|Official Name:||City of Beverly Hills, California|
|Nickname:||"Garden Spot of the World", "B.H."|
|Subdivision Name:||United States|
|Subdivision Name2:||Los Angeles|
|Leader Name:||Jimmy Delshad|
|Leader Title1:||Vice Mayor|
|Leader Name1:||Frank M. Fenton|
|Leader Title2:||City Manager|
|Leader Name2:||Roderick J. Wood|
|Established Date3:||October 22, 1906|
|Area Total Km2:||14.7|
|Area Land Km2:||14.7|
|Area Water Km2:||0.0|
|Area Total Sq Mi:||5.7|
|Area Land Sq Mi:||5.7|
|Area Water Sq Mi:||0.0|
|Area Water Percent:||0|
|Population As Of:||2000|
|Population Density Km2:||2298|
|Population Density Sq Mi:||5927|
|Utc Offset Dst:||-7|
|Postal Code Type:||ZIP Code|
|Postal Code:||90210, 90211, 90212|
|Area Code:||310, 323, 424|
|Blank Name:||FIPS code|
|Blank1 Name:||GNIS feature ID|
Beverly Hills is a city in the western part of Los Angeles County, California, United States. Beverly Hills and the neighboring city of West Hollywood are together entirely surrounded by the city of Los Angeles. The area's "Platinum Triangle" of wealthy neighborhoods is formed by Beverly Hills and the Los Angeles neighborhoods of Bel-Air and Holmby Hills. The population was 34,980 as of the 2006 census.
Beverly Hills is bordered on the north by Bel-Air and the Santa Monica Mountains, on the east by West Hollywood, the Carthay neighborhood of Los Angeles, and the Fairfax District of Los Angeles, and on the south by the Beverlywood.
Beverly Hills contains some of the largest homes in Los Angeles County and the nation. These homes range from the extravagant and luxurious in size, to the more elegant and modern homes, and then to the many small duplex rental units and detached homes with less than 3,000 sq ft (280 sq meters). The city's average household income is just over $87,000.
Gaspar de Portolà's land expedition arrived in the area on August 3, 1769. The group consisted of Portolà (the first governor of the province of California), some Franciscan priests and a cavalcade of leather-jacket soldiers and horses. On September 27, 1821, New Spain became Mexico and the province of California quietly changed flags.
That same decade, retired Spanish soldier Vicente Ferrer Valdez and his wife, Maria Rita Villa de Valdez, settled on the 4500acres Rancho Rodeo de las Aguas. Rita did not care for the name, however, and chose to call it San Antonio. The Valdez adobe home was built near what is the present day intersection of Sunset Boulevard and Alpine Drive. Valdez died in 1828, leaving Rita and eleven children.
California was ceded by Mexico to the United States in 1848 with the Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo. It was admitted as a U.S. state on September 9, 1850.
In 1852 Maria Rita Valdez De Villa asked to purchase a league of land for $4,000. She called the land Rancho Rodeo de las Aguas. It was later purchased by Major Henry Hancock (of Hancock Park fame), a New Hampshire attorney. He had come to the state during the 1849 gold rush. He used the land as a farm until 1868 when Dr. Edward Preusss, a native of Louisville, Kentucky, bought the land. 
A brief oil boom raised interest in the area in 1865 when the Pioneer Oil Company bought the rights to drill wells.
On October 22, 1906, the community of Beverly Hills was declared open by the Percy H. Clark Co., managers of the tract of land. It was described as a "beautiful suburban residence between this city [Los Angeles] and Santa Monica."  The community was designed to allow the buyers to build a custom house on the land they purchased in the new development. The Rodeo Land and Water Company(Burton Green)decided to name it Beverly Hills after Beverly Farms in Beverly, Massachusetts. Prior to this, the land was known as the Hammel and Denker ranch, which was one of Southern California's most fertile lands growing lima beans.  It was purchased by a syndicate of Henry E. Huntington, C. A. Canfield, W G. Karckhoff, W. S. Porter, Burton M. Green, M. W. Whittier. It lies in the old Morocco Junction of the Los Angeles Pacific road, where the Hollywood and Colgrove braches connect. The investment company marketed Beverly Hills as "between the city and the sea."
In September 1911, work began on the Beverly Hills Hotel. The Los Angeles Times would call it a "monster hostelry" since it cost $300,000.  At the time, lots were selling for around $2,000 each. 
In 1919, Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford bought land on Summit Drive and built Pickfair. In 1921, they announced that they would build the home which they had been "dreaming" about in Beverly Hills. 
Will Rogers, a wisecracking political humorist, wrote of the land boom in 1923, "Lots are sold so quickly and often out here that they put through escrow made out to the 12th owner... They couldn't possibly make out a separate deed for each purchaser; besides, he wouldn't have time to read it in the 10 minutes' time he owned the land."
The population in 1920 was 672; in 1924, it was 5,000; by 1930, it was 17,429.
The issuance of building permits in 1918 totaled $35,200; in 1919, $304,900; in 1921, $787,729; 1922, $1,838,994.
In early 1920, the Beverly Hills Speedway, a 1.25miles wood oval track with turns banked 35 degrees was opened. Joe Boyer ran his race car 110mph during the exhibition run . The races drew huge crowds and radio broadcasts were on a par with today's Indianapolis 500. There were also aviation shows, another national craze. The speedway was closed in 1924 and the site was later subdivided for housing and businesses.
In 1923, annexation to the city of Los Angeles was proposed, but faced opposition. Residents Mary Pickford, Will Rogers and others mobilized local voters against the plan. Those for annexation argued that Los Angeles would provide an adequate supply of better quality water for growth. Workers left bottles of sulfur-smelling water on the doorsteps of every home in Beverly Hills with a label that read: "Warning. Drink sparingly of this water as it has laxative qualities." Despite the campaign tactics, annexation was defeated 507 to 337. The following year, the city voted $400,000 in bonds to purchase the water system from the Beverly Hills Utilities Company and drill additional wells.
This fight for an independent city was arguably the first union of show business and politics in the United States. When Will Rogers became involved in the local city government the community received international advertising. In 1925, Rogers was given the title "Honorary Mayor of Beverly Hills," becoming the first and (to date) only person so honored as such. The same year, the citizens of the city voted a $100,000 bond issue to purchase with Los Angeles, Santa Monica and Venice 385acres for the building of UCLA. There were 96miles of paved streets in the city limits by 1927. In 1928, the Beverly-Wilshire Hotel on Wilshire Boulevard between El Camino and Rodeo Drives, part of the old Beverly Hills Speedway, was completed. That same year, Greystone Mansion was completed by Edward L. Doheny, Jr., the only son and heir of wealthy oil man Edward L. Doheny. And in 1930, horses were banned in the City of Beverly Hills.
In the early 1930s, Santa Monica Park was renamed Beverly Gardens and was extended to span the entire two mile (3 km) length of Santa Monica Boulevard through the city. At its Santa Monica and Wilshire corner, the Electric Fountain, a constant symphony of form and color at night, was installed, with a small sculpture at the top of a Tongva kneeling in prayer, homage to the heritage of Beverly Hills as a wellspring of fertility and abundance.
By 1933, the effects of the Depression were being felt in Beverly Hills. The city and school board cut salaries to save funds. In February, some 161 parcels of land were advertised for sale for delinquent lighting assessments. The Chamber of Commerce established an employment bureau and the mayor requested a branch welfare office from the County of Los Angeles. By 1937, the city had weathered the storm of the Depression and was riding the crest of a wave of retail sales that reached more than $20,000,000 and bank deposits topped the $25,000,000 figure. Property values of that year showed a 30% increase over the previous year.
By the 1950s, small vacant lots remained and developers cropped whole mountains to ease the housing shortage. The stables and trails of the unusually large Doheny family estate, Greystone Mansion was bought by Paul Trousdale. The Trousdale Estates area was eventually annexed and an expensive housing development began to take shape in the hills above the city.
Beverly Hills marketed itself as one of the most glamorous places in the world to shop. The Golden Triangle, with Rodeo Drive at its center, was marketed as the apex of chic shopping and fashion.
The Via Rodeo, the first new street in Beverly Hills in seventy-six years, was completed in 1990. The Spanish cobblestone street leads to 2 Rodeo Drive, a "mini-mall" with upscale shops and restaurants. In 1992, the Beverly Hills Civic Center was opened. Designed by architect Charles Moore, it links the new public library, fire and police departments with the historic City Hall.
The city's image has been enhanced by being featured in television shows and movies set in Beverly Hills, including the The Jack Benny Program (1950 to 1954), The Beverly Hillbillies (1962 to 1971), the Beverly Hills Cop movies, Beverly Hills 90210 (1990 to 2000), and 90210 (2008 - ). There's a worldwide hit animation series Totally Spies based in Beverly Hills, as three teen girls attend fictional Beverly High School are part-time undercover spies.
Rodeo Drive, Beverly and Canon Drives all recently underwent construction to widen the sidewalks and beautify the streets. New construction has also just been completed that added more parking for visitors to the famed shopping area.
90210 is a ZIP code in Beverly Hills, made famous by the television series Beverly Hills, 90210 and because of the celebrity residents that reside in the area. Beverly Hills also has three additional ZIP codes based on the general area. These ZIP codes are 90211, 90212 and 90213. In 1983, the local weekly magazine "Beverly Hills 213" debuted as the city's first color ultra-luxury magazine.
Beverly Hills is surrounded by the city of Los Angeles, albeit the small Northeast corner shares the boundary along Doheny Boulevard with West Hollywood, another city known for the Sunset Strip that includes Beverly Hills on the famous Sunset Boulevard.
Main thoroughfares include Wilshire Boulevard, Santa Monica Boulevard, and Sunset Boulevard. Shopping streets include Beverly Drive and Rodeo Drive. Coldwater Canyon Drive is the main road through Beverly Hills into the San Fernando Valley.
In spite of the city's name, most residents live in the "flats" of Beverly Hills, a relatively flat land that includes all of Beverly Hills south of Sunset Blvd. The homes in the hills north of Sunset Boulevard have a much higher value than average homes in the rest of Beverly Hills, and the most expensive homes in Beverly Hills are all in the hills. Wilshire Boulevard divides the "flats" into two areas, locally know as "North or South of the tracks," referring to the train tracks that were once used by the old Pacific Electric streetcar line that traversed Beverly Hills along Wilshire Blvd. Homes south of Wilshire have more urban square and rectangular lots, generally smaller than those to the north. There are also more apartment buildings south of Wilshire Blvd than anywhere else in Beverly Hills, and the average home value south of Wilshire is the lowest in Beverly Hills.
Except for the Beverly Hills Hotel and the Beverly Hilton Hotel, all businesses and government offices in Beverly Hills are located south of Santa Monica Blvd. Nearby the Beverly Hills city limits is the famous Los Angeles Country Club, with its two golf courses, where golfers tee up beside celebrities.
As of the 2000 censusWeb site: States Census Bureau] American FactFinder]. 2008-01-31. , there were 33,784 people. The racial makeup of the city was 85.1% White (c. 20% Iranian American), 1.80% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 7.10% Asian, 1.50% from other races, and 4.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Like the rest of Los Angeles County, Beverly Hills is home to a large Iranian-American community. There has been a recent estimate that Iranians represent as much as 30% of the city's population and 40% of the students in public schools.  This estimate is not immediately evident in Census Bureau data as the Census Bureau defines the "White" race category as "people having origins in any of the original peoples of .. the Middle East .." 
In the city the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age for the city was 41 years old.
There were 15,035 households out of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 3.02.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $82,669, which is typical for an upper-middle class suburb and close to the median household income of San Jose, California. Yet, the median price for an owner-occupied house exceeds $1,000,000. This is because of an unusually large proportion of renters in the city. There are so many renters in Beverly Hills that homeowners are not the majority. Renter-occupied housing units comprise 56.6 percent of the city's housing stock and the median household income for renter-occupied housing units in the city is $48,179, which is just slightly above average for the entire United States.
The median income for a family is $110,040. Males had a median income of $72,004 versus $46,217 for females. The per capita income for the city was $65,507. 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, most of those were 65 and older Senior citizens.
The median household income for an owner-occupied housing unit is $125,707.
Despite its reputation, 90210 is not the wealthiest ZIP Code in the United States or even California (the wealthiest ZIP Code in California is 94027, generally located in Atherton, California; the wealthiest ZIP Code in the United States is 10022, which is located in New York City).
See also: Mayor of Beverly Hills
Of the 21,426 registered voters in Beverly Hills; approximately 50.3% are Democrats and 25.9% are Republicans. The remaining 23.8% are Independents or are registered with one of the many smaller political parties, like the Green Party or the Libertarian Party.
The heavy Democratic advantage makes Beverly Hills one of the more liberal cities in Southern California. In 2004, John Kerry won 62% of the vote compared to 37% for George W. Bush. In the 2006 state governor election, Arnold Schwarzenegger got nearly 45% of the vote but won a second term by a state-wide majority, while Democratic opponent Phil Angelides had just over 54%.
Beverly Hills is a general law city governed by a five-member City Council including the mayor and vice mayor. City Council hires a city manager to carry out policies and serve as executive officer. Every odd-numbered year either two or three members are elected by the people to serve a four-year term. Each March the City Council meets and chooses one of its members as mayor and one as vice-mayor.
Barry Brucker is mayor and Frank Fenton is vice mayor. Roderick J. Wood is city manager. The other three city council members are Linda J. Briskman, Jimmy Delshad  and Nancy Krasne. In city council meetings, a few celebrities showed up to speak on local political issues.
The Beverly Hills Police Department has its stake to claim in serving the city in law enforcement, included run-ins with celebrities in its history. The police department was featured on the 1986 comedy movie Down and Out in Beverly Hills (However, establishing - exterior - shots of the Pasadena City Hall building, was used to represent the Beverly Hills Police Station in all three Beverly Hills Cop films).
In the state legislature Beverly Hills is located in the 23rd Senate District, represented by Democrat Fran Pavley, and in the 42nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Mike Feuer. Federally, Beverly Hills is located in California's 30th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +20 and is represented by Democrat Henry Waxman.
The United States Postal Service operates the Beverly Hills Post Office at 325 North Maple Drive, the Crescent Post Office at 323 North Crescent Drive, the Beverly Post Office at 312 South Beverly Drive, , and the Eastgate Post Office at 8383 Wilshire Boulevard.  The Beverly Hills Post Office received listing in the National Register of Historic Places on January 11, 1985.
Beverly Hills has four consulates (Armenia, Brazil, Colombia, and Ecuador.  ) The main offices of MySpace are in Beverly Hills. In addition the Los Angeles-area offices of Aeroflot are in Beverly Hills.
Los Angeles neighborhoods near Beverly Hills are served by Los Angeles Unified School District.
Beverly Hills also has several private schools.
Other Beverly Hills private schools include Harkham Hillel Hebrew Academy, Emanuel Academy of Beverly Hills, and Page Private School.
Beverly Hills is served by the following newspapers: Canyon News, Beverly Hills Courier, Beverly Hills Weekly, and Beverly Hills 213 Magazine. The Beverly Hills Post used to be one of the main newspapers, but it went out of business. Due to its location, it is also served by all Los Angeles TV, radio, and newspaper media.
The name Beverly Hills has often been employed as a nickname for a fashionable, affluent area. For example, Ladera Heights, an unincorporated area in southwestern Los Angeles County, has been dubbed the "Black Beverly Hills" . Similarly, the city of Scottsdale has been given the nickname "Beverly Hills of Arizona" for its upscale shops, stately homes, and high household income. Calabasas, California located in the San Fernando Valley is considered the Beverly Hills of the valley. Respectively, Buckhead, the uptown district of Atlanta, has been dubbed "The Beverly Hills of the East" due to the large number (as well as the highest concentration) of upscale shops, elaborate homes, and high average income.