Bilabial consonant explained

In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips. The bilabial consonants identified by the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) are:

IPADescriptionExample
LanguageOrthographyIPAMeaning
bilabial nasalEnglishman[<span style="color:#700000">'''{{IPA|m}}'''</span>{{IPA|æn}}]man
voiceless bilabial plosiveEnglishspin[{{IPA|s}}<span style="color:#700000">'''{{IPA|p}}'''</span>{{IPA|ɪn}}]spin
voiced bilabial plosiveEnglishbed[<span style="color:#700000">'''{{IPA|b}}'''</span>{{IPA|ɛd}}]bed
voiceless bilabial fricativeJapanese富士山 (fujisan)[<span style="color:#700000">'''{{IPA|ɸ}}'''</span>{{IPA|uʥisaɴ}}]Mount Fuji
voiced bilabial fricativeEweɛʋɛ[{{IPA|ɛ̀}}<span style="color:#700000">'''{{IPA|β}}'''</span>{{IPA|ɛ̀}}]Ewe
bilabial approximantSpanishlobo[{{IPA|lo}}<span style="color:#700000">'''{{IPA|β̞}}'''</span>{{IPA|o}}]wolf
bilabial trill
bilabial click

Owere Igbo has a six-way contrast among bilabial plosives: . Approximately 0.7% of the world's languages lack bilabial consonants at all; these include Tlingit, Chipewyan, Oneida, and Wichita [1] .

See also

References

  1. Maddieson, Ian. 2008. Absence of Common Consonants. In: Haspelmath, Martin & Dryer, Matthew S. & Gil, David & Comrie, Bernard (eds.) The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library, chapter 18. Available online at http://wals.info/feature/18. Accessed on 2008-09-15.