1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar).
Events of 1992
- April 2 - In New York, Mafia boss John Gotti is convicted of the murder of mob boss Paul Castellano and of racketeering, and is later sentenced to life in prison.
- April 5 - The Assembly of Bosnia and Herzegovina (without the presence of Serb political delegates) proclaims independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
- April 9 - A Miami, Florida jury convicts former Panamanian ruler Manuel Noriega of assisting Colombia's cocaine cartel.
- April 9 - United Kingdom general election, 1992: the Conservative Party, led by John Major, is re-elected.
- April 10 - A Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb explodes in the Baltic Exchange in the City of London; 3 are killed, 91 injured.
- April 12 - Disneyland Paris officially opens under the name "EuroDisney".
- April 13 - The Great Chicago Flood occurs.
- April 13 - Roermond, the Netherlands, is rocked by an earthquake along the Peel Fault.
- April 15 - The National Assembly of Vietnam adopts the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
- April 20 - Seville, Spain's 6-month Universal Exhibition, called Seville Expo '92, opens.
- April 20 - The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert, held at Wembley Stadium, is televised live to over 1 billion people and raises millions of dollars for AIDS research.
- April 21 - The death of Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich of Russia results in a succession dispute between Nicholas Romanov, Prince of Russia and Vladimir's daughter Maria for the leadership of the Imperial Family of Russia.
- April 22 - Fuel that has leaked into a explodes in Guadalajara, Mexico; 215 are killed, 1,500 injured.
- April 27 - Betty Boothroyd becomes the first woman elected Speaker of the British House of Commons.
- April 28 - The two remaining constituent republics of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia - Serbia and Montenegro - form a new state, named the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (after 2003, Serbia and Montenegro), bringing to an end the official union of Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, Montenegrins, Bosnian Muslims and Macedonians that existed from 1918 (with the exception of the period during World War II).
- April 29 - In Simi Valley, California, a jury acquits four LAPD police officers accused of excessive force in the videotaped beating of black motorist Rodney King, causing the 1992 Los Angeles riots and leading to 53 deaths and $1 billion in damage.
- May 1 - Eric Houston of Yuba County kills 4, injures 9, and holds many others hostage at Lindhurst High School, Olivehurst, California.
- May 5 - Alabama ratifies a 202-year-old proposed amendment to the United States Constitution making the 27th Amendment law. This amendment bars the U.S. Congress from giving itself a midterm or retroactive pay raise.
- May 5 - Russian leaders in Crimea declare their separation from Ukraine as a new republic. They withdraw the secession on May 10.
- May 10 - Sweden wins the Ice Hockey World Championships in Prague.
- May 13 - Falun Gong is introduced by Li Hongzhi in China.
- May 15 - The Genoa Expo '92 World's Fair opens in Genoa, Italy.
- May 16 - STS-49: Space Shuttle Endeavour lands safely after a successful maiden voyage.
- May 19 - In Massapequa, New York, Amy Fisher shoots Mary Jo Buttafuoco.
- May 19 - In San Francisco, U.S. Vice President Dan Quayle gives his famous Murphy Brown speech.
- May 23 - A Mafia bomb kills Italian anti-Mafia judge Giovanni Falcone.
- May 25 - Jay Leno becomes the new host of NBC's Tonight Show, following the retirement of Johnny Carson.
- May 25 - In Australia, Lindy Chamberlain receives compensation for wrongful conviction on murder charges.
- May 26 - Charles Geschke, President of Adobe Systems, is kidnapped from his company parking lot. The kidnappers demand $650,000 ransom; they are later apprehended.
- June 1 - Kentucky celebrates its bicentennial statehood.
- June 1 - Venezuelan revolutionary Carlos (the Jackal) is sentenced to life imprisonment.
- June 3 - Four nuclear missiles are launched into the Pacific Ocean.
- June 8 - The first World Ocean Day is celebrated, coinciding with the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- June 15 - During a spelling bee at a Trenton, New Jersey elementary school, U.S. Vice President Dan Quayle erroneously corrects a student's spelling of the word potato, indicating it should have an e at the end.
- June 17 - A 'Joint Understanding' agreement on arms reduction is signed by U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin (this is later codified in START II).
- June 20 - In Estonia, the kroon replaces the Soviet ruble.
- June 22 - Two skeletons excavated in Yekaterinburg are identified as Czar Nicholas II of Russia and Tsarina Alexandra.
- June 23 - Mafia boss John Gotti is sentenced to life in prison, after being found guilty of conspiracy to commit murder and racketeering on April 2.
- June 26 - Denmark beats Germany 2-0 to win the 1992 UEFA European Football Championship at Ullevi Stadium in Gothenburg, Sweden.
- June 28 - A magnitude 7.3 earthquake strikes Landers, California, followed by a magnitude 6.4 aftershock 8 km south-east of Big Bear Lake, California.
- June 28 - Estonia holds a referendum on its constitution.
- June 29 - A bodyguard assassinates President Mohamed Boudiaf of Algeria.
- June 30 - Retired general and Defense Secretary Fidel V. Ramos is sworn in as the 12th President of the Philippines, having won elections held the previous month.
- October 1 - Pittsburgh International Airport's new facility opens in Findlay Township, near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The new terminal is built as an expansion for USAir and an upgrade from the older Pittsburgh International Airport facility.
- October 2 - A riot breaks out in the Carandiru Penitentiary in São Paulo, Brazil, resulting in the Carandiru Massacre.
- October 3 - After performing a song protesting alleged child abuse by the Catholic Church, Sinéad O'Connor rips up a photo of Pope John Paul II on Saturday Night Live, causing huge controversy, leading the switchboards at NBC to ring off the hook.
- October 4 - The Bijlmerramp disaster: An Israeli plane crashes in Amsterdam, the Netherlands; 43 are killed, many more injured.
- October 6 - Lennart Meri becomes the first president of newly independent Estonia.
- October 9 - A 13-kilogram (29-pound) meteorite lands in the driveway of the Knapp residence in Peekskill, New York, destroying the family's car. It becomes known as the Peekskill Meteorite.
- October 9 - The Chief of Naval Operations adopts the US Navy's core values: Honor, Courage and Commitment.
- October 12 - In the Dominican Republic, Pope John Paul II celebrates the 500th anniversary of the meeting of 2 cultures.
- October 15 - In Russia, Andrei Chikatilo is found guilty of 52 murders.
- October 17 - Yoshihiro Hattori, a 16-year-old Japanese exchange student, mistakes the address of a party and is shot dead after knocking on the wrong door in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The shooter, Rodney Peairs, is later acquitted, sparking outrage in Japan.
- October 24 - The Toronto Blue Jays win the World Series in 6 games, becoming the first Canadian team to win.
- October 25 - Lithuania holds a referendum on its first constitution after declaring independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
- October 26 - In Canada, the Charlottetown Accord is defeated in a national referendum.
- October 29 - The Food and Drug Administration approves Depo-Provera for use as a contraceptive in the United States.
- October 31 - Pope John Paul II issues an apology, and lifts the edict of the Inquisition against Galileo Galilei.
- November 3 - U.S. presidential election, 1992: Bill Clinton defeats incumbent U.S. President George H. W. Bush and businessman H. Ross Perot.
- November 11 - The Church of England votes to allow women to become priests.
- November 20 - In England, a fire breaks out in Windsor Castle, causing over £50 million worth of damage.
- November 24 - In the People's Republic of China, a China Southern Airlines domestic flight crashes, killing all 141 people on-board.
- November 24 - Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom describes this year as an Annus Horribilis (horrible year), due to various scandals damaging the image of the Royal Family, as well as the Windsor Castle fire.
- November 25 - The Czechoslovakia Federal Assembly votes to split the country into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, starting on January 1, 1993.
- November 30 - The trial of 14 South Vietnamese accused of murdering 24 North Vietnamese begins in Hong Kong (ends November 29, 1994).
- December 3 - UN Security Council Resolution 794 is unanimously passed, approving a coalition of United Nations peacekeepers led by the United States to form UNITAF, tasked with ensuring humanitarian aid gets distributed and establishing peace in Somalia.
- December 3 - The Greek oil tanker Aegean Sea, carrying 80,000 tonnes of crude oil, runs aground in a storm while on approach to La Coruña, Spain, and spills much of its cargo.
- December 4 - U.S. military forces land in Somalia.
- December 5 - Kent Conrad of North Dakota resigns his seat in the United States Senate and is sworn into the other seat from North Dakota, becoming the only U.S. Senator ever to have held 2 seats on the same day.
- December 6 - Hindu extremists demolish the Babri Masjid (a 16th century mosque) in Ayodhya, India.
- December 8 - The last blast is fired at the Falu Copper Mine in Falun, Sweden, after a millennium of continuous operation.
- December 12 - An earthquake hits Flores, Indonesia, leaving 2,500 dead.
- December 15 - Legendary hip hop producer and rapper Dr. Dre releases his groundbreaking solo debut studio album The Chronic, which sparked the beginning of the mainstream popularity and success of Gangsta Rap, G-Funk, and West Coast Hip-Hop in the United States (a run that lasted from the early to mid-1990s). The Chronic is considered by many to be the most well-produced Hip-Hop album of all time. Rolling Stone ranked it at #137 on their list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.
- December 20 - The Folies Bergère music hall in Paris, France closes.
- December 21 - A Dutch DC-10, flight Martinair MP 495, crashes at Faro Airport (Portugal), killing 56 people.
- December 29 - Brazil's president Fernando Collor de Mello is found guilty on charges that he stole more than $32 million from the government, preventing him from holding any elected office for 8 years.
The following are references to year 1992 in fiction:
- Set in September 1992: (2004).
For more 1992 births, see:
- January 1 - Jack Wilshere, English footballer
- January 19 - Logan Lerman, American actor
- January 19 - Shawn Johnson, American Olympic gymnast
- January 21 - Logan O'Brien, American actor
- January 27 - Connor Widdows, Canadian actor
- January 30 - Matthew Werkmeister, Australian actor
- February 7 - Maimi Yajima, Japanese singer
- February 11 - Taylor Lautner, American actor
- February 11 - Georgia Groome, British actress
- February 14 - Freddie Highmore, British actor
- February 16 - Danielle Catanzariti, Australian actress
- February 16 - Steffani Brass, American actress
- February 17 - Meaghan Jette Martin American actress and singer
- March 4 - Jazmin Grace Grimaldi, daughter of Albert II, Prince of Monaco
- March 6 - Momoko Tsugunaga, Japanese singer
- March 8 - Charlie Ray, American actress
- March 9 - Luis Armand Garcia, American actor
- March 10 - Emily Osment, American actress and singer
- March 14 - Kylie Tyndall, American actress
- March 14 - Keaton Tyndall, American actress
- March 26 - Haley Ramm, American actress
- April 4 - Alexa Nikolas, American actress
- April 15 - Amy Diamond, Swedish pop singer
- April 15 - Richard Sandrak, Ukrainian bodybuilder
- April 16 - Prince Sébastien of Luxembourg, Prince of Luxembourg
- April 25 - Kyōsuke Ikeda, Japanese voice actor
- May 3 - Melissa Wu, Australian Diver
- May 4 - Courtney Jines, American actress
- May 12 - Malcolm David Kelley, American actor
- May 18 - Spencer Breslin, American actor
- May 22 - Chinami Tokunaga, Japanese singer
- May 30 - Liam Mower, British stage actor
- June 4 - Dino Jelusić, Croatian singer
- June 12 - Allie DiMeco, American actress
- June 14 - Daryl Sabara, American voice actor
- June 14 - Evan Sabara, American actor
- June 17 - James Martin, British actor
- June 26 - Jennette McCurdy, American actress
- June 29 - Adam G. Sevani, Armenian-American actor and dancer
- June 30 - Lynx and Lamb Gaede, twin American Neo-Nazi musicians
- July 3 - Maasa Sudo, Japanese singer
- July 7 - Nathalia Ramos, Spanish actress
- July 8 - Benjamin Grosvenor, Pianist
- July 12 - Eoghan Quigg, Irish singer
- July 13 - Dylan Patton, American actor and model
- July 20 - Paige Hurd, American actress
- July 15 - Koharu Kusumi, Japanese singer
- July 22 - Selena Gomez, American actress and singer
- August 4 - Cole & Dylan Sprouse, twin American actors
- August 4 - Tiffany Evans, American singer and actress
- August 10 - Ko Ah-seong, South Korean actress
- August 18 - Frances Bean Cobain, daughter of Kurt Cobain and Courtney Love
- August 20 - Demi Lovato, American actress,singer
- August 21 - Brad Kavanagh, British actor,singer and songwriter
- August 25 - Miyabi Natsuyaki, Japanese singer
- August 28 - Zhao Guo Rong, Taiwanese singer
- September 16 - Nicholas Jonas, American singer/songwriter and actor
- September 28 - Skye McCole Bartusiak, American actress
- October 1 - Gauri Shankar, Indian chess prodigy
- October 9 - Tyler James Williams, American actor
- October 12 - Taylor Horn, American singer and actress
- October 15 - Vincent Martella, American actor and singer
- October 20 - Ksenia Semenova, Russian Olympic gymnast.
- October 22 - Sofia Vassilieva, American actress
- October 30 - Tequan Richmond, American actor
- November 11 - Trey Smith, American actor
- November 12 - Shelbie Bruce, American actress
- November 18 - Nathan Kress, American actor
- November 23 - Miley Cyrus, American actress and singer
- November 27 - Tola Szlagowska, Polish singer
- November 28 - Kianna Underwood, American actress
- November 30 - Dylan Smith, American actor
- December 3 - Joseph McManners, British stage actor
- December 17 - Thomas Law, British actor
- December 23 - Spencer Daniels, American actor
- December 24 - Melissa Suffield, British Actress
- January 1 - Grace Hopper, American computer scientist (b. 1906)
- January 3 - Dame Judith Anderson, Australian actress (b. 1897)
- January 7 - Richard Hunt, Muppet performer (b. 1951)
- January 9 - Bill Naughton, British playwright (b. 1910)
- January 17 - Frank Pullen, English business person and racehorse owner (b. 1915)
- January 18 - Aleksandr Almetov, Olympic ice-hockey player for the USSR (b. 1940)
- January 23 - Freddie Bartholomew, Irish actor (b. 1924)
- January 26 - José Ferrer, Puerto Rican actor (b. 1912)
- January 27 - Sally Mugabe (nee Hayfron), Wife of Robert Mugabe and first lady of Zimbabwe (b. 1933)
- January 29 - Willie Dixon, American composer and musician (b. 1915)
- February 2 - Bert Parks, American game show host (b. 1914)
- February 4 - Lisa Fonssagrives, Swedish model (b. 1911)
- February 10 - Alex Haley, American author (b. 1921)
- February 12 - Bep van Klaveren, Dutch boxer (b. 1907)
- February 20 - Dick York, American actor (b. 1928)
- February 29 - La Lupe, Cuban singer (b. 1936)
- March 2 - Sandy Dennis, American actress (b. 1937)
- March 4 - Art Babbitt, animator (Mr. Magoo, Goofy) (b. 1907)
- March 9 - Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1913)
- March 20 - Georges Delerue, French Composer, Academy Awards winner (b. 1925)
- March 21 - Natalie Sleeth, American composer (b. 1930)
- March 23 - Friedrich Hayek, Austrian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
- March 29 - Paul Henreid, Austrian-born actor (b. 1908)
- March 30 - Manolis Andronikos, Greek archaeologist (b. 1919)
- April 5 - Suada Dilberović, Bosnian medical student. First casualty of the Siege of Sarajevo (b. 1968)
- April 5 - Molly Picon, American actress (b. 1898)
- April 5 - Sam Walton, founder of Wal-Mart (b. 1918)
- April 6 - Isaac Asimov, Russian-born author (b. 1920)
- April 7 - Ace Bailey, Canadian hockey player (b. 1903)
- April 8 - Daniel Bovet, Swiss-born pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1907)
- April 10 - Sam Kinison, American comedian (b. 1953)
- April 11 - Alejandro Obregón, Colombian painter (b. 1920)
- April 19 - Benny Hill, British comedian and actor (b. 1924)
- April 21 - Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovitch of Russia (b. 1917)
- April 23 - Satyajit Ray, Indian filmmaker (b. 1921)
- April 25 - Yutaka Ozaki, Japanese songwriter (b. 1965)
- April 27 - Olivier Messiaen, French composer (b. 1908)
- April 28 - Francis Bacon, Irish-born painter (b. 1909)
- May 4 - Gregor Mackenzie, Labour Party (UK) politician (b. 1927)
- May 6 - Marlene Dietrich, German actress (b. 1901)
- May 12 - Robert Reed, American actor (b. 1932)
- May 13 - F. E. McWilliam, Northern Irish sculptor (b. 1909)
- May 14 - Nie Rongzhen, Chinese Communist military leader (b. 1899)
- May 17 - Lawrence Welk, American musician (b. 1903)
- May 21 - T. B. Ilangaratne, Sri Lankan author, dramatist, actor and politician (b. 1913)
- May 22 - Tony Accardo, American gangster (b. 1906)
- May 23 - Giovanni Falcone, Italian judge (b. 1939)
- June 3 - Robert Morley, English actor (b. 1908)
- June 4 - Carl Stotz, Founder of Little League Baseball (b. 1910)
- June 18 - Mordecai Ardon, Israeli painter (b. 1896)
- June 18 - Peter Allen, Australian singer, songwriter (b. 1944)
- June 22 - Chuck Mitchell, American actor (b. 1927)
- June 25 - Jerome Brown, American football player (b. 1965)
- June 26 - Buddy Rogers, American wrestler (b. 1921)
- July 13 - Albert Pierrepoint, British Chief Executioner (b. 1905)
- July 15 - Hammer DeRoburt, first President of Nauru (b. 1922)
- July 22 - John Meyendorff, Orthodox scholar, protopresbiter, and teacher (b. 1926)
- July 23 - Rosemary Sutcliff, British author (b. 1920)
- July 27 - Anthony Salerno, member of the U.S. La Cosa Nostra and a leader in the Genovese Family (b.1911)
- July 31 - Leonard Cheshire, English war hero and philanthropist (b. 1917)
- August 4 - Seichō Matsumoto, Japanese writer and journalist (b. 1909)
- August 9 - Fereydoun Farrokhzad, Iranian Entertainer (b. 1936)
- August 5 - Jeff Porcaro, American musician (b. 1954)
- August 12 - John Cage, American composer (b. 1912)
- August 16 - Mark Heard, American singer (b. 1951)
- August 18 - John Sturges, American director, The Great Escape, The Magnificent Seven (b. 1911)
- August 29 - Teddy Turner, comedian (b. 1917)
- September 2 - Barbara McClintock, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1902)
- September 12 - Anthony Perkins, American actor, most noted for his portrayal of Norman Bates in Alfred Hitchcock's 1960 film Psycho (b. 1932)
- October 5 - Eddie Kendricks, American singer (The Temptations) (b. 1939)
- October 6 - Denholm Elliott, English actor (b. 1922)
- October 7 - Tevfik Esenç, last known speaker of Ubykh (b. 1904)
- October 8 - Willy Brandt, Chancellor of Germany, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1913)
- October 17 - Yoshihiro Hattori, Japanese exchange student (b. 1975)
- October 17 - Herman Johannes, Indonesian professor, scientist and politician (b. 1912)
- October 19 - Arthur Wint, Jamaican runner (b. 1920)
- October 22 - Cleavon Little, American actor (b. 1939)
- October 25 - Roger Miller, American singer (b. 1936)
- October 27 - David Bohm, American-born physicist, philosopher, and neuropsychologist (b. 1917)
- November 2 - Hal Roach, American director and producer (b. 1892)
- November 4 - George Klein, Canadian inventor (b. 1904)
- November 5 - Malice Green, black motorist in Detroit, Michigan who died in the custody of white police officers
- November 7 - Alexander Dubček, Slovakian politician (b. 1921)
- November 22 - Sterling Holloway, American actor (b. 1905)
- December 6 - Mimi Smith, maternal aunt and guardian of John Lennon (b. 1914)
- December 12 - Suzanne Lilar, Belgian essayist, novelist and playwright (b. 1901)
- December 13 - Ricky Ray, one of the Ray brothers, a hemophiliac teenager diagnosed with HIV (b. 1977)
- December 18 - Mark Goodson, American game show producer (b. 1915)
- December 21 - Stella Adler, American acting teacher (b. 1901)
- December 21 - Nathan Milstein, Ukrainian-born violinist (b. 1903)
- December 21 - Albert King, American musician (b. 1923)
- December 22 - Frederick William Franz, a member of the Governing Body of Jehovah's Witnesses and 4th President of Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society (b. 1893)
- December 22 - Lord Ted Willis, British television dramatist and author (b. 1914)
- December 23 - Eddie Hazel, American Guitarist (b. 1960)
- December 25 - Ted Croker, English former football official (b. 1924)
- December 25 - Monica Dickens, English author (b. 1915)
Notes and References