-Man and he wanted an advance payment, unfortunately Kraven couldn’t collect from the Goblin directly because he believed the Goblin was dead. Unable to locate Norman, Kraven abducts Harry Osborn only to be thwarted by Spider-Man. Norman arrives during the fight and Kraven immediately attacks him. However, Kraven soon becomes convinced that Norman does not know what not know anything about the Green Goblin nor the money he owes Kraven. Kraven leaves Norman unharmed, Norman was saved by his amnesia. Some time after those events, Norman meets Kraven and offers him a great deal of money as well as an alliance. Norman assures Kraven that he will someday control a vast worldwide empire. However, Kraven feels dishonored by Norman’s actions and ends their brief alliance.
Norman continues to be periodically troubled by memories of the Green Goblin and Spider-Man. The memories amount to nothing other than lashing out at the people around him, namely Harry, J. Jonah, and Peter. During a presentation by Captain George Stacy on supervillains, Norman’s memory is sparked by images of the Goblin Battling Spider-Man. He remembers that he is the Goblin and he is ready to exact his revenge on Peter Parker. Norman holds a gathering for Harry and his friends in order to get Peter in a vulnerable situation. Peter creates a diversion and gets out of Norman’s home, but the Goblin goes to Peter’s Aunt’s house. A fight ensues and Spider-Man is exposed to a psychedelic bomb, which allows the Goblin to render Spider-Man helpless. However, Spider-Man soon recovers and he uses the same psychedelic bomb on the Goblin, which induces another amnesia spell. At this point, Norman is still unaware the he is the Green Goblin.
Some time later, after watching a show featuring Mary Jane Watson, Norman is troubled by a door that he sees in a back alleyway. Peter follows Norman and changes into his Spidey costume. The door turns out to be that of an old Goblin hideout and when Norman goes in; his memory is jogged and he again becomes the Green Goblin. A fight ensues and the Goblin thinks he has left Spider-Man to fall to his death. Meanwhile, Harry overdoses on pills in an attempt to get Mary Jane off his mind. Harry is then taken in an ambulance to the hospital for treatment. A second battle between the Goblin and Spider-Man occurs and Spidey guides the Goblin on his glider to see Harry in the hospital. The vision of Harry causes Norman to breakdown, once again having temporary amnesia and forgetting that he is the Goblin and that Peter is Spider-Man. As traumatic as these events were, Norman’s next dealing with Peter would prove his most tragic.
Norman's conflict with Peter at a very personal level began in the pages of Amazing Spider-Man #39, but it most certainly did not end there. The stresses that ultimately lead Norman to unleash the Goblin's fury on Spider-Man do not even originate from the wall crawler himself. In fact, Harry's drug addiction resurfaces and he becomes bed ridden from overdosing on LSD. The stress from Harry and the news that his company’s stock is down 13% causes Norman to lose control, have delusions involving Spider-Man and eventually revert to the Green Goblin. He once again plans to exact his revenge upon Spider-Man and this time in doing so, he kidnaps Gwen Stacy who was at Peter’s home waiting for him. Spider-Man tracks the Goblin to the Brooklyn Bridge where a fight ensues and the Goblin knocks Gwen off of the side of the bridge. In one of the most memorable comic panels of the Silver Age, Spider-Man shoots a web line to catch the falling Gwen, but the jolt from the sudden stop appears to snap Gwen's neck. Because of that, Peter to this day feels guilty for her death, in the same way he feels remorse for his Uncle Ben's death. Of interesting note, in Kurt Busiek's Marvels, photographer Phil Sheldon witnesses both the Green Goblin leaving the apartment with Gwen Stacy and her death on the bridge. Enraged by the Goblin's brutal plan, Spider-Man continues fighting him on the bridge. But Spider-Man's fury blinds him and he gets sloppy and is knocked out by a bridge cable, allowing the Goblin to escape. Luckily, Peter gets a tip from Joe Robertson that leads him to finding Norman at his Goblin hideout. In the ensuing fight, Spider-Man is able to neutralize the Goblin, but the Goblin sends his Goblin Glider to hit Spider-Man from behind. Spider-Man ducks to avoid the glider and the Goblin is impaled, causing his “death.” Peter feels no retribution in watching Norman die. There is a mysterious figure watching all these events transpire and it is later revealed to be Harry Osborn.
Another interesting facet to this story arc and Spider-Man mythos, is that in Amazing Spider-Man #121, Spider-Man refers to the Brooklyn Bridge as the George Washington Bridge and even going further to say that Norman took her to this bridge because George Washington was Norman's favorite president. Most stories published after Amazing Spider-Man #121, refer to the site of this tragedy as occurring at the Brooklyn Bridge. The artwork in Amazing Spider-Man #121 is clearly indicative of the Brooklyn Bridge.
While Norman was believed to be dead, multiple individuals raided his Goblin hideouts and used his Green Goblin technology. Most notably were his son Harry Osborn, Harry's psychiatrist Bart Hamilton, Roderick Kingsley, and Ben Urich's nephew Phil.
Its tough to keep a good villain down though, and we soon learn that Norman did not die that day. In fact, the Green Goblin formula that gave Norman his powers, also endowed him with a healing factor, which allowed him to circumvent this certain death. Norman first awakes inside a morgue, where he realizes that he has survived the impalement of the glider. He sees Harry bribing the mortician and decides to let Harry have a chance to be a man and take up the mantle of the Green Goblin. Norman leaves for Europe where he can move more freely and be unnoticed. He also becomes the undisputed leader of the Scrier cabal, which he utilizes to carry out his revenge on Peter Parker. Norman’s pawns to help him carry out the mind games with Peter using clones were Seward Trainer, Judas Traveller, the Jackal, and Mendel Stromm, who is now the cyborg-like Gaunt. It is this group of individuals who become crucial in duping Peter during the infamous Clone Saga. Interestingly, Mendel Stromm apparently experimented on himself with Goblin formula, allowing Norman to revive him as well. Norman waits in the shadows for the perfect time to exact his revenge on his arch-nemesis.
As the Clone Saga comes to an end, Peter Parker and Ben Reilly have accepted the “fact” that Peter is the clone and Ben is the original Spider-Man. Mary Jane is pregnant with Peter’s child, who’s due date is approaching. Seward Trainer, a friend of Ben Reilly, is killed by Norman Osborn, who is now ready to return from hiding and confront Peter. Later, Peter and Ben fight Gaunt and neutralize him, however during the fight Mary Jane goes into labor. Gaunt is then killed by Norman because of his failure. Mary Jane is informed that the baby did not survive the birthing process. Alison Mongrain, who was working for Norman, along with the help of a Doctor Folsome were responsible for deceiving Mary Jane about the baby and kidnapping it. Alison is instructed by Norman to “make sure it’s never seen again.” Peter soon leaves to see Mary Jane in the hospital and when he gets there, Dr. Folsome informs him that “there’s been a problem”, he then sedates Peter. Meanwhile, J. Jonah Jameson, Flash Thompson, Liz Allan, and others have been mysteriously invited to the Daily Bugle from different sources, they soon realize that they have been trapped. Norman reveals himself to Peter along with explaining how he survived the glider impaling him with his healing factor, that he's been in Europe hiding all this time, and that he has returned because he was tired of Peter rebounding from all the things he’s thrown at him and he wants to exact his final revenge. He also informs Peter that Ben Reilly was actually the clone, not Peter. Norman reveals himself as the mastermind behind the entire Clone Saga hoax. He then leads Peter to the Daily Bugle where he wants Peter to watch him kill “all those close to him”, before he kills Peter. Ben sneaks the hostages out of the Daily Bugle, and makes his way to Peter, who has neutralized the Goblin. Ben is killed when he steps in front of the Goblin glider in an attempt to save Peter. The glider impales him. Peter hurls a bag of pumpkin bombs at the Green Goblin, which explode when they hit him, and the Goblin vanishes out of sight. Ben Reilly dies and his body disintegrates, revealing him as the true clone. Peter does not find Norman's body, but he knows that he has not seen the last of his enemy. The significance of this era of Norman Osborn's life is that from the moment he awoke in the morgue, he has always been aware that he is the Green Goblin, his amnesiac episodes are over.
Neither Norman Osborn nor the Green Goblin have been seen since the events of Peter Parker Spider-Man #75, until now. Prior to a public announcement of his return, Norman sneaks up on Daily Bugle reporter Betty Brant and informs her that he now owns half of the Daily Bugle. At the press conference, Norman states that he was hiding in Europe to avoid his enemies, which include Spider-Man. He also states that he has come back because of the “smear campaign” bestowed upon his family name by Ben Urich. Urich had written a book called The Legacy of Evil, which ousted Norman Osborn as the Green Goblin. Norman states that he has now dedicated his life to finding out who the Green Goblin “really is”. When Peter returns to his ransacked home, he attacks Norman at his apartment, beating him up very badly. Unfortunately, this is all caught on tape and the Daily Bugle puts a $1 million reward on Spider-Man’s head.
During the Spider-Hunt saga, Dr. Jonas Meuller, aka Dr. Angst, is working for Osborn on a genetic construct that will fill the role of the Green Goblin and prevent Norman from being suspected as such. Norman’s grandson, Normie Osborn, is kidnapped by this construct “Green Goblin” and Spider-Man amongst others, try to find Normie. Spider-Man tracks down this alternate Goblin and the Goblin “dies” in an explosion that occurred during the fight. Normie is returned to Norman by Override and Clarence Fielding, a regular guy. At the conclusion of the story it is revealed that Norman arranged the kidnapping of Normie by the alternate Goblin in an effort to sway public opinion away from him being the Green Goblin.
The reward on Spider-Man's head is now $5 million because he is also suspected murder of thug named Joey Z. Peter retires his Spider-Man costume and chooses to don four new costume identities: The Hornet, Ricochet, Dusk, and Prodigy. As the Dusk persona, Peter aids the Trapster who also seeks revenge on Norman Osborn. The Trapster threatens to kill Osborn, but Dusk stops him from doing so, Osborn gets away. The Trapster, Pete Petruski, publicly confesses to having killed Joey Z and exonerates Spider-Man. As the Prodigy persona, Peter battles with Conundrum and Jack O’Lantern to return Tabriaz Chaliz, the kidnapped daughter of the Sufindian ambassador. We learn later that Norman had orchestrated that kidnapping as well. Prodigy exonerates Spider-Man by stating that it was either Conundrum or Jack O’Lantern who disguised themselves as Spider-Man and attacked Norman Osborn at his apartment. Spider-Man is no longer a wanted criminal, and the Identity Crisis story arc comes to an end.
Soon after, Roderick Kingsley, who is currently being held in prison for his crimes as the dreadful Hobgoblin, spreads word out that he has an incriminating diary exposing Norman Osborn as the true Green Goblin. This sets up the first conflict between the original Green Goblin and the Hobgoblin. While being transferred from prison, Roderick is abducted by the alternate Goblin and brought to Norman Osborn. Norman suspects fraud, stating that any journals that did exist were burnt up during the Spider-Man and Hobgoblin battle that occurred in Amazing Spider-Man #250. Roderick was bluffing about having the diary, and Norman takes over all of Roderick’s financial interests in Kingsley Ltd. During a fight between the Hobgoblin, the Green Goblin, Norman Osborn, and Spider-Man the Hobgoblin escapes, as does Norman wearing the Goblin mask.
In an attempt to kill Norman Osborn and seize control of the NYC underworld, the Kingpin sends the assassin Nitro to blow Norman up at the Daily Bugle building. After Nitro Detonates himself, Norman, Peter, Normie, and Betty Brant become trapped in the destroyed elevator remains. After a some psychological provoking by Norman, Peter decides to save Betty and Normie at the risk of revealing his identity to the public by displaying superhuman strength. After saving Betty and Normie, Peter goes back and saves Norman in the nick of time. A decision Peter may have wished not to make, for Norman would soon return to the role of the Green Goblin to terrorize Peter and those close to him.
Norman Osborn has now gathered 5 individuals together for the arcane ritual of the Gathering of Five in which each participant receives one of these five possible gifts: power, immortality, knowledge, madness, or death. Each individual must make the choice to be a part of the ritual with an open heart and a conviction of purpose. The five members are Madame Web, Martha “Matt” Franklin, Gregory Herd (aka Override), Morris Maxwell, and Norman Osborn. Meanwhile, Alison Mongrain, along with Joe Roberston, is making her way to Peter Parker in an attempt to deliver vital information to him. She doesn’t reach Peter, but she finds Mary Jane and before she “dies” she tells MJ that May Parker is still alive and she is being held at Norman’s hunting lodge upstate. Mary Jane tells Peter this and he resolves to go after Norman, MJ tries to stop him claiming that it is probably just another trap set by Norman. Meanwhile, after the Gathering of Five ritual, Norman becomes convinced that he is given the gift of power.
Peter makes his way to Norman’s hunting lodge and after battling some mutant beasts he confronts Norman, who is now garbed as the Green Goblin. Norman claims that he is now tired of “his personal vendetta he’s waged” against Peter and their dealings will soon come to an end. Norman also claims that he is planning on releasing a “DNA bomb” in order to reshape the world in his image. A threat that appears substantiated due to a report that 50 people were killed as they just “melted” in their clothing at a subsidiary of Osborn Industries. After neutralizing the Goblin with webbing, Spider-Man heads into the estate to find his baby May, however, he was misled, the May Alison Mongrain was referring to was his deceased Aunt May.
Peter takes this Aunt May to Reed Richards who runs a slew of tests on her. Reed claims that she is human and not a clone and that untampered DNA evidence would be the final piece of confirmation that she is the real deal. Peter finds an old blood sample of Aunt May’s to bring to Richards. Upon Peter's return to the Baxter Building, Reed informs Peter that someone has implanted a device at the base of the skull of his aunt and if it is not removed soon she will die. Peter confronts Norman, who has been waiting for him, to find out what the purpose of the device is. Norman provides ample information. First, the device in her skull is the “trigger” for the worldwide DNA bomb, once it is removed the bomb will go off. Second, that this Aunt May is the real Aunt May and that the person who died in Amazing Spider-Man #400 was an actress hired by Norman and infused with May’s genetic matrix. This actress, who was to play her final role, was trained to mimic every aspect of May in order to confuse and destroy Peter. Norman, as the Green Goblin, proceeds to defeat Spider-Man and unmasks him publicly.
However, it is soon revealed that this was just a delusion and the Green Goblin does not defeat Spider-Man, it was he who was defeated. For Norman Osborn had actually received the gift of madness from the Gathering of Five. The other gifts were as follows: Martha Franklin receives power, Madame Web receives immortality, Morris Maxwell receives knowledge, and Gregory Herd receives death. Gregory Herd, formerly Override, eventually becomes the villain Shadrac. During the fight between Spider-Man and the Green Goblin, the Daily Bugle building was destroyed, but Peter manages to temporarily stop it from falling by webbing it up. Reed Richards neutralizes the device in May’s skull and she is now recuperating from the surgery. Norman is taken to the psychiatric ward at Bellevue where he is unmasked by the guards/doctor, they immediately cry out, “his face”. Before they could do anything else, a group of Scriers take out the guards/doctor and steal Norman Osborn claiming that he “belongs to the Scriers”.
Norman Osborn, now dependent upon a cocktail of drugs to maintain his sanity, is in a safehouse as he ponders recent dealings with Spider-Man. His companion, Donald Menken, who was first introduced in Amazing Spider-Man #239 as an employee of Osborn Industries, is at Norman's side. Menken is revealed to have been a one of the loyal Scriers who removed Osborn from the psychiatric ward after the events Gathering of Five ritual. Norman has fallen in love with his nurse, Kolina Frederickson, and he states that she reminds him of his now deceased wife Emily. Norman feels the time is perfect for an attack on Spider-Man with the recent death of Mary Jane and the loss of all his savings. Norman disguises himself as a mailman and tampers with Peter and Randy Robertson’s mail.
Norman has created a cabal known as the Order of the Goblin from those Scriers who remained loyal to him during his recent “incapacitation”, that is his bout with insanity. After Kolina inadvertently stumbles upon Norman in his Goblin garb, he tosses a gas bomb at her, not knowing it was her, and he nearly kills her. Norman than decides to reveal his life story to Kolina and come clean. Peter Parker is now suffering from hallucinations induced by the toothpaste Norman planted in his mail, causing him to have Goblin-related delusions. Norman states that he desires to make Peter the heir to his Osborn Legacy and that he shall become the next Green Goblin. Osborn sends Kolina and Donald to his estate in the Adirondacks.
Norman then visits an old family estate and recalls the memory of his father forcing him to stay in the old house overnight to become a man and face the darkness. Peter is still experiencing hallucinations involving the Goblin and is beginning to figure that Norman is behind these hallucinations. When Peter once again regains consciousness he is being held captive by Norman who is determined to make Peter face the darkness and become an Osborn.
We also learn that the hallucinogens that Peter was exposed to contained some of the Goblin formula in them as well. Peter is tortured by Osborn for what appears to be weeks as Norman tries to break Peter’s spirit and accept the darkness. Peter eventually overcomes the mind games and rejects being the heir to the Osborn legacy as well as accepting the darkness. Norman tells Peter that he realized Peter was the rightful heir when he came to visit the birth of his grandson Normie and saw that Peter was secretly visiting the hospital as well. Norman claims that he has won, because for a brief moment during the torture, Peter “blinked” at the darkness, and that meant that Peter would no longer be able to maintain his altruistic façade.
The story begins with Norman visiting Harry’s grave, and in Norman's introspection he states that he had reached out to Peter and that he had refused him, and that Norman can’t let things stand at that. Meanwhile, Peter is haunted by a dream and he has no one he can confide in, he tries Mary Jane, but decides not to talk to her (she is in California and they aren’t together). As if drawn to each other, Spider-Man and the Green Goblin meet up in the middle of a rain storm, a fight ensues and Norman leaves Peter with an invitation to a family reunion, and it's going to be a funeral. The Green Goblin then appears on TV stating that it was Spider-Man who was responsible for the death of Gwen Stacy and that he had originally planned to catch her after her drop. Peter confronts Norman while Norman is with some clients and Norman tells Peter that one of them, either Peter or Norman, has to die. The Green Goblin than force feeds Flash Thompson, a recovering alcoholic, whiskey and then has him drive a truck that crashes into Midtown High. Due to the accident, Flash goes into a coma.
Norman offers to repair Midtown High since it was his company’s truck that crashed into the school. Later, Norman has Peter meet him at one of Osborn’s chemical companies. While there, Norman states that he plans to kill his grandson, Normie Osborn. The fight continues and Norman states that only one of them can leave there today and that he has operatives stationed all over the place and they are ready to kill those close to Peter at any time. An enraged Peter Parker pummels the Green Goblin, beating him mercilessly, it appears that the Green Goblin has given up. Just before delivering the final blow, Peter releases Norman and says that he can’t kill him. The two even share a laugh at that point. He then confides in Norman about his dream at which point Peter realizes the meaning of the dream. Everyday he refuses to hate Norman for what he did, Gwen lives, if he caves into the anger she dies. So he won’t cave into the anger. Peter calls Norman’s bluff concerning killing young Normie. As the story arc closes, the two rivals share a laugh, a scene that is reminiscent of the conclusion to Alan Moore’s . It appears as though Norman set this whole thing up because he wanted Peter to kill him, that was the “death in the family”, Norman contemplates suicide at the conclusion. The ramifications from this story arc are numerous; however, one of the major results is Flash becoming a paraplegic.
Terri Kidder, a reporter for the Daily Bugle, follows a lead she was given from a friend concerning missing persons at Oscorp. Her friend is an employee at Oscorp. In an attempt to break the story, she tricks her way into the office of Norman Osborn to question him about the missing people. Her body is then found dead and mutilated in the reservoir on the east side of Central Park. Ben Urich puts the pieces together and eventually the police come to investigate Norman for the missing bodies, but when they arrive at Norman’s office they don’t find Norman, they find the Green Goblin and all hell breaks loose. Spider-Man intervenes and neutralizes the Goblin, who nearly kills both Ben Urich and Jessica Jones, who is Luke Cage’s girlfriend. Luke Cage, angered by the attacks on his girlfriend, goes after Norman after he had already surrendered to the authorities. To escape this attack Norman dons his Goblin apparel, but Luke subdues him. The story concludes with Osborn being confirmed publicly named as the Green Goblin and being placed in jail.
This story arc picks up immediately after the events of The Pulse, where Spider-Man is now in the process of tracking down the Green Goblin. He succeeds and the Goblin is brought into prison, unfortunately for Peter, Norman is suing Spider-Man for aggravated assault charges due to the nature of which Spider-Man overpowered him. When Peter returns home, he gets a phone call in the middle of the night that someone has defaced his Uncle Ben’s grave. Peter goes to the grave site to see. Unfortunately, this was a decoy because his Aunt May was kidnapped from his home while he was gone. He confronts Norman in prison, thinking that he is to blame, and Norman plays mind games with Peter as to whether or not he is involved, basically providing no information for him. Interestingly, in the course of the conversation we learn that Norman's age is 55.
Later, Mac Gargan approaches Peter Parker, claiming to be the one responsible for kidnapping his Aunt May, and he says that he was working for Norman Osborn, but that this kidnapping is the “tip of the iceberg” for Norman’s plans. Gargan tells Peter the history of super villains and that they were created in the forties when the “ruling class”, companies responsible for putting governments into office, desired to keep emerging super heroes at bay, and away from discovering the corruptness which this "ruling class" has been utilizing to prevail. This “divide and conquer” tactic led to contracted super villains, of which Norman Osborn was one of the favorites, until he went out of control with the Goblin persona. This corrupt administration is no longer operating but there were some famous names in the “original cabal”. Due to that Norman has become a target because he knows where “all the bodies are buried” and he is a sitting duck in prison. So Norman Osborn orchestrated the kidnapping of Aunt May in order to solicit Peter’s help to break him out of prison, he has to help him or Aunt May dies. Peter reluctantly decides to help break him out, and in the process of doing so he receives help from the Black Cat. Peter successfully breaks Norman out, but when he does, the Green Goblin has a surprise for him. The Green Goblin double crosses Peter and has the Sinister Twelve, a group composed of classic Spider-Man villains like the Rhino, Hydro-Man, Electro, amongst others waiting for him. Fortunately, Mary Jane called S.H.I.E.L.D. as well as the Avengers, Daredevil, and the Fantastic Four arrived to help neutralize them. The Green Goblin leaves to go kill Mary Jane, and Spider-Man then goes after him. They meet on what looks to be the George Washington Bridge. A mind controlled Doctor Octopus, who has been programmed to kill Norman Osborn, arrives at the scene. A lightning bolt strikes and hits the Goblin, who was holding his Goblin Glider in the air, as well as Doc Ock and sends both of them plunging into the water below. Peter finds his Aunt May buried alive in the grave site of his Uncle Ben, he had reached her just in time to save her life. The story concludes with a letter written from Norman to Peter thanking him for providing the intellectual and physical challenge as Spider-Man as they have provided his life with both structure and meaning.
This controversial story arc begins with Peter receiving a letter in the mail, postmarked in 2004 (the year of the story's publication), from Gwen Stacy. There is only one page of the letter and its clear information is missing. Peter takes the letter to Detective Lamont, who passes the letter on to forensics in order to figure out if something was written on the back side of the paper, which might possibly provide more insight into what is going on. While visiting Gwen’s grave, Peter is attacked by two unknown assailants, one male and one female. Lamont gives the letter back with what could be retrieved from the original letter and it is revealed that Gwen was pregnant with twins and that she had given birth to them, their names were Gabriel and Sarah. The two assailants were Gabriel and Sarah and they are determined to kill Peter Parker/Spider-Man because they are convinced that he is their father and that he abandoned them and killed their mother. Peter runs DNA tests on the letters to see if they really are Gwen’s kids, the tests confirm they are her kids.
Mary Jane tells Peter that she knows who the real father is and that Gwen confided in her in regards to an affair she had with Norman Osborn roughly 7 months before she died. She had given birth to the children in Europe, where they remained. This provides Peter the insight into some of Norman's prior motivations including why he chose Gwen of all people to kill and why he went Europe after his “death”. Also, Gwen would not let Norman have the children, which explains why Norman was so hungry for an heir and wanted Peter to fill that role. Gwen had wanted Peter to help raise the children. There was still the question as to why the children were as old as they were, the timeline didn't make sense. The answer: Norman's exposure to the Goblin formula. Norman’s Goblin formula, which has integrated into his DNA and provides him with rapid regenerative capabilities, had been passed down to his offspring and explains their rapid aging. Unfortunately, the twins are now dying and need Peter’s help in order to stay alive. Norman, while in Europe, fed the children the false information that Peter was their father and that he was responsible for their mother’s death. At the Brooklyn Bridge, Peter tells Sarah and Gabriel that Norman is their father, Sarah believes him, Gabriel does not and in the ensuing fight Gabriel inadvertently shoots Sarah. Peter gives Sarah his blood to keep her alive, meanwhile Gabriel remembers instructions he was given by Osborn to find a Goblin hideout. When he arrives there, Norman has a pre-recorded message for him and an enhancing formula that should have curb this aging process. He then dons the Grey Goblin costume. The Grey Goblin attacks Peter in the hospital, but Sarah steps in to help, Gabriel is knocked into the water and he washes up on shore with temporary amnesia.
See main article: Civil War.
While in S.H.I.E.L.D. custody, Osborn watches in shock as Spider-Man publicly reveals his identity as Peter Parker (also confirming Osborn's identity as the Goblin and his role in Gwen's death in the process), railing that Peter "broke the rules!" He is then approached by S.H.I.E.L.D. agents who are seeking his aid. The Goblin confronts and attacks Ben Urich in an alley, but S.H.I.E.L.D.'s nano-machines cause him to stop, involuntarily making him collapse and foam at the mouth.
Later, he makes a deal with a shadowy figure who gives him a serum to override the control of nano-machines implanted by S.H.I.E.L.D. In the next two issues, Osborn attacks a group of Atlanteans in his Goblin gear, killing and wounding many. Later, when one Atlantean ambassador attempts to give a speech, Norman appears and shoots at him, wounding but not killing him. As he is being taken away by security, Norman says he is 'sick' and is not in control of his actions. While being interrogated by two officers, Norman becomes increasingly agitated when they question who gave Norman access to the press conference and assisted in smuggling a weapon there. At first, Norman gets angry, threatening to kill the two officers' families, then he becomes more and more afraid until the shadowy figure arrives at which point Norman begs the officers not to let him go, even promising to reveal all he knows to them.
Norman Osborn is now the government's appointed new director of the Thunderbolts and has been prescribed medication to stabilize his personality. He has alternately used diplomacy, force, and humiliation to keep the field team in line, and enjoys the status and power he has, as well as his criminal career being quietly swept under the carpet. He remains unbalanced, however, due to his habit of mixing his medication and because Thunderbolt Moonstone has influenced attendants to switch his medication with placebos on alternate days so as to get him fired and take his place. He has also forced the supervillain Whirlwind and his allies to secretly work for him directly. As a Director for the Commission on Superhuman Activities, Osborn was present and involved in a joint CSA/UN tribunal against Tony Stark, being aggressively against him and clashing with witness Doc Samson. 
When four telepaths try to destroy the Thunderbolts from the inside, they target Osborn with hallucinations of his Goblin mask, eventually causing him to break down completely in response to Swordsman going rogue. Driven to become the Green Goblin again, he brutally assaults and crucifies Swordsman before being telepathically nudged into murdering the entire Thunderbolt Mountain staff. He engages Songbird in battle, and both knock each other unconscious. When Bullseye murders the four telepaths in their cells, all of the Thunderbolts return to normal.
See main article: New Ways to Die. During the course of the One More Day storyline, which ended with the retcon of the previous two decades of Spider-Man continuity, the situation changes so that Norman's son, Harry, is revealed to be alive once more and no one (including Norman) knows Spider-Man's secret identity. Norman returns to the Amazing Spider-Man title in a storyline entitled New Ways to Die. In addition to calling the Thunderbolts to New York to hunt down Spider-Man, Norman agrees to help New York mayoral candidate Randall Crowne, who got into trouble when Ben Urich's newspaper Frontline revealed that he had been operating an illegal sweatshop. Norman confronts the man who took the photos: Peter Parker. Norman is unable to find a way Parker can contact Spider-Man and leaves him. When he later observes a fight between Venom, Anti-Venom, and Spider-Man, Norman is confronted by Menace. After a short confrontation, Menace spares him, after accusing Osborn of being a fool for devoting all his time and assets to Spider-Man's destruction. As Menace leaves, Norman finds Peter Parker's camera and uses it to reverse engineer the tracing system allowing the camera to zero on Spider-Man's chest. Norman later uses the captured villain Freak to produce a counter-measure for Anti-Venom, at the same time providing Gargan with a protective Scorpion battle suit that will distribute the cure throughout his body, healing the symbiote faster. However when faced with the combined might of Anti-Venom and Spider-man, Anti-Venom flees the fight and Norman had to destroy his recent New York Headquarters after his fight with Spider-man. However, he is still reclaimed a hero within the eyes of the public. 
See main article: Secret Invasion. Captain Marvel, revealed to be a Skrull sleeper agent, attacks Thunderbolt Mountain, but he can't bring himself to kill. Norman Osborn offers him a chance to explain himself, speaking with him in private, and convincing him to leave. Following this, it becomes clear the Thunderbolts - due to Norman forcing the usage of Oscorp technology over Stark Industries products, the latter of which has been deactivated by Skrull agents - are the only team that can reach and defend Washington, D.C.. Norman successfully manages and directs the team, while personally joining the battle with a machine gun. During the conflict, several Skrulls shapeshift into duplicates of Spider-Man, the sight of whom drives Norman into an apparent nervous breakdown. He guns down every one of them, stating the slaughter to be "therapeutic" for him.
After saving the capital city, Norman is able to successfully manipulate the media to promote himself and the team as patriotic heroes, as well as undermining the CSA and his former industrial rival Tony Stark, who appeared to retreat in the heat of battle. He subsequently leads the team to New York, joining the final battle. His heroic status is exemplified when numerous TV cameras capture his gunshot killing the Skrull Queen Veranke. When the President of the United States shuts down S.H.I.E.L.D. and indicts Tony Stark, Norman is given the role of running the SHRA and the Avengers Initiative. He then meets with his newly created 'Cabal', consisting of Doctor Doom, Namor, Emma Frost, The Hood, and Loki. They have been pulling the strings to help Osborn and them gain control of all governments and business empires, the desire of most supervillains.
See main article: Dark Reign (comics). Norman is seen as the earth's greatest hero, allowing him power to rewrite the order of Earth itself. He and his Dark Illuminati start some drastic changes that will tip the scale against superheroes and towards the side of supervillany. Norman first shuts down S.H.I.E.L.D., claiming it is too corrupted due to Skrull infiltration. He reforms it into H.A.M.M.E.R., putting himself as head, with S.H.I.E.L.D. secretary Victoria Hand as his second and firing Tony Stark. Tony is now seen as a coward and Osborn has him hunted down as a fugitive, making the public declare him the reason for the Skrull Invasion. Norman then shuts down the 50 State Initiative, claiming it was a failed program from the mind of Stark. He creates only one government-sponsored Avengers team to do the job, the Dark Avengers.
Osborn next ceases the Thunderbolts Initiative, claiming it has done its job. By doing this, he actually turns the current Thunderbolts team into his and the Dark Illuminati's own black ops team. With Black Widow II leading it, this team will do the dirty work for them, starting with taking down any and all superhero threats to their plans. However, Tony had placed a virus in the SHRA database, preventing Osborn from learning the identities of any registered heroes. He also buys out and takes control of StarkTech, making it now Oscorp. This gives him hundreds of classified documents and tech specs, along with Tony's armada of Iron Man suits. When overseeing the shutdown of Thunderbolts Mountain, an irate Swordsman confronts Norman about his action. Norman seizes his sword and murders him in a psychotic tantrum. Norman Osborn then throws Swordsman out of a window, watching as the body tumbles down the mountainside. Norman then realizes that his Green Goblin side is starting to go berserk.
See main article: Dark Avengers. Osborn's next order of business is setting up his new team of Avengers. He is able to recruit Ares, The Sentry, and Marvel Boy (now calling himself Captain Marvel), as well as giving his former Thunderbolts new identities (Moonstone becomes Ms. Marvel, Venom becomes Spider-Man, Bullseye becomes Hawkeye, and the addition of Daken who takes the identity of Wolverine.) Osborn is able to use the Ghost to break into Tony Stark's armor vault and create his own suit, becoming the Iron Patriot.
Norman is called to ride aboard Air Force One by the new U.S. President. On board, Doc Samson reveals that he has footage of Norman as the Goblin murdering security forces inside Thunderbolts Mountain. Osborn tries to frame Samson by suggesting that he was actually involved. Before Samson can play this evidence, the new Thunderbolts take control of Air Force One, and someone dressed as the Green Goblin attacks.
The chemical solution devised by Norman Osborn from a formula originally conceived by Professor Mendel Stromm, turned Norman Osborn into the Green Goblin. In the process, he gained superhuman agility, strength, speed, stamina, and dexterity. Additionally, Osborn has gained a "healing factor" allowing him to quickly heal from lethal bodily damage (for example: being stabbed through the chest by large blades or have several pumpkin bombs strapped to his stomach). Aside from his physical advantages, the serum also greatly enhanced Norman's already above average intellect, making him a bona fide genius capable of making progress in advanced areas of genetics, robotics, engineering, and applied chemistry.
The Green Goblin is armed with a variety of bizarre devices. He travels on his bat-shaped "Goblin Glider", an incredibly fast and maneuverable rocket glider. The goblin glider is armed with heat-seeking missiles, machine guns, and retractable blades. Other weapons the Goblin uses are incendiary Pumpkin Bombs capable of melting through 3inches of battleship steel, smoke and gas-emitting bombs with an appearance like a ghost, razor-edged bat-shaped boomerangs (similar to Batman's batarangs), and gloves woven with micro-circuited filaments which channel pulsed discharges of electricity capable of discharging nearly 1,000 volts of electricity. He wears bulletproof chainmail with an overlapping tunic and cape. His mask has a built-in gas filter to keep himself safe from his own gasses.
Pumpkin Bomb:A Pumpkin Bomb was a grenade used by the Green Goblin. A Pumpkin Bomb looks like a miniature Jack-o'-lantern and when thrown, ignites almost soundlessly and produce enough heat to melt through a 3inches thick sheet of steel. The goblin holds these and a variety of other grenades in a shoulder bag he calls his "Bag Of Tricks". The Green Goblin has a range of other "Pumpkin Bombs" at his disposal. These include smoke and gas-emitting bombs. Some release hallucinogenic gases, while others emit a specially created mixture that neutralizes Spider-Man's Spider Sense for a limited period of time. All of these are covered in a light pastic mantle that flutter like a wraith when thrown.
Due to the events of the "Dark Reign" Osborn has created the new identity of the Iron Patriot (an apparent amalgam of Captain America and Iron Man) to cement his standing as a hero. He now utilizes (aside from his organic abilities) a version of Iron Man's Extremis Armor (with a different color scheme). The armor grants superhuman strength, enhanced durability (via a pliable crystalline material with a molecular structure that can collimate into super-hard planes upon the application of an electrical field), a "repulsor flight system", magnetic repulsor blasts, heat seeking missiles, miniaturized lasers, flamethrowers and a communications system housed in his helmet which allows interface with any U.S. controlled satellite or computer network.
See main article: Other Goblins. While Norman was long assumed to be dead, several villains and one hero take up the mantle of the Green Goblin.
See main article: Alternate versions of the Green Goblin. As a fictional character, the Green Goblin has appeared in a number of media, from comic books to films and television series. Each version of the work typically establishes its own continuity, and sometimes introduces parallel universes, to the point where distinct differences in the portrayal of the character can be identified. Various versions of the Goblin are depicted in works such as Marvel Comics Ultimate line and Earth X.
See main article: Green Goblin in other media.