For other uses see 1985 (disambiguation).
1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar).The year 1985 was declared International Youth Year by the United Nations.
Events of 1985
- March 4 - The Food and Drug Administration approves a blood test for AIDS, used since then to screen all blood donations in the United States.
- March 6 - Mike Tyson makes his professional debut in Albany, New York, a match which he wins by a first round knockout.
- March 8 - A car bomb planted in Beirut by CIA mercenaries attempts to kill Islamic cleric Sayyed Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah and kills more than 80 people, injuring 200.
- March 11 - Mikhail Gorbachev becomes General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party and de facto leader of the Soviet Union.
- March 11 - Mohammed Al Fayed buys the London-based department store company Harrods.
- March 14 - Five lionesses at the Singapore Zoo are put on birth control after the lion population increases from 2 to 16.
- March 15 - Vice-President Jose Sarney takes the oath as the first civilian president of Brazil in 21 years, as the elected president Tancredo Neves had become severely ill on the day before.
- March 16 - Associated Press newsman Terry Anderson is taken hostage in Beirut (he is eventually released on December 4, 1991).
- March 17 - Expo '85, a World's Fair, is held in Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan, until September 16.
- March 21 - Canadian parapalegic athlete and activist Rick Hansen sets out on his 40,000 km, 26 month Man in Motion tour which raises $26M for spinal cord research and quality of life initiatives.
- March 24 - Norwich City wins the English League Cup at Wembley Stadium, beating Sunderland 1-0 in the final.
- March 25 - The 57th Academy Awards are held at in Los Angeles, California with Amadeus winning Best Picture.
- March 31 - WrestleMania debuts at Madison Square Garden.
- May 4 - The 30th Eurovision Song Contest takes place in Gothenburg, Sweden.
- May 5 - U.S. President Ronald Reagan joins German Chancellor Helmut Kohl for a controversial funeral service at a cemetery in Bitburg, Germany, which includes the graves of 59 elite S.S. troops from World War II.
- May 11 - The FBI brings charges against the suspected heads of the 5 Mafia families in New York City.
- May 11 - Fire engulfs a wooden stand in the Valley Parade stadium in Bradford, England during a football match, killing 56.
- May 13 - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Mayor Wilson Goode orders police to storm the radical group MOVE's headquarters to end a stand-off. The police drop an explosive device into the headquarters, killing 11 MOVE members and destroying the homes of 61 city residents in the resulting fire.
- May 15 - An explosive device sent by the Unabomber injures John Hauser at UC Berkeley.
- May 23 - Thomas Patrick Cavanaugh is sentenced to life in prison for attempting to sell stealth bomber secrets to the Soviet Union.
- May 25 - Bangladesh is hit by a tropical cyclone and storm surge, which kills approximately 10,000 people.
- May 29 - Heysel Disaster: 38 spectators are killed in rioting on the terraces during the European Cup final between Liverpool F.C. and Juventus at Heysel Stadium in Brussels, Belgium.
- May 31 - Forty-one tornadoes hit in Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York and Ontario, killing 76.
- June 13 - In Auburn, Washington, police defuse a Unabomber bomb sent to Boeing.
- June 14 - TWA Flight 847, carrying 153 passengers from Athens to Rome, is hijacked by a Hezbollah fringe group. One passenger, U.S. Navy Petty Officer Robert Stethem, is killed.
- June 17 - John Hendricks launches the Discovery Channel in the United States.
- June 23 - Air India Flight 182, a Boeing 747, blows up 31,000 feet (9,500 m) above the Atlantic Ocean, south of Ireland, killing all 329 aboard.
- June 24 - STS-51-G: Space Shuttle Discovery completes its mission, best remembered for having Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, the first Arab and first Muslim in space, as a Payload Specialist.
- June 25 - Irish police foil a Provisional Irish Republican Army-sponsored 'mainland bombing campaign' which targeted luxury vacationing resorts, arresting 13 suspects.
- June 26 - The Walt Disney World Resort Monorail Gold catches fire on the EPCOT beam around 9:00 p.m., due to friction from a flat tire.
- June 27 - U.S. Route 66 is officially decommissioned.
- August 2 - Delta Air Lines Flight 191 crashes near Dallas, Texas, killing 137 people.
- August 4 - Major League Baseball player Rod Carew of the Anaheim Angels becomes the 16th player to achieve 3,000 hits in a career.
- August 6 - In Hiroshima, tens of thousands mark the 40th anniversary of the atomic bombing of the city.
- August 7 - Takao Doi, Mamoru Mohri and Chiaki Mukai are chosen to be Japan's first astronauts.
- August 12 - Japan Airlines Flight 123 crashes in Japan, killing 520 people (the worst single-aircraft disaster in history).
- August 31 - Knorr, Robert Ballard, Jean-Louis Michel, and crew, find the wreck of R.M.S. Titanic.
- September 1 - A joint American-French expedition locates the wreck of the RMS Titanic.
- September 5 - John Howard replaces Andrew Peacock as Australian Federal Opposition Leader.
- September 6 - Midwest Express Airlines Flight 105, a Douglas DC-9, crashes just after takeoff from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, killing 31.
- September 19 - An 8.1 Richter scale earthquake strikes Mexico City. More than 9,000 people are killed, 30,000 injured, and 95,000 left homeless.
- September 22 - The Plaza Accord is signed by 5 nations.
- September 28 - The 1985 Brixton race riots are sparked with the shooting of Dorothy 'Cherry' Groce by the Metropolitan Police in Brixton, an area of South London, England.
- November 5 - Mark Kaylor defeats Errol Christie to become the middleweight boxing champion, after the two brawl in front of the cameras at the weigh-in.
- November 13 - Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupts, killing an estimated 23,000 people, including 21,000 killed by lahars in the town of Armero, Colombia.
- November 15 - In separate events, mail bombs kill 2 people in Salt Lake City, Utah; a third bomb explodes the next day, injuring career counterfeiter Mark Hoffman. The ensuing police investigation leads to the arrest of Hoffman for the 2 murders.
- November 18 - The comic strip Calvin and Hobbes debuts in 35 newspapers.
- November 19 - Cold War: In Geneva, U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for the first time.
- November 20 - Microsoft Corporation releases the first version of Windows, Windows 1.0.
- November 23 - EgyptAir Flight 648 is hijacked by the Abu Nidal group and flown to Malta, where Egyptian commandos storm the plane; 60 are killed by gunfire and explosions.
- November 26 - U.S. President Ronald Reagan sells the rights to his autobiography to Random House for a record US$3 million.
- November 29 - Gerard Hoarau, exiled political leader from the Seychelles, is assassinated in London.
- November 29 - The SM City North EDSA shopping mall is the country's first SM Supermall owned by Henry Sy.
- December 1 - The Ford Taurus and Mercury Sable are released for sale to the public.
- December 12 - Arrow Air Flight 1285, a Douglas DC-8, crashes after takeoff in Gander, Newfoundland, killing 256, 248 of whom were U.S. servicemen returning to Fort Campbell, Kentucky from overseeing a peacekeeping force in Sinai.
- December 16 - In New York City, Mafia bosses Paul Castellano and Thomas Bilotti are shot dead in front of Spark's Steak House, making hit organizer John Gotti the leader of the powerful Gambino organized crime family. During the shootout Andrew Bearse is born in the middle of the street, when his mother is hit by a stray bullet which forces her into early labor. He survives and currently resides in Detroit, Michigan.
- December 24 - Right wing extremist David Lewis Rice murders civil rights attorney Charles Goldmark as well as Goldmark's wife and 2 children in Seattle. Rice suspected the family of being Jewish and Communist and claimed his dedication to the Christian Identity movement drove him to the crime.
- December 27 - Rome and Vienna airport attacks: Abu Nidal terrorists open fire in the airports of Rome and Vienna, leaving 18 dead and 120 injured.
- December 27 - American naturalist Dian Fossey is found murdered in Rwanda.
- December 31 - The last issue of The Columbus Citizen-Journal is circulated.
The Cold War
The following are references to year 1985 in fiction:
- The Third World War, August 1985 (1978) and (1982) by Sir John Hackett: The Soviet Union invades Western Europe over three weeks in August.
- The graphic novel Watchmen by Alan Moore is set in an alternate 1985.
| Latin America||401,469,000||361,401,000||441,525,000|
| Northern America||269,456,000||256,068,000||283,549,000|
- January 1 - Deivson Rogerio da Silva, Brazilian footballer who plays for Beşiktaş J.K.
- January 1 - Steven Davis, Northern Irish footballer
- January 2 - Heather O'Reilly, US Women's national soccer player
- January 2 - Jennifer Heard, Australian actress
- January 3 - John David Booty, American football quarterback, USC
- January 4 - Al Jefferson, National Basketball Assoiciation player
- January 7 - Lewis Hamilton, British Formula 1 Driver
- January 8 - Rachael Lampa, American singer
- January 11 - Rie fu, Japanese singer and songwriter
- January 16 - Joe Flacco, American football quarterback, Baltimore Ravens
- January 16 - Gintaras Janusevicius, Lithuanian pianist
- January 17 - Simone Simons, Dutch singer
- January 17 - Kang-In, Korean singer, member of Super Junior
- January 19 - Rika Ishikawa, Japanese singer and host of television and radio programs
- January 23 - Doutzen Kroes, Dutch supermodel
- February 1 - Dean Shiels, Northern Irish footballer
- February 2 - Fontel Mines, National Football League tight end
- February 4 - Bug Hall, American actor
- February 5 - Cristiano Ronaldo, Portuguese footballer
- February 5 - Laurence Maroney, National Football League runningback
- February 6 - Joji Kato, Japanese speedskater
- February 7 - Tina Majorino, American actress
- February 9 - David Gallagher, American actor
- February 9 - Rachel Melvin, American actress
- February 10 - Anette Sagen, Norwegian ski jumper
- February 11 - William Beckett, American singer and songwriter (The Academy Is...)
- February 14 - Karima Adebibe, English actress and model
- February 14 - Miki Yeung, actress and singer from Hong Kong
- February 18 - Lee Boyd Malvo, American serial killer
- February 18 - Todd Lasance, Australian actor
- February 19 - Haylie Duff, American actress and singer
- February 20 - Yulia Volkova, Russian singer
- February 22 - Hameur Bouazza, Fulham F.C. footballer
- February 25 - Benji Marshall, Australian NRL player
- February 25 - Joakim Noah, American basketball player
- February 26 - Miki Fujimoto, Japanese singer
- February 28 - FeFe Dobson, Canadian singer
- February 28 - Jelena Janković, Serbian tennis player
- February 28 - Diego Ribas da Cunha Brazilian soccer player
- March 2 - Reggie Bush, American football player
- March 3 - Sam Morrow, Northern Irish footballer
- March 8 - Ewa Sonnet, Polish model
- March 9 - Brent Burns, Canadian hockey player
- March 10 - Lassana Diarra, French footballer
- March 10 - Nathalie Kelley, Australian actress
- March 11 - Paul Bissonnette, Canadian hockey player
- March 11 - Ajantha Mendis, Sri Lankan cricketer
- March 11 - Nikolai Topor-Stanley, Australian soccer player
- March 13 - Emile Hirsch, American actor
- March 14 - Eva Angelina, American pornographic actress
- March 15 - Curtis Davies, English Football Player
- March 15 - Antti Autti, Finnish snowboarder
- March 19 - Ernesto Viso, Venezuelan race car driver
- March 21 - Ryan Callahan, American hockey player
- March 21 - Adrian L. Peterson, American football player
- March 24 - Haruka Ayase, Japanese actress and model
- March 25 - Carmen Rasmusen, American singer
- March 26 - Keira Knightley, English actress
- March 26 - Jonathan Groff, American actor, singer, and dancer
- March 27 - Danny Vukovic, Australian Footballer
- April 3 - Leona Lewis, English singer
- April 9 - Tomohisa Yamashita Japanese singer
- April 10 - Dion Phaneuf NHL hockey player
- April 10 - Wang Meng, Chinese short track skater
- April 12 - Hitomi Yoshizawa, Japanese singer,actor
- April 16 - Benjamin Rojas, Argentine famous singer
- April 17 - Jo-Wilfried Tsonga, French tennis player
- April 18 - Łukasz Fabiański, Polish footballer
- April 26 - Nam Gyu-Ri, Korean singer, member of See Ya
- April 30 - Ashley Alexandra Dupree, Prostitute,R & B Singer songwriter
- May 2 - Sarah Hughes, American figure skater
- May 2- Kyle Busch, American race car driver
- May 2 - Lily Allen, British singer
- May 6 - Chris Paul, American basketball player
- May 9 - Neha Bamb, Indian Actress
- May 12 - Dániel Tőzsér, Hungarian footballer
- May 14 - Sally Martin, New Zealand actress
- May 15 - Derek Hough, American dancer and choreographer
- May 15 - Cristiane, Brazilian footballer
- May 21 - Mutya Buena, British Singer and Songwritter (ex-Sugababes)
- May 22 - Marc-Antoine Pouliot, Canadian ice hockey player
- May 25 - Luciana Abreu, Portuguese singer and actress
- May 27 - Chien-Ming Chiang, Taiwanese baseball player
- May 28 - Colbie Caillat, American acoustic-folk singer-songwriter
- May 30 - Turk McBride, National Football League player
- June 1 - Prince Christian of Hanover, son of Prince Ernst of Hanover
- June 1 - Tirunesh Dibaba, Ethiopian long distance track athlete
- June 4 - Lukas Podolski, German soccer player
- June 4 - Ana Carolina Reston, Brazilian fashion model (d.2006)
- June 7 - Charlie Simpson, English musician (Fightstar)
- June 9 - Sebastian Telfair, American basketball player
- June 10 - Andy Schleck, Luxembuergian road cyclist
- June 12 - Tasha-Ray Evin, Canadian singer/guitarist (Lillix)
- June 12 - Blake Ross, American software developer
- June 12 - Kendra Wilkinson, American model
- June 13 - Danny Syvret, Canadian ice hockey player
- June 15 - Nadine Coyle, Irish singer (Girls Aloud)
- June 17 - Marcos Baghdatis, Cypriot tennis player
- June 19 - Ai Miyazato, Japanese golfer
- June 24 - Yukina Shirakawa, Japanese gravure idol
- June 26 - Urgyen Trinley Dorje, Tibetan Buddhist spiritual leader
- June 27 - Svetlana Kuznetsova, Russian tennis player
- June 27 - Nico Rosberg, German Formula One driver
- June 28 - Phil Bardsley, English footballer
- June 30 - Michael Phelps, American swimmer
- July 2 - Ashley Tisdale, American actress and singer
- July 3 - Minami Keisuke, Japanese singer and actor
- July 5 - Stephanie McIntosh, Australian actress (Neighbours)
- July 5 - Nick O'Malley, British musician (Arctic Monkeys)
- July 9 - Paweł Korzeniowski, Polish swimmer
- July 9 - Cathy Leung, Hong Kong singer
- July 10 - Mario Gomez, German footballer
- July 10 - Park Chu-Young South Korean footballer
- July 12 - Emil Hegle Svendsen, Norwegian biathlete
- July 13- Guillermo Ochoa, Mexican footballer
- July 17 - Tom Fletcher, British musician (McFly)
- July 18 - Chace Crawford, American actor
- July 22 - Takudzwa Ngwenya, American rugby player
- July 23 - Scott Chandler, National Football League tight end
- July 24 - Teagan Presley, American porn star
- July 25 - James Lafferty, American actor and athlete
- July 25 - Nelson Angelo Piquet, Brazilian Formula One driver
- July 28 - Dustin Milligan, Canadian actor
- August 2 - Britt Nicole (Brittany Nicole Waddell), Christian rock artist.
- August 3 - Sonny Bill Williams Rugby League player
- August 5 - Salomon Kalou, Ivory Coast footballer
- August 9 - Hayley Peirsol, American swimmer
- August 14 - Ashlynn Brooke, American pornographic actress
- August 27 - Alexandra Nechita, American artist
- August 29 - Jeffrey Licon, American actor
- September 8 - Denny Morrison, Canadian speed skater
- September 11 - Jake Cole, English footballer
- September 14 - Aya Ueto, Japanese actress
- September 16 - Madeline Zima, American actress
- September 17 - Alexander Ovechkin, Russian hockey player
- September 17 - Jon Walker, American Musician, (Panic at the Disco)
- September 21 - Maryam Hassouni, Dutch actress
- September 23 - Maki Goto, Japanese singer and actress
- September 28 - Shindong, Korean singer, member of Super Junior
- October 5 - Brooke Valentine, American Singer
- October 5 - Nicola Roberts, British singer (Girls Aloud)
- October 7 - Evan Longoria, professional baseball player
- October 8 - Kimberly Kevon Williams, American actress
- October 10 - Dominique Cornu, Belgian professional cyclist
- October 10 -Ricki-Lee Coulter, former Australian Idol contestant and singer
- October 10 -Aaron Himelstein, American actor
- October 11 - Michelle Trachtenberg, American actress
- October 14 - Sherlyn, Mexican actress
- October 14 - Daniel Clark, Canadian actor
- October 18 - Lindsey Kildow, American alpine skier
- October 20 - Jennifer Freeman, American actress
- October 22 - Zac Hanson, American musician
- October 24 - Wayne Rooney, English footballer
- October 25 - Ciara, American singer
- November 3 - Tyler Hansbrough, American basketball player
- November 5 - Kate DeAraugo, Australian Idol 2005
- November 8 - Jack Osbourne, English television personality
- November 10 - Giovonnie Samuels, American actress
- November 11 - Kalan Porter, Canadian singer
- November 11 - Raquel Guerra, Portuguese singer and actress
- November 11 - Robin Uthappa, Indian cricketer
- November 13 - Simo-Pekka Olli, Finnish volleyball player
- November 23 - Ahn Hyun-Soo, South Korean short track skater
- November 27 - Alison Pill, Canadian actress
- November 28 - Ryan Sampson, British actor
- November 30 - Kaley Cuoco, American actress
- December 3 - Amanda Seyfried, American actress
- December 3 - László Cseh, Hungarian swimmer
- December 5 - Frankie Muniz, American actor
- December 6 - Dulce María, Mexican actress
- December 8 - Dwight Howard, American basketball player
- December 10 - Raven-Symoné, American actress and singer
- December 14 - Nonami Takizawa, Japanese actress
- December 14 - Ren Yagami, Japanese singer, model and actor
- December 19 - Christina Loukas, American diver
- December 19 - Lady Sovereign, British rapper
- December 21 - James Stewart Jr., American motorcycle racer
- December 23 - Harry Judd, English drummer (McFly)
- December 23 - Luke O'Loughlin, Australian actor
- December 26 - Yuu Shirota, Japanese actor and singer
- December 31 - Jonathan Horton, American gymnast
- May 4 - Clarence Wiseman, the 10th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1907)
- May 5 - Sir Donald Bailey, British civil engineer (b. 1901)
- May 6 - Julie Vega, Filipino child actress and singer (b. 1968)
- May 8 - Theodore Sturgeon, American writer (b. 1918)
- May 9 - Edmond O'Brien, American actor (b. 1915)
- May 10 - Chester Gould, American cartoonist (b. 1900)
- May 12 - Jean Dubuffet, French artist (b. 1901)
- May 16 - Margaret Hamilton, American actress (b. 1902)
- May 17 - Abe Burrows, American songwriter, composer, and writer (b. 1910)
- May 22 - Wolfgang Reitherman, American animator (b. 1909)
- August 6 - Forbes Burnham, President of Guyana (b. 1923)
- August 12 - Manfred Winkelhock, German race car driver (b. 1951)
- August 12 - Kyu Sakamoto, Japanese singer, well known by his most famous song, "Sukiyaki", killed in the crash of Japan Airlines Flight 123 (b. 1941)
- August 14 - Gale Sondergaard, American actor (b. 1899)
- August 25 - Samantha Smith, American schoolgirl activist (b. 1972)
- August 31 - Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
- September 1 - Stefan Bellof, race car driver and 1984 World SportsCars (Group C) Champion (b. 1957)
- September 6 - Isabel Cox-Meighen, wife of Canadian prime minister Arthur Meighen (b. 1882)
- September 6 - Little Brother Montgomery, American musician
- September 7 - Rodney Robert Porter, English biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1917)
- September 8 - John Franklin Enders, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1887)
- September 9 - Paul Flory, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
- September 11 - William Alwyn, English composer (b. 1905)
- September 14 - Julian Beck American actor (b. 1925)
- September 17 - Laura Ashley, Welsh designer (b. 1925)
- September 19 - Italo Calvino, Italian writer (b. 1923)
- October 1 - E.B. White, American writer (b. 1899)
- October 2 - Rock Hudson, American actor (b. 1925)
- October 2 - George Savalas, American actor, brother of Telly Savalas (b. 1924)
- October 6 - Nelson Riddle, American bandleader (b. 1921)
- October 10 - Yul Brynner, American actor (b. 1920)
- October 10 - Orson Welles, American film director (b. 1915)
- October 12 - Johnny Olson, American game show announcer (b. 1910)
- October 22 - Thomas Townsend Brown, American scientist (b. 1905)
- October 31 - Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor (b. 1913)
Right Livelihood Award
Notes and References
- Book: Gaines, Larry. Miller, LeRoy. Criminal Justice In Action: The Core. 2006. Thomson/Wadsworth. 0-495-00305-0.