He graduated from the University of King's College, Nova Scotia, with a Doctor of Civil Law (DCL).
He was Director of Supplies and Transport at the War Office from 1878 to 1888, Assistant Under-Secretary of State for War from 1888 to 1895.. He was Under-Secretary at the War Office from 1895 to 1897.
Haliburton was made Deputy Lieutenant of the County of London in 1893, and Justice of the Peace. He was invested as a Companion, Order of the Bath (CB) in 1880, Knight Commander, Order of the Bath (KCB) in 1885, Knight Grand Cross, Order of the Bath (GCB) in 1897.
Baron Haliburton, of Windsor, in the Province of Nova Scotia and Dominion of Canada, was a title created in the Peerage of the United Kingdom on 11 June 1898 for Arthur Haliburton, on whose death on 21 April 1907 in Bournemouth, the barony became extinct.
He married Mariana Emily Schuster, daughter of Leo Schuster, on 3 November 1877. She had been married to Sir William Dickason Clay from 1855 until his death in 1876. They had no issue.