|Election Name:||Australian federal election, 1998|
|Previous Election:||Australian federal election, 1996|
|Next Election:||Australian federal election, 2001|
|Seats For Election:||All 148 seats in the Australian House of Representatives |
and 40 (of the 76) seats in the Australian Senate
|Last Election1:||94 seats|
|Party2:||Australian Labor Party|
|Last Election2:||49 seats|
|Before Election:||John Howard|
|Before Party:||Liberal/National coalition|
|After Election:||John Howard|
|After Party:||Liberal/National coalition|
Federal elections were held in Australia on 3 October 1998. All 148 seats in the House of Representatives and 40 seats in the 76-member Senate were up for election. The incumbent Liberal Party of Australia led by Prime Minister of Australia John Howard and coalition partner the National Party of Australia led by Tim Fischer defeated the opposition Australian Labor Party led by Kim Beazley.
|bgcolor=red||Australian Labor Party||4,454,306||40.10||+1.34||67||+18|
|bgcolor=blue||Liberal Party of Australia||3,800,721||34.21||-4.83||64||-11|
|bgcolor=yellow||One Nation Party||936,621||8.43||0||0|
|bgcolor=green||National Party of Australia||588,088||5.29||-2.91||16||-3|
|bgcolor=red||Australian Labor Party||50.98||+4.61||67||+18|
|Party||Votes||%||Swing||Seats Won||Seats Held|
|bgcolor=red||Australian Labor Party||4,182,963||37.31||+1.16||17||29|
|Liberal/National (Joint Ticket)||2,452,407||21.87||-2.62||5|
|bgcolor=blue||Liberal Party of Australia||1,528,730||13.63||-2.61||11||31|
|bgcolor=yellow||One Nation Party||1,007,439||8.99||1||1|
|bgcolor=green||National Party of Australia||208,536||1.86||-1.01||0||3|
|bgcolor=brown||Country Liberal Party||36,063||0.32||-0.05||1||1|
The election chose the Members of the Australian House of Representatives, 1998-2001 and half of the Members of the Australian Senate, 1999-2002.
Despite gaining almost 51 percent of the two party preferred vote, the Australian Labor Party fell short of forming government by 8 seats. The government was re-elected with 49.02% of the two-party-preferred vote, compared to 50.98% for the Australian Labor Party, the largest difference of five election results where the winner did not gain a two party preferred majority, since 2PP results were first estimated in 1949.
The election on 3 October 1998 was held six months earlier than required by the Constitution. Prime Minister John Howard made the announcement following the launch of the coalition's Goods and Services Tax (GST) policy launch and a 5-week advertising campaign. The ensuing election was almost entirely dominated by the proposed 10% GST and proposed income tax cuts.
In reaction to One Nation's policies, the other significant parties all agreed to preference against One Nation. One Nation won no lower house seats, with its founder and leader Pauline Hanson defeated on preferences by the Liberal candidate in the Queensland electorate of Blair. In Queensland, One Nation polled 14.83% of the Senate vote, sufficient to elect one senator without the need for preferences. http://www.aec.gov.au/_content/When/elections/1998/senate/fp_state.htmThe seat initially went to Heather Hill, but she was subsequently disqualified under Section 44 of the Constitution, and replaced by Len Harris.
The ALP made the single biggest gain by an Opposition party following an election defeat; the Coalition's majority was cut from 40 to 12. The swing was sufficient in all states to deliver government to the ALP, but the uneven nature of the swing denied Kim Beazley the extra few seats necessary to command a majority in the House.
|Seat||Party, pre-1998||Member, pre-1998||Margin, pre-1998 %||Swing %||Margin, post-1998 %||Member, post-1998||Party, post-1998|
|Bass, Tas||Liberal Party of Australia||Hon Warwick Smith||4.57||4.63||0.06||Michelle O'Byrne||Australian Labor Party|
|Bendigo, Vic||Liberal Party of Australia||vacant||0.88||4.35||3.47||Steve Gibbons||Australian Labor Party|
|Bowman, Qld||Liberal Party of Australia||Andrea West||0.89||4.18||3.29||Hon Con Sciacca||Australian Labor Party|
|Braddon, Tas||Liberal Party of Australia||Hon Chris Miles||5.69||10.02||4.33||Sid Sidebottom||Australian Labor Party|
|Canning, WA||Liberal Party of Australia||Ricky Johnston||1.64||5.16||3.52||Jane Gerick||Australian Labor Party|
|Capricornia, Qld||National Party of Australia||Paul Marek||3.46||8.75||5.29||Kirsten Livermore||Australian Labor Party|
|Chisholm, Vic||Liberal Party of Australia||vacant||2.60||4.67||2.07||Anna Burke||Australian Labor Party|
|Cowan, WA||Liberal Party of Australia||Richard Evans||4.06||7.62||3.56||Graham Edwards||Australian Labor Party|
|Curtin, WA||Independent||Allan Rocher||7.28||N/A**||13.28||Julie Bishop||Liberal Party of Australia|
|Dickson, Qld||Liberal Party of Australia||Tony Smith||3.90||4.02||0.12||Cheryl Kernot||Australian Labor Party|
|Griffith, Qld||Liberal Party of Australia||Graeme McDougall||1.50||3.93||2.43||Kevin Rudd||Australian Labor Party|
|Hume, NSW||National Party of Australia||vacant||4.35||3.71||8.06||Alby Schultz||Liberal Party of Australia|
|Kingston, SA||Liberal Party of Australia||Susan Jeanes||2.01||2.48||0.47||David Cox||Australian Labor Party|
|Kalgoorlie, WA||Independent||Graeme Campbell||10.35||N/A**||2.10||Barry Haase||Liberal Party of Australia|
|Lilley, Qld||Liberal Party of Australia||Elizabeth Grace||0.80||3.93||3.13||Wayne Swan||Australian Labor Party|
|Lowe, NSW||Liberal Party of Australia||Paul Zammit||2.46||7.09||4.63||John Murphy||Australian Labor Party|
|McMillan, Vic||Liberal Party of Australia||Russell Broadbent||2.07||2.64||0.57||Christian Zahra||Australian Labor Party|
|Moore, WA||Independent||Paul Filing||13.28||N/A**||4.13||Mal Washer||Liberal Party of Australia|
|Northern Territory, NT||Country Liberal Party||Nick Dondas||0.37||0.94||0.57||Warren Snowdon||Australian Labor Party|
|Oxley, Qld||One Nation Party||Pauline Hanson||0.35||7.85||8.20||Bernie Ripoll||Australian Labor Party|
|Paterson, NSW||Liberal Party of Australia||Bob Baldwin||0.43||1.65||1.22||Bob Horne||Australian Labor Party|
|Stirling, WA||Liberal Party of Australia||Eoin Cameron||3.22||4.26||1.04||Jann McFarlane||Australian Labor Party|
|Swan, WA||Liberal Party of Australia||Don Randall||3.63||6.33||2.70||Kim Wilkie||Australian Labor Party|
The 1998 election included the first publicised incident of online electoral conflict when the Liberal website was allegedly hacked by supporters of the Labor party.