For other uses see 1776 (disambiguation).
Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1776
1776 is celebrated by the United States of America as the official beginning of its nationhood. 1776, or MDCCLXXVI, is the number shown at the bottom of the pyramid on the American dollar bill, and on the tablet held by the Statue of Liberty.
- December 5 - The Phi Beta Kappa society is founded at the College of William and Mary.
- December 7 - American Revolution: Marquis de Lafayette attempts to enter the American military as a major general.
- December 21 - American Revolution: The Royal Colony of North Carolina reorganizes into the State of North Carolina after adopting its own constitution. Richard Caswell becomes the first governor of the newly formed state.
- December 23 - American Revolution: Thomas Paine, living with Washington's troops, begins publishing The American Crisis, containing the stirring phrase, "These are the times that try men's souls."
- December 25 - American Revolution: Gen. George Washington orders the first issue of The Crisis read to his troops on Christmas Eve, then at 6 p.m. all 2600 of them march to McKonkey's Ferry, cross the Delaware River and land on the Jersey bank at 3 a.m.
- December 26 - American Revolution: Battle of Trenton: Washington's troops surprise the 1500 Hessian troops under the command of Col. Johann Rall at 8 a.m. outside Trenton and score a victory, taking 948 prisoners while suffering only 5 wounded.
- March 10
- March 24 - John Harrison, English clockmaker (b. 1693)
- March 26 - Samuel Ward, American politician (b. 1725)
- April 29 - Edward Wortley Montagu, English traveler and writer (b. 1713)
- May 4 - Jacques Saly, French sculptor (b. 1717)
- June 10 - Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier (b. 1722)
- June 20 - Benjamin Huntsman, English inventor and manufacturer (b. 1704)
- July 7 - Jeremiah Markland, English classical scholar (b. 1693)
- July 10 - Richard Peters, English-born clergyman (b. 1704)
- August 1 - Francis Salvador, American patriot (b. 1747)
- August 2 - Louis François I, Prince of Conti, French military leader (b. 1717)
- August 25 - David Hume, Scottish philosopher (b. 1711)
- September 22 - Nathan Hale, American Revolutionary War captain, writer and patriot (executed) (b. 1755)
- October 17 - Pierre François le Courayer, French theologian (b. 1681)
- November 17 - James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer (b. 1710)
- Web site: Timeline of the American Revolutionary War. Independence Hall. 2007-06-01.