|Official Name:||City of Binghamton|
|Nickname:||"The Parlor City"; "Carousel Capital of the World"; "Home of the Square Deal"|
|Motto:||Restoring The Pride|
|Pushpin Map:||New York|
|Pushpin Map Caption:||Location within the state of New York|
|Pushpin Map:||New York|
|Pushpin Map Caption:||Location within the state of New York|
|Subdivision Name:||United States|
|Subdivision Name1:||New York|
|Leader Name:||Matthew T. Ryan (D)|
|Established Title:||First settled|
|Established Title2:||Incorporated (Village)|
|Established Title3:||Incorporated (City)|
|Area Total Km2:||28.6|
|Area Total Sq Mi:||11.0|
|Area Land Km2:||27.0|
|Area Land Sq Mi:||10.4|
|Area Water Km2:||1.6|
|Area Water Sq Mi:||0.6|
|Area Water Percent:||5.43|
|Population As Of:||2007 Census|
|Population Density Km2:||1754.8|
|Population Density Sq Mi:||4545.0|
|Utc Offset Dst:||-4|
|Postal Code:||139xx (13901 = downtown)|
|Postal Code Type:||ZIP code|
Binghamton, often known as "The Parlor City," is a city located in the Southern Tier of New York in the United States. The "Home of the Square Deal," it is the county seat of Broome County and the principal city and cultural center of the Greater Binghamton region. The population of the City, according to the 2000 census, is 47,380.
The City of Binghamton is located at the confluence of the Susquehanna and Chenango Rivers. The city is at the crossroads of Interstates 81 and 88, as well as New York State Route 17 (also known as The Southern Tier Expressway and the future Interstate 86).
The Binghamton Metropolitan Area includes approximately 252,000 residents in all of Broome and Tioga (NY) counties. Binghamton is part of the "Triple Cities," along with Endicott and Johnson City (which are actually villages). The region is collectively referred to as Greater Binghamton.
In 2007, Binghamton was named the 9th greenest city in the U.S. by Country Home magazine.
Greater Binghamton is home to Binghamton University, a driving force in the community as an academic, athletic, and arts center. Binghamton also has the world's largest collection of functioning antique carousels and the biggest public observatory, the Kopernik Space Center, in the northeastern United States. The region is further recognized as the birthplace of the IBM Corporation, Dick's Sporting Goods, Endicott Johnson Corporation, Raymond Corporation and the Link Trainer flight simulator.
The city was named after William Bingham, a wealthy Philadelphian who bought the surrounding land in 1792. Before that, the first known people of European descent to come to the area were the troops of Gen. John Sullivan in 1779, during the American Revolutionary War.
Abel Bennett, who made a fortune as owner of the Pennsylvania Coal Company, was the city's first mayor. His farm property on the city's west side (in an area bordered by Riverside Drive on the south, Beethoven Street on the west, Seminary Avenue on the north, and portions of Chestnut Street and St. John Avenue to the east) is known as the Abel Bennett Tract. On Feb. 19, 2008, this historic district was placed on the National Register of Historic Places.http://www.westsidebinghamton.org/historicpresindex.html
Binghamton was nicknamed the “Parlor City” for its neat streets and attractive homes, including many stately mansions. Strangely enough, many of those stately mansions are now funeral parlors. During the late 1800s and early 1900s, many immigrants moved to the area, finding an abundance of jobs, leading them to call it the “Valley of Opportunity.”
Greater Binghamton is noted as being the birthplace of the Link flight simulator as well as IBM. Until the Cold War ended, the area never experienced an economic downfall, due in part to its defense-heavy industries. This concentration of the defense industry made the area the seventh most likely area in the nation for a nuclear attack during the Cold War, and the population peaked at around 85,000 in 1950, but now hovers around 50,000.
Along with the start of IBM, the original Dick's Sporting Goods started out as a fishing store in the East Side of the City of Binghamton.
Binghamton is located at (42.102225, −75.911797)Web site: States Census Bureau] US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990]. 2011-04-23. 2011-02-12. .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.6 km² (11.0 sq mi). 27.0 km² (10.4 sq mi) of it is land and 1.6 km² (0.6 sq mi) of it (5.43%) is water.
The north branch of the Susquehanna River passes through downtown Binghamton. This branch rises in eastern New York and receives a number of tributaries above Binghamton, most notably the Chenango, which joins from the north just outside of the business district. Major floods occurred in the city during 1865, 1936 and 2006.
In 1935 the Chenango suffered a flash flood, which was damaging, but less severe once it joined the larger Susquehenna. So much water came from the Chenango, that the Susquehanna flowed backwards for some distance above the confluence. In 1972 the remnants of Hurricane Agnes flooded the entire Susquehanna basin downstream from Binghamton, but the damage in the city was minor.
In 2006, the Susquehanna flooded again in Binghamton causing massive amounts of damage in the city and the entire metropolitan area. The Exchange Street and Washington Street bridges were flooded and the height of the river surpassed the flood walls on North Shore Drive, Court Street, and Conklin Ave. The damage was extensive enough to force large scale evacuations, including that of Lourdes Hospital which was unable to pump water out of its basement fast enough.
Binghamton has a humid continental climate, with cold, snowy winters and warmer, wet summers. Snowfall is significant, with an annual total of 82.4 inches. Binghamton is not as greatly affected by the lake-effect snows as the cities in the north (Syracuse) and closer to the Great Lakes, but persistent snow bands from the lakes do occasionally result in moderate snows. Binghamton receives significant snows at times during the year from Nor'easter storms as well.
Summers in Binghamton are typified by warmer, less humid days with occasional temperature spikes into the upper 80s and lower 90s. Higher temperatures have occurred, but are very uncommon. As with most cities in upstate New York, precipitation in Binghamton is spread evenly throughout the year; there is no "dry season."
Urban and suburban development in greater Binghamton stretches along the numerous river valleys that cut through the hill dominated area.
Downtown Binghamton is the business, entertainment and administrative center of the city and is located immediately northeast of the confluence of the Susquehanna and Chenango rivers. The Southside, as the name implies, occupies the southern shore of the Susquehanna River as well as the hillsides directly south of the river. The Eastside lies east of downtown on the north bank of the Susquehanna and stretches to the town of Kirkwood border. The Northside lies north of downtown along the east bank of the Chenango.Occupying the location of the city's primary retail and financial institutions, governmental offices, and entertainment venues.
As of the censusWeb site: States Census Bureau] American FactFinder]. 2008-01-31. of 2000, there were 47,380 people, 21,089 households, and 10,417 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,752.3/km² (4,539.2/sq mi). There were 23,971 housing units at an average density of 886.5/km² (2,296.5/sq mi). The racial makeup of the city was 83.18% White, 8.41% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 3.33% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.71% from other races, and 3.07% from two or more races. 3.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 21,091 households out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.6% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.6% were non-families. 40.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the city the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 13.2% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.
The area surrounding Binghamton, referred to in marketing as "Greater Binghamton" - or the Binghamton MSA by the census bureau - is approximately 252,000 people. The Binghamton MSA is composed of all of Broome County and neighboring Tioga County. Alternatively defined, the number of people living in an approximately 40-mile radius of the city is approximately 300,000. This count includes Broome, Tioga, and portions of Cortland, Delaware and Chenango Counties in New York and portions of Susquehanna and Bradford counties in Pennsylvania.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,665, and the median income for a family was $36,137. Males had a median income of $28,774 versus $23,014 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,067. About 16.5% of families and 23.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.4% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.
Since its incorporation as a city in 1867, Binghamton has been a municipality with a "strong" mayor-council form of government. The city government was originally housed in the old Municipal Building on Collier Street (now the Grand Royale Hotel), is now located at the Binghamton City Hall which occupies the west-wing of the Government Plaza on the corner of State and Hawley streets. The mayor and councillors are elected to four-year terms. The Binghamton City Council is a unicameral body consisting of 7 Council members whose districts are defined by geographic population boundaries. The mayor and councilors are limited to two four-year terms.
The current Mayor of Binghamton is Matthew T. Ryan (D).
The Mayor oversees the the various city departments which are listed below:
The current 7-member City Council comprises:
The Binghamton City Council meets for business meetings every first and third Monday of the month at 6:30 PM in the Council Chamber and for work sessions every first and third Wednesday of the month at 6 PM in the Work Room.
The Binghamton Neighborhood Assemblies Program created 9 public forum assemblies in which city residents play a lead role in "restoring the pride" in Binghamton by sharing their concerns, hopes and needs and then working in conjunction with city government and community partners to implement positive change.
Public safety in Binghamton is the primary responsibility of the 148-officer Binghamton Police Department and the 132-officer Binghamton Fire Department. The Binghamton Fire Department is composed of 134 paid uniformed firefighters, EMTs and paramedics.
The nearby suburb of Vestal has many strip malls along a five-mile stretch of the Vestal Parkway (NY 434). Johnson City has the region’s largest indoor mall, the Oakdale Mall. Other area shopping centers include Boscov's department store (corner of Court St. and Water St.), Court St., Washington St.and State St. all in downtown Binghamton...
Binghamton's employment base is skewed towards technology businesses, particularly the defense industry. Education and health care are also significant employers in the region.
Current major employers in the Greater Binghamton area include:
Binghamton refers to itself as the “Carousel Capital of the World,” with six antique Herschell carousels in the region, each with hand-carved horses - one of the world's largest functional collections of old-style carousels.
The Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park is the fifth-oldest zoo in the nation.
The area’s Kopernik Space Center observatory is the largest public observatory in the northeast United States.
The Binghamton area is the home of the regional dish known as the spiedie, celebrated at the annual Spiedie Fest and Balloon Rally, held at Otsiningo Park.
The region has, in the last several years, developed a growing and pervasive arts scene. These include a large cluster of art galleries and shops centered in the downtown Binghamton area, and has given rise to an event, the First Friday Art Walk, sponsored by a local arts association, the Gorgeous Washington Street Association. These events have been drawing large crowds downtown since 2003. Artists of local prominence that display or have galleries include Anthony Brunelli, a renowned photorealist painter who calls Binghamton home; Orazio Salati, who owns a gallery and exhibits many works; and Marla Olmstead, a local child who achieved fame in the art world for her abstract art. Dov Treiman lives, works, and exhibits at his home in Berkshire, in the Greater Binghamton region.
See City of Binghamton's Around Town page for a list of galleries.
Binghamton University, (formerly known as Harpur College, and as State University of New York at Binghamton), part of the SUNY system, is located in nearby Vestal. The University is the top-ranking public school in the Northeast United States and was also ranked number 1 on Kiplinger's best values in education. It offers highly ranked education, significant arts, and Division I athletics.
In 2007, Binghamton University opened a new downtown Binghamton facility for the College of Community and Public Affairs. Additionally, a large number of students reside in the Westside, Downtown and Southside areas of the city.
Binghamton University has a significant impact on the Greater Binghamton area. The University contributes an economic impact of $700 million in Greater Binghamton and $894.5 million in New York State.
A clinical campus of Upstate Medical University was established for third and fourth year medical students in 1979. Students spend their first two years of medical school in Syracuse, New York and then complete their training in Binghamton.
Binghamton is also home to branches of Ridley Lowell, Elmira Business Institute, and Empire College.
The Greater Binghamton metro area is served by the following media outlets:
The area is home to the Eastern League's Binghamton Mets (AA affiliate of the New York Mets). The B-Mets have sent stars like José Reyes, David Wright, Preston Wilson, Pat Strange, Prentice Redman, Eric Cammack, Jason Tyner, Jason Roach, and Jay Payton to the majors. Several hockey teams have played in Broome County over the years, most recently the Binghamton Senators, who currently serve as the AHL affiliate of the Ottawa Senators. The B-Sens won division titles on 2003 and 2005, reaching the AHL conference finals in 2003. They play their home games at Broome County Veterans Memorial Arena.
Division I College Sports are played at Binghamton University (a member of the America East Conference). Division III College Sports are played at Broome Community College. Bobby Gonzalez, head coach of Seton Hall's men's basketball team was born here, and still has family in the area. Alongside Bobby Gonalez, King Rice, a McDonald's All-American, and 2 year starter at UNC, is currently an assistant coach for Vanderbilt's men's basketball team, called Binghamton home.
Binghamton is also home to two semi-pro football teams, the Broome County Dragons (members of the Empire Football League) and the Southern Tier Green Machine (members of the North American Football League).
The area is also home to an annual Professional Tennis Challenger, the Levene Gouldin & Thompson Tennis Challenger, part of the USTA pro circuit (Known as the Frito-Lay Tennis Challenger in years past). Tennis greats such as Lleyton Hewitt, James Blake and more recently Andy Murray found their start with this tournament, using it as a spring board to the U.S. Open (tennis) http://biz.stny.com/tennischallenger/history.asp.
The B.C. Open was an official PGA Tour event that was held annually from 1971 to 2006 at Endicott's En-Joie Golf Course. (Note that the 2006 B.C. Open had to be played in Verona, N.Y. due to extensive damage during the June 2006 Flooding of the Susquehanna River.) Beginning in 2007, the area will host a PGA Champion's Tour event, the Dick's Sporting Goods Open. The event will replace the B.C. Open and continue to be played at En-Joie Golf Course in Endicott.
Two world famous amateur sports tournaments are held in Binghamton. The Stop DWI Holiday Classic - a nationally recognized high school basketball tournament - calls the city home during the Christmas season, amassing about 16 of the nations best teams from places such as Orlando, NYC, Philadelphia, Kentucky, Cincinnati, and other large metropolitan areas. The World Youth Classic is an American Legion youth baseball tournament featuring world-class Legion baseball teams. Held in July, it features teams from Florida, Kentucky, Ohio, New York, Georgia, and New England. As many as 32 teams may play per year.
The area is served by two airports. A medium-sized regional airport, Greater Binghamton Airport and a general aviation airport, the Tri-Cities Airport. Greater Binghamton Airport serves destinations which include Philadelphia (US Airways), Dulles Airport serving Washington, D.C. (United) and Detroit (Northwest Airlines).
Intercity bus service is available from downtown Binghamton via Greyhound (with destinations including Buffalo, Syracuse, Rochester, Scranton, Toronto, Philadelphia, Washington, D.C. and New York City.) Shortline/Coach USA also serves the region, with daily departures to Olean, Albany, Oneonta, Elmira, Turning Stone Resort & Casino, Utica, Atlantic City, Monticello and New York City. Megabus began service to Buffalo Airport and Toronto in June 2008, but discontinued it in December 2008.
Public transportation in Binghamton and outlying areas is served by B.C. Transit, a service of the Broome County Department of Transportation. Students at Binghamton University are also served by OCCT (Off-Campus College Transport).
Binghamton is served by four railroads: Norfolk Southern Railway serves Binghamton with its Southern Tier Main Line; Canadian Pacific Railway serves Binghamton with its Montreal PQ-Harrisburg PA Main Line; the New York, Susquehanna & Western Railway serves Binghamton as part of its Binghamton to Syracuse and Binghamton to Utica lines and the Central New York Railroad serves Binghamton with its Binghamton-Port Jervis NY Main Line. Binghamton has no railroad passenger service. The last scheduled service, New York (Hoboken) to Chicago services operated by the Erie Lackawanna Railroad, was discontinued in January 1970, by order of the United States Interstate Commerce Commission in order to promote automobile and aviation use.
Two large rivers, the Susquehanna, and its tributary, the Chenango, cut through the city and metropolitan area. This necessitates spans across these rivers to connect the city's various neighborhoods.
Traveling north from the Chenango's confluence with the Susquehanna, are six bridges, these include; the Veteran's Memorial Bridge (Riverside Drive Bridge), Court Street Bridge, Clinton Street Bridge, the Norfolk Southern Rail Bridge, the I-81/NY-7 bridge and the Bevier Street Bridge.
Washington St. Bridge (pedestrian only), State St. Bridge (Route 434 connect), Exchange St. Bridge, Tompkins St. Bridge, Railroad Bridge (not sure what rail line)
Two Interstate Highways run through the area:
Interstate 88 (Senator Warren M. Anderson Expressway/Susquehanna Expressway)
FUTURE Interstate 86
One US Highway runs through the area:
New York State Route 17 (Southern Tier Expressway/Quickway)
New York State Route 363 (North Shore Drive)
New York State Route 434 (Vestal Parkway)
Famous people who resided in Binghamton include: