Alternative meanings at Edinburgh (disambiguation).
|Official Name:||Town of Edinburgh, Indiana|
|Subdivision Name:||United States|
|Subdivision Name2:||Johnson, Bartholomew, Shelby|
|Subdivision Name3:||Blue River, German, Jackson|
|Area Magnitude:||1 E6|
|Area Total Km2:||7.4|
|Area Land Km2:||7.4|
|Area Water Km2:||0.0|
|Population As Of:||2000|
|Population Density Km2:||612.5|
|Utc Offset Dst:||−5|
|Area Total Sq Mi:||2.8|
|Area Land Sq Mi:||2.8|
|Area Water Sq Mi:||0.0|
|Postal Code Type:||ZIP code|
|Blank Name:||FIPS code|
|Blank Info:||18-20404Web site: States Census Bureau] American FactFinder]. 2008-01-31.|
|Blank1 Name:||GNIS feature ID|
|Blank1 Info:||0434019Web site: Board on Geographic Names. United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25.|
Edinburgh () is a town in Bartholomew, Johnson, and Shelby Counties in the U.S. state of Indiana. The population was 4,505 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Columbus, Indiana metropolitan statistical area. Edinburgh was named in honor of Edinburgh, Scotland and for many years was pronounced the same way.
Edinburgh is located at (39.352728, -85.967466)Web site: States Census Bureau] US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990]. 2011-04-23. 2011-02-12. .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.4 km²), all of it land.
As of the censusWeb site: States Census Bureau] American FactFinder]. 2008-01-31. of 2000, there were 4,505 people, 1,789 households, and 1,207 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,584.8 people per square mile (612.5/km²). There were 1,894 housing units at an average density of 666.3/sq mi (257.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.18% White, 0.13% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.07% of the population.
There were 1,789 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $32,170, and the median income for a family was $40,511. Males had a median income of $27,445 versus $24,625 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,486. About 8.3% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.
Severe thunderstorms formed rapidly across Central Indiana on the evening of June 3, 2008. These storms began to rotate and produced multiple tornadoes. One of these tornadoes travelled across northern sections of Brown County and southern sections of Johnson County. This tornado did considerable damage to the Camp Atterbury facility. The tornado exited Camp Atterbury and crossed US 31, entering the town of Edinburgh. Several buildings and countless trees and powerlines were damged as the tornado moved roughly parallel with US 252. The tornado lifted near Interstate 65. The National Weather service rated this damaging event as an EF-2 tornado. 
Several bouts of severe thunderstorm activity and heavy rainfall affected the Edinburgh area in early June of 2008. The Big Blue River and Sugar Creek overflowed their banks as a result of this activity. However, the worst of the weather was to come. A line of severe thunderstorms moved across Central Indiana on the evening of June 6, 2008. These storms began to move south out of Edinburgh, weakening as daylight was lost. However, strong surface winds began to interact with a leftover outflow boundary from the earlier severe activity. As a result, new thunderstorm activity began to blossom and move to the east. This interaction producted what is known as a training effect, with thunderstorm after thunderstorm moving over the same area.
The first rainfall began to fall in Edinburgh at approximately 9:00 PM on the evening of June 6. The torrential rain would last until 12:00 PM on June 7. An unofficial rainfall total of 10.71inches was measured in Edinburgh. Official National Weather Service rainfall totals across Central Indiana during this period ranged from 3.09inches to 9.85inches. This water had no place to go as it struck the already saturated grounds, so runoff was extremely high. The Big Blue River and Sugar Creek began to rise rapidly. Runoff quickly flooded agricultural areas and much of this water made its way into several subdivisions in Edinburgh. Many homes were flooded with several feet of water. US 31, US 252, and Interstate 65 were all flooded at the height of the flood, essentially cutting off Edinburgh from surrounding areas.