|Born:||30 April 1926|
|Birthplace:||Des Moines, Iowa|
|Spouse:||George Englund (1953–1979)|
|Academyawards:||Best Supporting Actress |
1971 The Last Picture Show
|Emmyawards:||Outstanding Lead Actress - Miniseries/Movie |
1973 A Brand New Life
Supporting Actress - Comedy Series
1974 Mary Tyler Moore
1975 Mary Tyler Moore
Supporting Individual Performance - Variety/Music Program
Daytime Emmy - Performer In A Children's Series
1983 ABC Afterschool Specials: The Woman Who Willed a Miracle (#11.4)
Individual Performance - Variety/Music Program
1984 Screen Actors Guild 50th Anniversary Celebration
Guest Actress - Drama Series
1998 Promised Land
Guest Actress - Comedy Series
2002 Malcolm in the Middle
2006 Malcolm in the Middle
|Baftaawards:||Best Supporting Actress |
1971 The Last Picture Show
|Goldenglobeawards:||Best TV Actress - Comedy/Musical |
Cloris Leachman (born April 30, 1926) is an American actress of stage, film and television. She has won eight primetime Emmy Awards - more than any other female performer - and one Daytime Emmy Award. She won an Oscar for Best Supporting Actress in the 1971 film The Last Picture Show. She is best known for playing the nosy, self-centered and manipulative landlady Phyllis Lindstrom on the 1970s TV series The Mary Tyler Moore Show, and later on the spinoff series, Phyllis. She also appeared in three Mel Brooks films, including Young Frankenstein.
Leachman was a contestant on Season 7 (2008) of Dancing With The Stars, paired with Corky Ballas. At the age of 82, she is the oldest contestant to dance on the series. She was voted off on October 28th. 
Leachman was the grand marshal for the 2009 New Year's Day Tournament of Roses Parade and Rose Bowl Game in Pasadena, California. She presided over the 120th parade, the theme being "Hats Off to Entertainment", and the 95th Rose Bowl game.
Leachman, the eldest of three sisters, was born in Des Moines, Iowa, the daughter of Cloris (née Wallace) and Berkeley "Buck" Leachman, who worked at the family-owned Leachman Lumber Company.   She graduated from Roosevelt High School in 1944. She later majored in drama at Northwestern University and Illinois State University, where she was a member of Gamma Phi Beta and a classmate of future comic actor Paul Lynde. Leachman began appearing on television and in films shortly after competing in Miss America as Miss Chicago 1946. Before that she was very active at the Des Moines Playhouse starring in many productions.
After winning a scholarship in the beauty pageant, Leachman studied acting in New York City at the Actors Studio with Elia Kazan. Leachman was Mary Martin's understudy during the original run of Rodgers & Hammerstein's South Pacific, eventually getting to fill in for Martin on one of her nights off. A few years later, she appeared in the Broadway production of William Inge's Come Back, Little Sheba.
She appeared in many live television broadcasts in the 1950s, including such programs as Suspense and Studio One. She was also one of the Raisonette Girls in the 1960s. She made her feature film debut in Robert Aldrich's film noir classic Kiss Me Deadly, released in 1955. Leachman was several months pregnant during the filming, and appears in one scene running down a darkened highway wearing only a trenchcoat. A year later she appeared opposite Paul Newman and Lee Marvin in The Rack (1956). She appeared with Newman again, in a brief role as a prostitute in Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969).
She continued to work mainly in television, with appearances including the classic It's a Good Life episode of The Twilight Zone, in which she played Billy Mumy's mother; Rawhide; and Alfred Hitchcock Presents. Leachman appeared as Ruth Martin, Timmy's adoptive mom, in the last half of season four (1957) of Lassie. She was replaced by June Lockhart in 1958. In 1959, she appeared in an episode of One Step Beyond entitled The Dark Room, where she portrayed an American photographer living in Paris.
Leachman has won numerous awards during her lengthy career. She won an Oscar for Best Supporting Actress in The Last Picture Show (1971), based on the bestselling book by Larry McMurtry. She played the high school gym teacher's wife, with whom Timothy Bottoms' character has an affair. Director Peter Bogdanovich had predicted to Leachman during production that she would win an Academy Award for her performance. The part was originally offered to Ellen Burstyn, who wanted another role in the film.
Leachman has also won a record-setting eight primetime and one daytime Emmy Awards and been nominated more than 20 times for her work in television over the years, most notably as the character of neighbor/landlady/nosy friend Phyllis Lindstrom on The Mary Tyler Moore Show. The character was a fixture on the program for five years and was subsequently featured in a spinoff series, Phyllis (1975–1977), for which Leachman garnered a Golden Globe award.
In 1977, she guest starred on The Muppet Show, episode 24. In 1978, she won the Sarah Siddons Award for her work in Chicago theatre. During the mid and late 1970s, she was featured in several Schoolhouse Rock episodes.
In 1986, Leachman returned to television, replacing Charlotte Rae's character Edna Garrett as the den mother on The Facts of Life. Leachman's role, as Edna's sister, Beverly Ann Stickle, could not save the long-running series, and it was canceled two years later.
She has voice-acted in numerous animated films, including as the evil witch mother from the Volcano of Gloom, The Iron Giant, and most notably as the voice of the cantankerous sky pirate Dola in Hayao Miyazaki's 1986 feature Castle in the Sky. Dubbed by Disney in 1998, Leachman's performance in this film received nearly unanimous praise.
Leachman played embittered, greedy, Slavic “Grandma Ida” on the Fox sitcom Malcolm in the Middle, for which she won two Emmy Awards, both for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series (once in 2002, then again in 2006). She was nominated for playing that same character for six consecutive years.
Later television credits include the successful Lifetime Television miniseries Beach Girls with Rob Lowe and Julia Ormond. Leachman was nominated for a SAG Award for her role as the wine-soaked, former jazz singer and grandmother Evelyn in the Sony feature Spanglish opposite Adam Sandler and Tea Leoni. She had replaced an ailing Anne Bancroft in the role. The film reunited her with her Mary Tyler Moore Show writer-producer-director James L. Brooks. That same year she appeared with Sandler again, in the remake of The Longest Yard. She also appeared in Kurt Russell comedy Sky High as the school nurse with X-ray vision.
In 2006, Leachman's performance alongside Sir Ben Kingsley and Annette Bening in the HBO special Mrs. Harris earned her an Emmy nomination for outstanding supporting actress in a miniseries or TV movie as well as an SAG Award nomination for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Television Movie or Miniseries.
Leachman has appeared in three Mel Brooks films. She played Frau Blücher in Young Frankenstein (1974), in which the mere mention of her character's name frightens all horses within earshot (an homage to a cinematic villain stereotype ). She also appeared in High Anxiety (1977), as demented psychiatric nurse Charlotte Diesel, and as Madame Defarge in the segment of (1981) which parodied Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities.
She auditioned for a chance to revive her role from Young Frankenstein in the 2007 Broadway production opposite Megan Mullally (replacing formerly cast Kristin Chenoweth) and Roger Bart. However, Andrea Martin was cast in the role. Mel Brooks was quoted as saying that Leachman, at 81, was too old for the role. "We don't want her to die on stage," he told columnist Army Archerd. However, due to Leachman's success on Dancing with the Stars Brooks had reportedly asked her to reprise her role as Frau Blucher in the Broadway production of Young Frankenstein after Beth Leavel, who replaced Martin.  The Broadway production closed before this could be realized.
From 1953 to 1979, Leachman was married to Hollywood impresario George Englund. The marriage produced five children, most of whom are in show business. Her son George Englund, Jr. was once married to actress Sharon Stone. Her son Morgan played Dylan on Guiding Light throughout the 1980s and early 1990s. Leachman's son Bryan died from a drug overdose in 1986. Some reports state that it was an overdose of ulcer medication, while others, such as in the Lifetime Television program Intimate Portrait: Cloris Leachman (in which Leachman participated), state that it was from cocaine.
The Englunds were Bel Air neighbors of Judy Garland and two of her children, Lorna andJoey Luft, during the early 1960s. Lorna Luft states in her memoir Me and My Shadows that Leachman was "the kind of mom I'd only seen on TV." Knowing of the turmoil at the Garlandhome but never mentioning it, Leachman prepared meals for Judy's children and made themfeel welcome whenever they needed a place to stay.
Leachman posed "au naturel" on the cover of "Alternative Medicine Digest" (issue 15, 1997) body-painted with images of fruit. This was a parody of the famous Demi Moore Vanity Fair magazine cover photo.
Leachman was a friend of Marlon Brando, whom she met while studying under Elia Kazan in the 1950s. She introduced him to her husband, who became close to Brando as well, directing him in The Ugly American and writing a memoir about their friendship called Marlon Brando: The Way It's Never Been Done Before (2005).
She was a contestant on Season 7 of Dancing With The Stars, and was paired with Corky Ballas, the oldest of the professionals. She is the oldest person to ever compete on the show.
|Week #||Dance/Song||Judges' score||Result|
|1A||Foxtrot/ "I Wish I Were in Love Again"||6||5||5||Safe|
|1B||Mambo/ "Coconut Woman"||6||5||5||Safe|
|2||Paso Doble/ "Bolero"||5||5||5||Safe|
|3||Jive/ "The Girl Can't Help It"||6||5||5||Safe|
|4||Tango/ "The Big Date"||8||7||7||Bottom 2|
|5||Salsa/ "Tres Deseos"||7||7||7||Safe|
|6||Cha Cha/ "Come See About Me"||5||5||5||Eliminated|