2006 FIFA World Cup explained

Tourney Name:FIFA World Cup
Year:2006
Other Titles:FIFA Fussball Weltmeisterschaft
Deutschland 2006
Size:150px
Country:Germany
Dates:9 June – 9 July
Confederations:6
Num Teams:32
Venues:12
Cities:12
Champion:Italy
Count:4
Second:France
Third:Germany
Fourth:Portugal
Matches:64
Goals:147
Attendance:3353655
Top Scorer: Miroslav Klose (5 goals)
Player: Zinedine Zidane

The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th instance of the FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament. It was held from 9 June to 9 July 2006 in Germany, which won the right to host the event in July 2000. Teams representing 198 national football associations from all six populated continents participated in the qualification process which began in September 2003. Thirty-one teams qualified from this process, along with the host nation, Germany, for the finals tournament.

The tournament was won by Italy, who claimed their fourth World Cup title. They defeated France 5–3 in a penalty shootout in the final, after extra time had finished in a 1–1 draw. Germany defeated Portugal 3–1 to finish third.

The 2006 World Cup stands as one of the most watched events in television history, garnering an estimated 26.29 billion non-unique viewers, compiled over the course of the tournament. The final attracted an estimated audience of 715.1 million people.[1] The 2006 World Cup ranks fourth in non-unique viewers, behind the 1994, the 2002, and the 1990 FIFA World Cups.[2] As the winner, Italy will represent the World in the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup.

Host selection

See main article: FIFA World Cup hosts. The vote to choose the hosts of the 2006 tournament was held in July 2000 in Zürich, Switzerland. It involved four bidding nations after Brazil had withdrawn three days earlier: Germany, South Africa, England and Morocco.[3] Three rounds of voting were required, each round eliminating the nation with the least votes. The first two rounds were held on 6 July, and the final round was held on 7 July. Morocco was the first to be eliminated when it got only three votes out of a possible 24; England was eliminated in the second round with only two votes.[4] Finally, Germany won the final round of voting 12 - 11 over South Africa, but the success of Germany's bid was marred by a hoax bribery affair which even led to calls for a re-vote.[5] On the night before the vote, German satirical magazine Titanic sent letters to FIFA representatives, offering gifts in exchange for their vote for Germany. Oceania delegate Charles Dempsey, who had been instructed to support South Africa, abstained, citing "intolerable pressure" on the eve of the vote.[6] Had Dempsey voted as originally instructed, the vote would have resulted with a 12 - 12 tie, and FIFA president Sepp Blatter, who favoured the South African bid,[7] would have had to cast the deciding vote.[8]

Qualification

See main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup qualification. 198 teams attempted to qualify for the 2006 World Cup.[9] Germany, the host nation, was granted automatic qualification, with the remaining 31 finals places divided among the continental confederations. This was the first World Cup for which the title holders were not granted automatic qualification. Thirteen places were contested by UEFA teams (Europe), five by CAF teams (Africa), four by CONMEBOL teams (South America), four by AFC teams (Asia), and three by CONCACAF teams (North and Central America and Caribbean). The remaining two places were decided by playoffs between AFC and CONCACAF and between CONMEBOL and OFC (Oceania).

Eight nations qualified for the finals for the first time: Angola, Côte d'Ivoire, Czech Republic, Ghana, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Ukraine and Serbia & Montenegro. Czech Republic and Ukraine were making their first appearance as independent nations, but had previously been represented as part of Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union respectively; Serbia & Montenegro had competed as Yugoslavia in 1998, as well as making up part of Yugoslav teams from 1930 to 1990. For the first time since the 1982 World Cup, all six confederations were represented at the finals tournament.

Venues

Germany in 2006 had a plethora of football stadia which satisfied FIFA's minimum capacity of 40,000 for World Cup matches. The still-standing Olympiastadion in Munich (69,250) was not used even though FIFA's regulations allow one city to use two stadia; Düsseldorf's LTU Arena (51,500), Bremen's Weserstadion (43,000) and Mönchengladbach's Borussia-Park (46,249) were also unemployed during the tournament.

Twelve stadia were selected to host the World Cup matches. During the tournament, many of the stadia were known by different names, as FIFA prohibits sponsorship of stadia unless the stadium sponsors were also official FIFA sponsors.[10] For example, the Allianz Arena in Munich was known during the competition as FIFA World Cup Stadium, Munich (or in German: FIFA WM-Stadion München), and even the letters of the company Allianz were removed or covered.[10] These new names are reflected in the table in the brackets. Some of the stadia also had a lower capacity for the World Cup, as FIFA regulations ban standing room; nonetheless, this was accommodated as several stadiums had an UEFA 5-star ranking.

width=33%width=33%width=33%
Olympiastadion
(Olympiastadion)
Location: Berlin
Capacity: 74,176
Club: Hertha BSC Berlin
Signal Iduna Park
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Dortmund)
Location: Dortmund
Capacity: 67,000
Club: Borussia Dortmund
Allianz Arena
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Munich)
Location: Munich
Capacity: 66,016
Clubs: Bayern München, TSV 1860 München]
Mercedes-Benz-Arena
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Stuttgart)
Location: Stuttgart
Capacity: 54,267
Club: VfB Stuttgart
Veltins-Arena
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Gelsenkirchen)
Location: Gelsenkirchen
Capacity: 53,804
Club: FC Schalke 04
AOL Arena
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Hamburg)
Location: Hamburg
Capacity: 51,055
Club: Hamburger SV
Commerzbank-Arena
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Frankfurt)
Location: Frankfurt
Capacity: 48,132
Club: Eintracht Frankfurt
RheinEnergieStadion
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Cologne)
Location: Cologne
Capacity: 46,134
Club: 1. FC Köln
AWD-Arena
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Hanover)
Location: Hanover
Capacity: 44,652
Club: Hannover 96
Zentralstadion
(Zentralstadion)
Location: Leipzig
Capacity: 44,199
Club: FC Sachsen Leipzig
Fritz-Walter-Stadion
(Fritz-Walter-Stadion)
Location: Kaiserslautern
Capacity: 43,450
Club: 1. FC Kaiserslautern
EasyCredit-Stadion
(Frankenstadion)
Location: Nuremberg
Capacity: 41,926
Club: 1. FC Nuremberg

Squads

Squads for the 2006 World Cup consisted of 23 players, same as the previous tournament in 2002. Each participating national association had to confirm its 23-player squad by 15 May 2006.[11] Replacement of injured players was permitted until 24 hours before the team's first match.

Groups

Seeds

See also: 2006 FIFA World Cup seeding. The eight seeded teams for the 2006 tournament were announced on 6 December 2005. The seeds comprised Pot A in the draw. Pot B contained the unseeded qualifiers from South America, Africa and Oceania; Pot C contained eight of the nine remaining European teams, excluding Serbia and Montenegro. Pot D contained unseeded teams from the CONCACAF region and Asia. A special pot contained Serbia and Montenegro: this was done to ensure that no group contained three European teams.[12] In the special pot, Serbia and Montenegro was drawn first, then their group was drawn from the three seeded non-European nations, Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico.

It had been predetermined that, as the host, Germany would be placed in Group A, thus being assured of the venues of their group matches in advance of the draw. FIFA had also announced in advance that Brazil (the defending champion) would be allocated to Group F.

width=20%Pot Awidth=20%Pot Bwidth=20%Pot Cwidth=20%Pot Dwidth=20%Special Pot































On 9 December 2005 the draw was held, and the group assignments and order of matches were determined. After the draw was completed, many football commentators remarked that Group C appeared to be the group of death.[13] [14] In actuality, however, Argentina and the Netherlands both qualified with a game to spare with comfortable wins over Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) and Serbia and Montenegro respectively.

Group system

The first round, or group stage, saw the thirty-two teams divided into eight groups of four teams. Each group was a round-robin of six games, where each team played one match against each of the other teams in the same group. Teams were awarded three points for a win, one point for a draw and none for a defeat. The teams coming first and second in each group qualified for the Round of 16.

Ranking criteria

If teams were level on points, they were ranked on the following criteria in order:

  1. Greatest total goal difference in the three group matches
  2. Greatest number of goals scored in the three group matches
  3. If teams remained level after those criteria, a mini-group would be formed from those teams, who would be ranked on:
    1. Most points earned in matches against other teams in the tie
    2. Greatest goal difference in matches against other teams in the tie
    3. Greatest number of goals scored in matches against other teams in the tie
  4. If teams remained level after all these criteria, FIFA would hold a drawing of lots

In the original version of the rules for the final tournament, the ranking criteria were in a different order, with head-to-head results taking precedence over total goal difference. The rules were changed to the above in advance of the tournament, but older versions were still available on the FIFA and UEFA websites, causing some confusion among those trying to identify the correct criteria.[15]

In any event, the final tournament saw only two pairs of teams level on points: Argentina and the Netherlands at 7 points in Group C; Tunisia and Saudi Arabia at 1 point in Group H. Both of these ties were resolved on total goal difference. Also, in both cases the teams had tied their match, so the order of ranking criteria made no difference.

Finals tournament

The finals tournament of the 2006 World Cup began on 9 June. The 32 teams were divided into eight groups of four teams each, within which the teams competed in a round-robin tournament to determine which two of those four teams would advance to the sixteen-team knock-out stage, which started on 24 June. In total, 64 games were played.

Hosting

Although Germany failed to win the Cup, the tournament was considered a great success for Germany in general. Germany also experienced a sudden increase in patriotic spirit with flag waving, traditionally frowned upon by German society since World War II, whenever the German team played.[16]

Traditional powers dominate

Despite early success by Australia, Ecuador and Ghana, the tournament marked a return to dominance of the traditional football powers. Four years after a 2002 tournament in which teams from North America (United States), Africa (Senegal), and Asia (South Korea) made it deep into the knockout stages and Turkey finished third, all eight seeded teams progressed to the knockout stages, and none of the quarter-finalists were from outside Europe or South America. Six former champions took part in the quarter-final round, with Ukraine and Euro 2004 runners-up Portugal as the only relative outsiders.[17] Argentina and Brazil were eliminated in the quarter-finals, leaving an all-European final four for only the fourth time (after the 1934, 1966 and 1982 tournaments).

Scoring

Despite the early goals that flooded the group stages, the knock-out phase had a much lower goals per match ratio. A prime example of the dearth of goals was Portugal, which only scored in the 23rd minute of the Round of 16, and did not score again until the 88th minute of the third place play-off. Italy, Germany, Argentina, Brazil and France were the only teams to score more than one goal in a knockout match. Germany was one of the exceptions to the rule, tending to play an attacking style of football throughout the knock-out stage, which was reflected by their being the team that scored the most goals (14).

Germany's Miroslav Klose scored 5 goals to claim the Golden Boot, the lowest total to win the prize since 1962. No other player scored more than three goals. No player from the winning Italian squad scored more than two goals, though ten different players had scored for the team, tying the record for the most goalscorers from any one team.

For the first time ever in the FIFA World Cup, the first and last goals of the tournament were scored by defenders. Philipp Lahm, the German wingback, scored the opener against Costa Rica after only 5 minutes of the opening match. In the final, Marco Materazzi, the Italian centre back, out-jumped Patrick Vieira and headed in the last goal of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.

Unprecedented number of cards

In comparison to earlier World Cups, the tournament was notable for the number of yellow and red cards given out, breaking the record set by the 1998 World Cup. Players received a record-breaking 345 yellow cards and 28 red cards, with Russian referee Valentin Ivanov handing out 16 yellow and 4 red cards in the round of 16 match between Portugal and the Netherlands (see the Battle of Nuremberg). Portugal had two players suspended for each of the quarter-final and semi-final matches, respectively. FIFA President Sepp Blatter hinted that he may allow some rule changes for future tournaments so that earlier accumulated bookings will not force players to miss the final, should their teams make it that far. The tournament also saw English referee Graham Poll mistakenly hand out three yellow cards to Croatia's Josip Šimunić in their match against Australia.

The high number of yellow and red cards shown also prompted discussion about the referees. FIFA Officials and President Sepp Blatter received criticism for allegedly making rules too rigid and taking discretion away from referees.[18]

Results

All times are Central European Summer Time (UTC+2).

Group stage

In the following tables:

The teams placed first and second (shaded in green) qualified to the round of 16.

Group A

See main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Group A. In the opening match of the tournament, Germany and Costa Rica played an entertaining game which ended 4 - 2 for the host in the highest scoring opening match in the tournament's history. Germany went on to win the Group A after edging Poland and breezing past Ecuador 3 - 0. Despite the defeat, Ecuador had already joined the host in the Round of 16 having beaten Poland and Costa Rica 2 - 0 and 3 - 0, respectively.

width=175Teamwidth=20 abbr="Played"Pldwidth=20 abbr="Won"Wwidth=20 abbr="Drawn"Dwidth=20 abbr="Lost"Lwidth=20 abbr="Goals for"GFwidth=20 abbr="Goals against"GAwidth=20 abbr="Goal difference"GDwidth=20 abbr="Points"Pts
330082+69
320153+26
310224−23
300339−60
width=25%width=10%
9 June 2006
4 – 2
0 – 2
14 June 2006
1 – 0
15 June 2006
3 – 0
20 June 2006
0 – 3
1 – 2

Group B

See main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Group B. In Group B, England and Sweden managed to push Paraguay into third place after narrow victories over the South Americans. Trinidad and Tobago earned some international respect after a tie with Sweden in their opening game and managing to hold England scoreless for 83 minutes, until goals from Liverpool's Peter Crouch and Steven Gerrard sealed a 2 - 0 win for the Three Lions. Sweden qualified for the knockout rounds after drawing 2 - 2 with England to maintain their 38-year unbeaten record against their opponents.

width=175Teamwidth=20 abbr="Played"Pldwidth=20 abbr="Won"Wwidth=20 abbr="Drawn"Dwidth=20 abbr="Lost"Lwidth=20 abbr="Goals for"GFwidth=20 abbr="Goals against"GAwidth=20 abbr="Goal difference"GDwidth=20 abbr="Points"Pts
321052+37
312032+15
31022203
301204−41
width=25%width=10%
10 June 2006
1 – 0
0 – 0
15 June 2006
2 – 0
1 – 0
20 June 2006
2 – 2
2 – 0

Group C

See main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Group C. Both Argentina and Netherlands qualified from Group C with a game remaining, with the two-time world champion topping the group on goal difference having hammered Serbia and Montenegro 6 - 0 and beating Ivory Coast 2 - 1. The Dutch picked up 1 - 0 and 2 - 1 victories over Serbia and Montenegro and Ivory Coast, respectively. Les Éléphants defeated Serbia and Montenegro 3 - 2 in their final game, in Serbia & Montenegro's last ever international before the break-up of the country.

width=175Teamwidth=20 abbr="Played"Pldwidth=20 abbr="Won"Wwidth=20 abbr="Drawn"Dwidth=20 abbr="Lost"Lwidth=20 abbr="Goals for"GFwidth=20 abbr="Goals against"GAwidth=20 abbr="Goal difference"GDwidth=20 abbr="Points"Pts
321081+77
321031+27
310256−13
3003210−80
width=25%width=10%
10 June 2006
2 – 1
11 June 2006
0 – 1
16 June 2006
6 – 0
2 – 1
21 June 2006
0 – 0
3 – 2

Group D

See main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Group D. Portugal coasted through in Group D, picking up the maximum number of points, with Mexico qualifying in second. Iran rued missed chances against Mexico in their opening 1 - 3 defeat and were eliminated in their match against Portugal. They fought hard against the Portuguese, but went down 2 - 0. Their last game against Angola ended in 1 - 1 draw. The Africans had a respectable first World Cup tournament after earning draws with Mexico (0 - 0) and Iran.

width=175Teamwidth=20 abbr="Played"Pldwidth=20 abbr="Won"Wwidth=20 abbr="Drawn"Dwidth=20 abbr="Lost"Lwidth=20 abbr="Goals for"GFwidth=20 abbr="Goals against"GAwidth=20 abbr="Goal difference"GDwidth=20 abbr="Points"Pts
330051+49
311143+14
302112−12
301226−41
width=25%width=10%
11 June 2006
3 – 1
0 – 1
16 June 2006
0 – 0
17 June 2006
2 – 0
21 June 2006
2 – 1
1 – 1

Group E

See main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Group E. In Group E, Italy went through to the Round of 16 conceding just one goal (an own goal) in the group phase against the United States. The Americans bowed out of the tournament after disappointing results against the Czech Republic and Ghana, 0 - 3 and 1 - 2, respectively, despite a hugely encouraging 1 - 1 draw (with 9 vs 10 men) against the Azzurri. Tournament debutant Ghana caused one of the surprises of the tournament, as they joined Italy in the Round of 16, following victories over the Czech Republic and the United States. Daniele De Rossi was suspended for 4 games following his sending-off against the Americans.

width=175Teamwidth=20 abbr="Played"Pldwidth=20 abbr="Won"Wwidth=20 abbr="Drawn"Dwidth=20 abbr="Lost"Lwidth=20 abbr="Goals for"GFwidth=20 abbr="Goals against"GAwidth=20 abbr="Goal difference"GDwidth=20 abbr="Points"Pts
321051+47
320143+16
310234−13
301226−41
width=25%width=10%
12 June 2006
0 – 3
2 – 0
17 June 2006
0 – 2
1 – 1
22 June 2006
0 – 2
2 – 1

Group F

See main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Group F. Group F included the World Champions Brazil, Croatia, Japan, and Australia. Playing in their first World Cup for 32 years, the Socceroos came from behind to defeat Japan 3 - 1, and, despite losing 0 - 2 to Brazil, a 2 - 2 draw with Croatia was enough to give the Australians a place in the Round of 16 in a remarkable game where two players were sent-off for second bookings and one for a third booking by English referee Graham Poll. Australia became the first ever Oceanian team to reach the knockout stages. The Brazilians, although they won all three games, did not live up to expectations, only just scraping past supposedly weaker opposition, despite a great goal against Croatia by Kaká. Croatia and Japan went out of the tournament without a single win.

width=175Teamwidth=20 abbr="Played"Pldwidth=20 abbr="Won"Wwidth=20 abbr="Drawn"Dwidth=20 abbr="Lost"Lwidth=20 abbr="Goals for"GFwidth=20 abbr="Goals against"GAwidth=20 abbr="Goal difference"GDwidth=20 abbr="Points"Pts
330071+69
31115504
302123−12
301227−51
width=25%width=10%
12 June 2006
3 – 1
13 June 2006
1 – 0
18 June 2006
0 – 0
2 – 0
22 June 2006
1 – 4
2 – 2

Group G

See main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Group G. France started slowly in Group G, only managing a scoreless draw against Switzerland and a 1 - 1 draw against South Korea. However, with captain Zinedine Zidane suspended, their 2 - 0 win against Togo was enough for them to advance to the knockout round. Les Bleus were joined by the group winners, Switzerland, who defeated South Korea 2 - 0, and did not concede a goal in the tournament. Four points were not enough to see the Koreans through to the Round of 16 (the only team for which this was the case), while debutants Togo, after several rows about money and the general dislike amongst the camp of their star player, Emmanuel Adebayor of Arsenal, exited without a point.

width=175Teamwidth=20 abbr="Played"Pldwidth=20 abbr="Won"Wwidth=20 abbr="Drawn"Dwidth=20 abbr="Lost"Lwidth=20 abbr="Goals for"GFwidth=20 abbr="Goals against"GAwidth=20 abbr="Goal difference"GDwidth=20 abbr="Points"Pts
321040+47
312031+25
311134−14
300316−50
width=25%width=10%
13 June 2006
2 – 1
0 – 0
18 June 2006
1 – 1
19 June 2006
0 – 2
23 June 2006
0 – 2
2 – 0

Group H

See main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Group H. Spain dominated Group H, picking up the maximum number of points, scoring 8 goals, and conceding only 1. Ukraine, despite being beaten 4 - 0 by Spain in their first World Cup game, took advantage of the weaker opponents to beat Saudi Arabia 4 - 0 and scrape past Tunisia 1 - 0 thanks to a 70th minute penalty by Andriy Shevchenko, to reach the Round of 16. Saudi Arabia and Tunisia went out of the tournament having 1 point each, thanks to a 2 - 2 draw against each other.

width=175Teamwidth=20 abbr="Played"Pldwidth=20 abbr="Won"Wwidth=20 abbr="Drawn"Dwidth=20 abbr="Lost"Lwidth=20 abbr="Goals for"GFwidth=20 abbr="Goals against"GAwidth=20 abbr="Goal difference"GDwidth=20 abbr="Points"Pts
330081+79
320154+16
301236−31
301227−51
width=25%width=10%
14 June 2006
4 – 0
2 – 2
19 June 2006
0 – 4
3 – 1
23 June 2006
0 – 1
1 – 0

Knockout stage

See main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup knockout stage. The knockout stage was a single-elimination tournament involving the sixteen teams that qualified from the group stage of the tournament. There were four rounds of matches, with each round eliminating half of the teams entering that round. The successive rounds were: Round of 16, Quarter-finals, Semi-finals, Final. There was also a play-off to decide third/fourth place. For each game in the knockout stage, a draw was followed by thirty minutes of extra time (two fifteen minute halves); if scores were still level there would be a penalty shootout (at least five penalties each, and more if necessary) to determine who progressed to the next round. Scores after extra time are indicated by (a.e.t.), and penalty shoot outs are indicated by (pen.).

Round of 16

In the second round, conceding two early goals in the first 12 minutes to Germany effectively ended the Swedes' hopes of progressing to the quarter-finals. Argentina struggled to get past Mexico until a Maxi Rodríguez goal in extra time put the Albiceleste in the quarterfinals. In a highly controversial match, Australia's journey ended when Italians were awarded a controversial penalty deep into the remaining seconds of the match. The Italians had spent much of the game with only ten men on the field, following an equally controversial red card shown to centre back Marco Materazzi. In a dull 0–0 match, Switzerland failed to convert any of their three penalties in the penalty shootout against Ukraine to see them exit the competition with an unwanted new record in becoming the first team to fail to convert any penalties in a shootout. Their elimination also meant that they became the first nation to be eliminated from the World Cup without conceding any goals (and, moreover, the only nation to participate in a World Cup finals tournament without conceding a goal).

England struggled past Ecuador thanks to a David Beckham free kick, and won 1 - 0. Brazil won 3 - 0 against Ghana, in a game which included Ronaldo's record 15th World Cup goal. Der Spiegel reported that the match was influenced by an Asian betting syndicate.[19] Portugal defeated the Netherlands 1 - 0 in one of the ugliest games in World Cup history. The only goal came courtesy of a Maniche strike in an acrimonious match, which marked a new World Cup record with 16 yellow cards and 4 players being sent off for a second bookable offense. France came from behind to defeat the highly favored Spain 3 - 1 thanks to goals from Franck Ribéry, Patrick Vieira, and Zinedine Zidane.

----------------------------

Quarter-finals

Germany and Argentina played an entertaining, yet somewhat cautious match, which ended 1 - 1 after extra time; the hosts edged out the Argentinians 4 - 2 on penalties to go through to the semifinals. Another ugly and controversial match came in Gelsenkirchen, when England faced Portugal. In a match which saw Wayne Rooney being sent off, Portugal won the penalty shootout 3 - 1 after a 0 - 0 draw to reach their first World Cup semi-final since the days of Eusébio 40 years earlier, and ensure manager Luiz Felipe Scolari's third consecutive tournament quarter-final win over Sven-Goran Eriksson's England.

Italy comfortably defeated quarter-final debutants Ukraine 3 - 0. France eliminated Brazil 1 - 0 to advance into the semi-finals in a repeat of the 1998 final. Despite the score, Brazil only managed one shot on goal, while Zinedine Zidane's dribbling earned him Man of the Match and his free-kick to Thierry Henry resulted in the winning goal.

--------

----

Semi-finals

With Argentina and Brazil eliminated in the quarter-finals, an all-European semi-final line up was completed for only the fourth time (after the 1934, 1966 and 1982 tournaments).

The semifinal between Germany and Italy produced an entertaining extra time period that went scoreless until the 118th minute, when Italy scored twice through Fabio Grosso and Alessandro Del Piero, putting an end to Germany's undefeated record in Dortmund, and continued their dominace over Die Nationalelf.

In the second semifinal, Portugal lost to France 1–0 in Munich. The Portuguese faced a hostile crowd of English and French fans; as Cristiano Ronaldo was accused of unsportsmanlike behavior. In a repeat of the semi-finals of Euro 2000, Portugal was narrowly defeated by France, with the decisive goal being a penalty scored by France captain Zinedine Zidane.

----

Third place play-off

The match began rather slowly, with each side cautiously trying to find each other's weak spots. The excitement began in the second half when the hosts got three goals in 20 minutes with the help of 21-year-old left midfielder Bastian Schweinsteiger. His first goal beat the Portuguese goalkeeper Ricardo with pace over his head. Only 4 minutes later, Schweinsteiger's free kick 30 meters from the left of the penalty box, driven low across goal, was connected with Petit's knee to become an own goal for Portugal. The German did not stop, and netted his second goal, which swerved away to the keeper's left, on the 78th minute.

Portugal were strong in possession but lacked punch in attack; unable to convert 57% possession into goals. Pauleta had two clear chances from 15 meters, but both times hit tame shots that did not trouble keeper Oliver Kahn, who was playing in his last match for the German national team. Portugal, however, were to get a consolation goal with the help of substitute Luís Figo, who almost immediately provided the precise distribution needed to unlock the German defence. A cross from the right wing on 88 minutes found fellow substitute Nuno Gomes at the far post, who dived in for the goal. Portugal did not manage to score more in the remaining few minutes, and the game ended 3–1, a result which gave the tournament hosts the bronze medals and left Portugal in fourth place.

Final

See main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Final.

The final started with each side scoring within the first 20 minutes. Zinedine Zidane opened the scoring by converting a controversial seventh-minute penalty kick,[20] which glanced off the underside of the crossbar and into the goal. Marco Materazzi then levelled the scores in the 19th minute following an Andrea Pirlo corner. Both teams had chances to score the winning goal in normal time: Luca Toni hit the crossbar in the 35th minute for Italy (he later had a header disallowed for offside), while France were not awarded a possible second penalty in the 53rd minute when Florent Malouda went down in the box after a tackle from Gianluca Zambrotta. They were unable to capitalise, however, and the score remained at one goal each.

At the end of the regulation 90 minutes, the score was still level at 1–1, and the match was forced into extra time. Italian goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon made a potentially game-saving save in extra time when he tipped a Zidane header over the crossbar. Further controversy ensued near the end of extra time, when Zidane head-butted Materazzi in the chest in an off-the-ball incident and was sent off. Extra time produced no further goals and a penalty shootout followed, which Italy won 5–3. France's David Trezeguet, the man who scored the Golden Goal against Italy in Euro 2000, was the only player not to score his penalty; his spot kick hit the crossbar, landed on the goal line and went out. It was the first all-European final since Italy's triumph over West Germany in the 1982 World Cup, and the second final, after 1994, to be decided on penalties. It was also Italy's first world title in 24 years, and their fourth overall, making them the second most successful World Cup team ever. The victory also helped Italy top the FIFA World Rankings in February 2007 for the first time since November 1993.

Awards

FIFA's Technical Study Group (TSG) also granted a Man of the Match award to one player in each match. Italy's Andrea Pirlo won the most Man of the Match awards, with three in total. Miroslav Klose, Agustin Delgado, Arjen Robben, Zé Roberto, Alexander Frei, Michael Ballack, and Patrick Vieira each received two awards.

All star team

The all star team is a squad consisting of the 23 most impressive players at the 2006 World Cup, as selected by FIFA's Technical Study Group. The team was chosen from a shortlist of over 50 players, and was selected based on performances from the second round onwards.[21]

Scorers

Miroslav Klose received the adidas Golden Shoe award for scoring five goals in the World Cup. This was the lowest number of goals scored by a tournament's top goalscorer since six players tied on four goals each in 1962. In total, 147 goals were scored (four of which were own goals).

5 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

See also

External links

Official sites

Other sites

Notes and References

  1. Web site: World Cup and Television. 6 June 2007. 2006. PDF. FIFA.
  2. Web site: The FIFA World Cup TV viewing figures. 31 October 2007. PDF. FIFA.
  3. News: FIFA acknowledges Brazil’s withdrawal from 2006 World Cup race. FIFA.com. 4 July 2000. 29 March 2008.
  4. News: FIFA World Cup 2006 : Results of First Two Rounds of Voting. FIFA.com. 6 July 2000. 29 March 2008.
  5. News: Call for World Cup re-vote. BBC Sport. 7 July 2000. 25 June 2007.
  6. News: Legal threat over World Cup prank. BBC News. 8 July 2000. 25 June 2007.
  7. News: S. Africa Confident of Blatter's Support to Host 2006 World Cup. People's Daily Online. 19 January 2000. 25 June 2007.
  8. News: Voting procedure for 2006 FIFA World Cup decision. FIFA.com. 5 July 2000. 29 March 2008.
  9. News: Record number of 204 teams enter preliminary competition. 3 March 2007. 29 March 2008. FIFA.
  10. News: Stadiums renamed for Fifa sponsors. BBC. 6 June 2006. 29 March 2008.
  11. News: Deadline for submitting list of 23 players remains 15 May 2006. FIFA.com. 16 March 2006. 28 March 2008.
  12. News: FIFA Organising Committee approves team classifications and final draw procedure. FIFA.com. 6 December 2005. 29 March 2008.
  13. News: Paul. Wilson. An easy group? Draw your own conclusions. The Observer. 11 December 2005. 26 June 2006.
  14. Web site: Group C Tactics Board. Palmer. Kevin. ESPNsoccernet. 24 May 2006. 26 June 2006.
  15. Web site: FIFA changes World Cup tie-breaking rules. O'Dea. Joseph. 18 May 2006. 29 June 2006.
  16. News: South African to learn lessons from Germany. The 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany. 9 July 2006. 27 July 2006.
  17. News: World Cup quarterfinals. Zeigler. Mark. Union Tribune. 30 June 2006. 31 March 2008.
  18. News: Who's to blame for Cup card frenzy?. BBC Sport. 26 June 2006. 23 July 2006.
  19. http://www.news24.com/News24/Sport/Soccer/0%2C%2C2-9-840_2385335%2C00.html 2006 WC match fixed - report
  20. News: Italy wins World Cup. CBC Sports. 9 July 2006. 5 October 2006.
  21. News: Associated Press. France, Italy dominate World Cup all-star squad. CBC. 7 July 2006. 11 August 2006.